Tony Kushner

Tony Kushner (doğum 16 Temmuz 1956), Amerikalı oyun yazarı, roman yazarı ve senarist. 1993'te Angels in America isimli oyunu sayesinde Pulitzer Drama Ödülü'nü aldı, daha sonra oyunu 2003'te HBO'ya uyarladı. 2005 yapımlı film Münih ve 2012 yapımlı film Lincoln'un senaryolarını yazdı. Her iki film de büyük beğeni topladı ve En İyi Uyarlanmış Senaryo dalında Oscar Ödülü adaylığı aldı. 2013 yılında Başkan Barack Obama'dan Birleşik Devletler Ulusal Sanat Madalyası aldı.[1] Nisan 2008'te Mark Harris'le New York'ta evlenmiştir.[2]

Tony Kushner
Tony Kushner - Hollywood and Socialism - The Laura Flanders Show 2.png
2016'da Kushner
Doğum 16 Haziran 1956 (1956-06-16) (64 yaşında)
Milliyet Amerikalı
Etnik köken Yahudi
Vatandaşlık  ABD
Eğitim New York Üniversitesi (BA)
Columbia Üniversitesi (MFA)
Meslek
Evlilik
Mark Harris (e. 2008)

Erken yaşamıDüzenle

Kushner, 1956'da New York'ta, Yahudi fagot sanatçısı Sylivia (kızlık soy adı Deutscher) ve orkestra şefi olan Yahudi William David Kushner'un oğlu olarak dünyaya geldi.[3][4] Ebeveynleri, Rus İmparatorluğu ve Galiçya'dan, Yahudilere yönelik yükselen ayrımcılıktan ötürü ABD'ye göçtü.[5][6][7][8][9]

Kushner'in doğumundan bir süre sonra ailesi, çocukluğunu geçireceği Lake Charles, Louisiana'ya taşındı. Lise yıllarına geldiğinde Kushner, politika ile oldukça ilgileniyordu. 1974'te ise Kushner, Columbia Üniversitesi'nde lisans öğrenimine başlamak için New York'a geri döndü.[10]

Yazarın OyunlarıDüzenle

  • The Age of Assassins, New York, Newfoundland Theatre, 1982.
  • La Fin de la Baleine: An Opera for the Apocalypse, New York, Ohio Theatre, 1983.
  • The Umbrella Oracle, Martha's Vineyard, The Yard, Inc..
  • Last Gasp at the Cataract, Martha's Vineyard, The Yard, Inc., 1984.
  • Yes, Yes, No, No: The Solace-of-Solstice, Apogee/Perigee, Bestial/Celestial Holiday Show, produced in St. Louis, Missouri, Imaginary Theatre Company, Repertory Theatre of St. Louis, 1985, published in Plays in Process, 1987.
  • Stella (Johann Wolfgang von oyunundan uyarlandı Goethe), New York'ta yazıldı, 1987.
  • A Bright Room Called Day, produced in New York, Theatre 22, 22 April 1985; San Francisco, Eureka Theatre, October 1987; London, Bush Theatre, 1988), Broadway Play Publishing, 1991.
  • The Heavenly Theatre, produced at New York University, Tisch School of the Arts, 1986.
  • In Great Eliza's Golden Time, produced in St. Louis, Missouri, Imaginary Theatre Company, Repertory Theatre of St. Louis, 1986.
  • Hydriotaphia, produced in New York City, 1987 (based on the life on Sir Thomas Browne)
  • The Illusion (adapted from Pierre Corneille's play L'Illusion comique; produced in New York City, 1988, revised version produced in Hartford, CT, 1990), Broadway Play Publishing, 1991.
  • In That Day (Lives of the Prophets), New York University, Tisch School of the Arts, 1989.
  • (With Ariel Dorfman) Widows (adapted from a book by Ariel Dorfman), produced in Los Angeles, CA, 1991.
  • Angels in America: A Gay Fantasia on National Themes, Part One: Millennium Approaches (produced in San Francisco, 1991), Hern, 1992.
  • Angels in America: A Gay Fantasia on National Themes, Part Two: Perestroika, produced in New York City, 1992.
  • Angels in America: A Gay Fantasia on National Themes (includes both parts), Theatre Communications Group (New York, NY), 1995.
  • Slavs! Thinking About the Longstanding Problems of Virtue and Happiness, Theatre Communications Group, 1995.
  • Reverse Transcription: Six Playwrights Bury a Seventh, A Ten-Minute Play That's Nearly Twenty Minutes Long, Louisville, Humana Festival of New American Plays, Actors Theatre of Louisville, March 1996.
  • A Dybbuk, or Between Two Worlds (adapted from Joachim Neugroschel's transation of the original play by S. Ansky; produced in New York City at the Joseph Papp Public Theater, 1997), Theatre Communications Group, 1997.
  • The Good Person of Szechuan (uyarlama Bertolt Brecht), Arcade, 1997.
  • (With Eric Bogosian and others) Love's Fire: Seven New Plays Inspired by Seven Shakespearean Sonnets, Morrow, 1998.
  • Terminating, or Lass Meine Schmerzen Nicht Verloren Sein, or Ambivalence, in Love's Fire, Minneapolis, Guthrie Theater Lab, 7 January 1998; New York: Joseph Papp Public Theater, 19 June 1998.
  • Henry Box Brown, or the Mirror of Slavery, Royal National Theare'da sergilendi, London, 1998.
  • Homebody/Kabul, first performed in New York City, 19 December 2001.
  • Caroline, or Change (musical), the Joseph Papp Public Theater'da ilk defa sergilendi, 2002.
  • (Director)Ellen McLaughlin, Helen, produced at the Joseph Papp Public Theater, 2002.
  • Only We Who Guard The Mystery Shall Be Unhappy, 2003.
  • Translation with “liberties”—but purportedly “not an adaptation”—of Brecht’s Mother Courage and Her Children (2006)[11]

Yazarın KitaplarıDüzenle

  • A Meditation from Angels in America, HarperSan Francisco, 1994.
  • Thinking about the Longstanding Problems of Virtue and Happiness: Essays, a Play, Two Poems, and a Prayer, Theatre Communications Group (New York, NY), 1995.
  • Howard Cruse, Stuck Rubber Baby, introduction by Kushner (New York: Paradox Press, 1995).
  • David B. Feinberg, Queer and Loathing: Rants and Raves of a Raging AIDS Clone, introduction by Kushner (New York: Penguin, 1995).
  • David Wojnarowicz, The Waterfront Journals, edited by Amy Scholder, introduction by Kushner (New York: Grove, 1996).
  • "Three Screeds from Key West: For Larry Kramer," in We Must Love One Another or Die: The Life and Legacies of Larry Kramer, edited by Lawrence D. Mass (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997), pp. 191–199.
  • Moises Kaufman, Gross Indecency, afterword by Kushner (New York: Vintage, 1997), pp. 135–143.
  • Plays by Tony Kushner (New York: Broadway Play Publishing, 1999). Includes:
    • A Bright Room called Day
    • The Illusion
    • Slavs! Thinking About the Longstanding Problems of Virtue and Happiness
  • Death & Taxes: Hydriotaphia, and Other Plays, Theatre Communications Group (New York, NY), 2000. Includes:
  • Brundibar, illustrated by Maurice Sendak, Hyperion Books for Children, 2003.
  • The Art of Maurice Sendak: 1980 to the Present, 2003
  • Save Your Democratic Soul!: Rants, Screeds, and Other Public Utterances
  • Wrestling with Zion: Progressive Jewish-American Responses to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, with Alisa Solomon, Grove, 2003.

Diğer ÇalışmalarıDüzenle

  • La Fin de la Baleine: An Opera for the Apocalypse, (opera) 1983
  • St. Cecilia or The Power of Music, (opera libretto based on Heinrich von Kleist's eighteenth-century story Die heilige Cäcilie oder Die Gewalt der Musik, Eine Legende)
  • Caroline or Change, (Müzikal)
  • Brundibar, (an opera in collaboration with Maurice Sendak)
  • Munich, Steven Spielberg yönetmenliğinde (2005)

Kazandığı ÖdüllerDüzenle

KaynakçaDüzenle

  1. ^ "White House to honor Star Wars' Lucas, playwright Kushner among others". washingtontimes.com. 7 Temmuz 2013 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 16 Temmuz 2020. 
  2. ^ Lois Smith Brady (4 Mayıs 2003). "Weddings/Celebrations: Vows; Mark Harris and Tony Kushner". The New York Times. Erişim tarihi: 21 Aralık 2008. 
  3. ^ Fisher, James (2001). The Theater of Tony Kushner: Living Past Hope. Psychology Press. ISBN 978-0-8153-3150-6. 
  4. ^ "Sylvia Deutscher Kushner, Bassoonist, 65". The New York Times. 29 Ağustos 1990. 7 Haziran 2014 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 16 Temmuz 2020. 
  5. ^ Miller, Gerri (23 Ekim 2014). "'Finding Your Roots' explores Jewish genealogy". Jewish Journal. Erişim tarihi: 5 Haziran 2018. 
  6. ^ Harris, Paul (5 Mayıs 2011). "University snub for 'anti-Israel' playwright Tony Kushner". The Guardian. 30 Eylül 2013 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 5 Haziran 2018. 
  7. ^ Berrin, Danielle (29 Kasım 2011). "Tony Kushner awarded $100.000 prize for challenging status quo". Jewish Journal. Erişim tarihi: 5 Haziran 2018. 
  8. ^ Kellaway, Kate (14 Mayıs 2017). "Tony Kushner: 'To love someone puts you at the risk of loss'". The Guardian. 14 Mayıs 2017 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 5 Haziran 2018. 
  9. ^ Stated on Finding Your Roots, PBS, November 4, 2014
  10. ^ "Tony Kushner". columbia.edu. 20 Aralık 2012 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 16 Temmuz 2020. 
  11. ^ Kalb, Jonathan (6 Ağustos 2006). "Still Fearsome, Mother Courage Gets a Makeover". The New York Times. s. 2.4. Erişim tarihi: 24 Mayıs 2009. 

Dış bağlantılarDüzenle