Yalancı Kayın

Nothofagus veya Güney kayınları olarak da bilinen Yalancı Kayın, 43 tür [1] ağaç ve çalı cinsinin adıdır. Güney Amerika (Şili, Arjantin) ve Avustralasya'ya (doğu ve güneydoğu Avustralya, Yeni Zelanda, Yeni Gine ve Yeni Kaledonya) özgüdür. Türler, bu bölgelerdeki birçok ılıman ormanda ekolojik olarak baskındır.[2] Bazı türlerin Almanya ve Büyük Britanya'da iklime alıştırıldığı bildiriliyor.[3] Cins, zengin bir fosil kaydına sahiptir.[4]

N. obliqua'nın sürgünleri, yaprakları ve kupuleleri
Yeni Zelanda'da kayın ağaçları

TaksonomiDüzenle

Tür listesiDüzenle

  • Nothofagus aequilateralis (Baum.-Bod.) Steenis (New Caledonia)
  • Nothofagus alessandri Espinosa (Central Chile)
  • Nothofagus alpina (Poepp. & Endl.) Oerst. (Argentina South, Chile Central, Chile South)
  • Nothofagus antarctica (G.Forst.) Oerst. (Argentina South, Chile Central, Chile South)
  • Nothofagus balansae (Baill.) Steenis (New Caledonia)
  • Nothofagus baumanniae (Baum.-Bod.) Steenis (New Caledonia)
  • Nothofagus betuloides (Mirb.) Oerst. (Argentina South, Chile South)
  • Nothofagus brassii Steenis (New Guinea)
  • Nothofagus carrii Steenis (New Guinea)
  • Nothofagus cliffortioides (Hook.f.) Oerst. (New Zealand North, New Zealand South)
  • Nothofagus codonandra (Hook.f.) Oerst. (New Caledonia)
  • Nothofagus crenata Steenis (New Guinea)
  • Nothofagus cunninghamii (Hook.f.) Oerst. (Tasmania, Victoria)
  • Nothofagus discoidea (Baum.-Bod.) Steenis (New Caledonia)
  • Nothofagus dombeyi (Mirb.) Oerst. (Argentina South, Chile Central, Chile South)
  • Nothofagus flaviramea Steenis (New Guinea)
  • Nothofagus fusca (Hook.f.) Oerst. (New Zealand North, New Zealand South)
  • Nothofagus glauca (Phil.) Krasser (Chile Central)
  • Nothofagus grandis Steenis (New Guinea)
  • Nothofagus gunnii (Hook.f.) Oerst. (Tasmania)
  • Nothofagus macrocarpa (A.DC.) F.M.Vázquez & R.A.Rodr. (Chile Central)
  • Nothofagus menziesii (Hook.f.) Oerst. (New Zealand North, New Zealand South)
  • Nothofagus moorei [F.Muell.) Krasser (New South Wales, Queensland)
  • Nothofagus nitida (Phil.) Krasser (Chile South)
  • Nothofagus nuda Steenis (New Guinea)
  • Nothofagus obliqua (Mirb.) Oerst. (Argentina South, Chile Central, Chile South)
  • Nothofagus perryi Steenis (New Guinea)
  • Nothofagus pseudoresinosa Steenis (New Guinea)
  • Nothofagus pullei Steenis (New Guinea)
  • Nothofagus pumilio (Poepp. & Endl.) Krasser (Argentina South, Chile Central, Chile South)
  • Nothofagus resinosa Steenis (New Guinea)
  • Nothofagus rubra Steenis (New Guinea)
  • Nothofagus rutila Ravenna (Chile Central)
  • Nothofagus solandri (Hook.f.) Oerst. (New Zealand North, New Zealand South)
  • Nothofagus starkenborghii Steenis (Bismarck Archipelago, New Guinea)
  • Nothofagus stylosa Steenis (New Guinea)
  • Nothofagus truncata (Colenso) Cockayne (New Zealand North, New Zealand South)
  • Nothofagus womersleyi Steenis (New Guinea)
  • Nothofagus × apiculata (Colenso) Cockayne (New Zealand North, New Zealand South)
  • Nothofagus × blairii Kirk (New Zealand North, New Zealand South)
  • Nothofagus × dodecaphleps Mike L.Grant & E.J.Clement
  • Nothofagus × eugenananus Gilland.
  • Nothofagus × leoni Espinosa (Chile Central)
  • Nothofagus × solfusca Allan (New Zealand North)
  • Nothofagus var. crenata Steenis (New Guinea)
  • Nothofagus var. sapeii Steenis (New Guinea)

KaynakçaDüzenle

  1. ^ Christenhusz, M. J. M. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. 261 (3): 201-217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1. 26 Haziran 2019 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 3 Mart 2022. 
  2. ^ Ecology and Biogeography of Nothofagus Forests. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. 1996. ISBN 978-0-300-06423-0. 
  3. ^ "Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families". 13 Mart 2020 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 3 Mart 2022. 
  4. ^ Hill (2001). "Biogeography, evolution and palaeoecology of Nothofagus (Nothofagaceae): The contribution of the fossil record". Australian Journal of Botany. 49 (3): 321. doi:10.1071/BT00026.