Hepatit

(Hepatitis sayfasından yönlendirildi)

Hepatit, karaciğer hücrelerinde inflamasyon ile karakterize tıbbi durumdur. İsim Yunanca hepar (ἧπαρ); hepat- (ἡπατ-), karaciğer kökünden ve sonek -itis, "inflamasyon" 'dan türemiştir (karaciğer inflamasyonu)(c. 1727)[1] Karaciğerdeki inflamasyon zamanla kendini sınırlayabilir ya da fibrozis ve siroza ilerleyebilir.

Hepatit
Alcoholic hepatitis.jpg
Alkolik hepatit patolojik görüntüsü; yağlı değişiklikler, hücre nekrozu, Mallory cisimcikleri
Uzmanlık Gastroenteroloji, hepatology, Enfeksiyon hastalıkları, İç hastalıkları, Aile hekimliği Edit this on Wikidata

Hepatit sınırlı ya da hiçbir belirti olmaksızın ortaya çıkabilir ama çoğu zaman sarılık, anoreksi (iştahsızlık) ve halsizlik gibi semptomlara neden olabilir. Altı aydan daha kısa sürerse akut; daha uzun sürerse kronik hepatit olarak isimlendirilir. Hepatit dünya genelinde en fazla hepatit virüsleri denilen bir grup virüs tarafından oluşturulur ama aynı zamanda toksinler (özellikle alkol, belirli ilaçlar, bazı endüstriyel organik çözücüler ve bitkiler), diğer enfeksiyonlar ve otoimmün hastalıklar nedeniyle de meydana gelebilir.

NedenleriDüzenle

AkutDüzenle

Viral hepatitler (15 aile)
Bakteri
Protozoal
Parazitik
Fungal
Alg
Enfeksiyöz olmayan

KronikDüzenle

KaynakçaDüzenle

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