Numi dilleri

Numi dilleri ya da Numik dilleri (İngilizce Numic languages), ABD'nin batısında Kızılderililer tarafından konuşulan Uto-Aztek dilleri ailesinden dil grubu.

Numi dilleri
Coğrafi
dağılım:
ABD'nin batısı
Sınıflandırma: Uto-Aztek
Alt bölümler:
Batı Numi
Merkezî Numi
Güney Numi


AdlandırmaDüzenle

Numi < Numik < Numic adı «kişi» anlamına gelen Numi kelimesine İngilizcede dil ailesi yapan -ic sıfat yapım eki getirilerek oluşturulmuştur:

  • /nɨmɨ/ Merkezî ve Güney Numi dilleri nʉmʉ (Komançice)
  • /nɨwɨ/ Kawaiisu
  • /nɨwɨ/ ve /nɨŋwɨ/ Colorado River
  • /nuu/ Ute

SınıflandırmaDüzenle

KarşılaştırmaDüzenle

Monoca Kuzey Payutçası Timbişaca Şoşonice Komançice Kawaiisu Colorado River
[*hoa]
'av, tuzak'
[hoa] [hoa] [hɨwa] [hɨa] [hɨa] [hɨa] [oa] (SP)
'casus'
[*jaka]
'ağlama'
[jaɣa] [jaɣa] [jaɣa] [jaɣai] [jake] [jaɣi] [jaɣa]
[*kaipa]
'dağ'
[kaiβa] [kaiβa] [keeβi] [kaiβa]
[*kuttsu]
'bizon'
[kuttsu] [kuttsu]
'inek'
[kwittʃu]
'inek'
[kuittʃun]
'inek'
[kuhtsu]
'inek'
[kuttsu]
[*naŋka]
'kulak'
[nakka] [nakka]
[naɡɡa] (So Nev)
[naŋɡa] [naŋɡi] [naki] [naɣaβiβi] [naŋkaβɨ] (Ch)
[nakka-] (Ut)
[*oppimpɨ]
'mesquite'
[oɸimbɨ] [oɸi]
'mesquite bean'
[oβi(m)bɨ] [oppimpɨ] (Ch)
[*paŋkʷi]
'balık'
[pakkʷi] [pakkʷi]
[paɡɡʷi] (So Nev)
[paŋŋʷi] [paiŋɡʷi] [pekʷi]
[*puŋku]
'pet, dog'
[pukku] [pukku]
[puɡɡu] (So Nev)
'horse'
[puŋɡu]
'pet'
[puŋɡu]
'horse'
[puku]
'horse'
[puɣu] [puŋku] (Ch)
[pukku] (Ut)
'pet'
[*tɨpa]
'çam fıstığı'
[tɨβa] [tɨβa] [tɨβa] [tɨβa] [tɨβattsi] [tɨβa]
[*woŋko]
'çam'
[wokkoβɨ] [wokkoppi]
[.oɡɡoppi] (So Nev)
[woŋɡoβi] [woŋɡoβin] [wokoβi] [woɣo-]
(only in compounds)
[oɣompɨ]

KaynakçaDüzenle

  1. ^ Lila Wistrand Robinson & James Armagost. 1990. Comanche Dictionary and Grammar. Summer Institute of Linguistics and The University of Texas at Arlington Publications in Linguistics Publication 92. Dallas, Texas: The Summer Institute of Linguistics and The University of Texas at Arlington.
    Jean O. Charney. 1993. A Grammar of Comanche. Studies in the Anthropology of North American Indians. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press.
  2. ^ Jon P. Dayley. 1989. Tümpisa (Panamint) Shoshone Grammar. University of California Publications in Linguistics Volume 115. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
    Jon P. Dayley. 1989. Tümpisa (Panamint) Shoshone Dictionary. University of California Publications in Linguistics Volume 116. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
  3. ^ John E. McLaughlin. 2006. Timbisha (Panamint). Languages of the World/Materials 453. Muenchen: LINCOM Europa.
  4. ^ John E. McLaughlin. 2012. Shoshoni Grammar. Languages of the World/Materials 488. Muenchen: LINCOM Europa.
  5. ^ Richley H. Crapo. 1976. Big Smokey Valley Shoshoni. Desert Research Institute Publications in the Social Sciences 10. Reno: University of Nevada Press.
    Beverly Crum & Jon Dayley. 1993. Western Shoshoni Grammar. Boise State University Occasional Papers and Monographs in Cultural Anthropology and Linguistics Volume No. 1. Boise, Idaho: Department of Anthropology, Boise State University.
  6. ^ Wick R. Miller. 1972. Newe Natekwinappeh: Shoshoni Stories and Dictionary. University of Utah Anthropological Papers 94. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.
    Wick R. Miller. 1996. "Sketch of Shoshone, a Uto-Aztecan Language," Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 17, Languages. Ed. Ives Goddard. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution. Pages 693–720.
    Dirk Allen Elzinga. 1999. "The Consonants of Gosiute", University of Arizona Ph.D. dissertation.
  7. ^ Drusilla Gould & Christopher Loether. 2002. An Introduction to the Shoshoni Language: Dammen Daigwape. Salt Lake City, Utah: The University of Utah Press.
  8. ^ D.B. Shimkin. 1949. "Shoshone, I: Linguistic Sketch and Text," International Journal of American Linguistics 15:175-188.
    D. B. Shimkin. 1949. "Shoshone II: Morpheme List," International Journal of American Linguistics 15.203-212.
    Malinda Tidzump. 1970. Shoshone Thesaurus. Grand Forks, North Dakota.
  9. ^ Maurice L. Zigmond, Curtis G. Booth, & Pamela Munro. 1991. Kawaiisu, A Grammar and Dictionary with Texts. Ed. Pamela Munro. University of California Publications in Linguistics Volume 119. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
  10. ^ Margaret L. Press. 1979. Chemehuevi, A Grammar and Lexicon. University of California Publications in Linguistics Volume 92. Berkeley, California. University of California Press.
    Laird, Carobeth. 1976. The Chemehuevis. Malki Museum Press, Banning, California.
  11. ^ Edward Sapir. 1930. Southern Paiute, a Shoshonean Language. Reprinted in 1992 in: The Collected Works of Edward Sapir, X, Southern Paiute and Ute Linguistics and Ethnography. Ed. William Bright. Berlin: Mouton deGruyter.
    Edward Sapir. 1931. Southern Paiute Dictionary. Reprinted in 1992 in: The Collected Works of Edward Sapir, X, Southern Paiute and Ute Linguistics and Ethnography. Ed. William Bright. Berlin: Mouton deGruyter.
    Pamela A. Bunte. 1979. "Problems in Southern Paiute Syntax and Semantics," Indiana University Ph.D. dissertation.
  12. ^ Talmy Givón. 2011. Ute Reference Grammar. Culture and Language Use Volume 3. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
    Jean O. Charney. 1996. A Dictionary of the Southern Ute Language. Ignacio, Colorado: Ute Press.
  13. ^ Sidney M. Lamb. 1957. "Mono Grammar," University of California, Berkeley Ph.D. dissertation.
    Rosalie Bethel, Paul V. Kroskrity, Christopher Loether, & Gregory A. Reinhardt. 1993. A Dictionary of Western Mono. 2nd edition.
  14. ^ Evan J. Norris. 1986. "A Grammar Sketch and Comparative Study of Eastern Mono," University of California, San Diego Ph.D. dissertation.
  15. ^ Sven Liljeblad, Catherine S. Fowler, & Glenda Powell. 2012. The Northern Paiute-Bannock Dictionary, with an English-Northern Paiute-Bannock Finder List and a Northern Paiute-Bannock-English Finder List. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.
  16. ^ Anonymous. 1987. Yerington Paiute Grammar. Anchorage, Alaska: Bilingual Education Services.
    Arie Poldevaart. 1987. Paiute-English English-Paiute Dictionary. Yerington, Nevada: Yerington Paiute Tribe.
  17. ^ Allen Snapp, John Anderson, & Joy Anderson. 1982. "Northern Paiute," Studies in Uto-Aztecan Grammar, Volume 3, Uto-Aztecan Grammatical Sketches. Ed. Ronald W. Langacker. Summer Institute of Linguistics Publications in Linguistics Publication Number 57, Volume III. Dallas, Texas: Summer Institute of Linguistics and The University of Texas at Arlington. Pages 1–92.
  18. ^ Timothy John Thornes. 2003. "A Northern Paiute Grammar with Texts," University of Oregon Ph.D. dissertation.
  19. ^ Sven Liljeblad. 1966-1967. "Northern Paiute Lessons," manuscript.
    Sven Liljeblad. 1950. "Bannack I: Phonemes," International Journal of American Linguistics 16:126–131