Lazika Savaşı: Revizyonlar arasındaki fark

Lazika'ya girip ve Bizans ana kalesi [[Petra, Lazika|Petra]]'yı [[Petra Kuşatması (541)|ele geçiren]] ve ülke üzerinde bir başka manda yönetimi kuran Sasani Şahı [[I. Hüsrev]], bu çağrılara o yıl cevap verdi.<ref>{{harvnb|Martindale|Jones|Morris|1992|pp=559, 639}}; {{harvnb|Bury|1958|pp=101-102}}.</ref>
 
543 yılında Anglon'da [[Anglon Muharebesi (543)|Ermenistan'ın Bizans istilası]], küçük bir PersSasani kuvveti tarafından engellendi. Bununla birlikte, Şah’ın ülke üzerinde doğrudan bir Sasani hakimiyeti kurma teşebbüsü ve [[Zerdüştlük|Zerdüşt]] rahiplerinin misyonerlik çabası kısa bir süre sonra [[Hristiyanlık|Hristiyan]] Lazika'da hoşnutsuzluğa neden oldu ve Kral Gubaz bu kez Sasanilere karşı 548’de isyan etti.
<!--
II. Gubaz, İmparator I. Justinianus'tan yardım istedi ve [[Alanlar]]ı ve [[Sabirler]]i bir ittifaka götürdü. Justinianus, Gubaz'a yardım etmek için [[Dagisthaios]] komutasında 7.000 Roma ve 1.000 Tzani ([[Lazlar]]ın akrabaları) destek kuvvetleri gönderdi ve Petra kalesini [[Petra Kuşatması (549)|kuşattı]]. [[Mihr-Mihroe]] yönetimindeki Pers takviyeleri, dağ geçitlerini koruyan küçük bir Bizans kuvveti yendi ve kuşatılmış Petra'yı rahattı. Mihr-Mihroe, kaleye 3.000 kişi bıraktı ve Lazika'yı yağmalamak için 5.000 asker bırakarak [[Ermenistan]]'a yürüdü. Bu güç, 549 yılında [[Rioni Nehri|Fasis Nehri]]'nde Dagisthaios tarafından yok edildi. Bir sonraki Pers saldırısı da, Hippis Nehri'nde (modern [[Tskhenistlerkali]]) kesin bir muharebede komutan Chorianes'in öldürülmesiyle başarısız oldu. Yeni Bizans komutanı [[Bessas]], [[Abazglar|Abazg]] kabilesinin Pers yanlısı isyanını bastırdı, Petra'yı aldı ve 551'de Archaeopolis'te Mihr-Mihroe'yi yendi. Ancak, Mihr-Mihroe, [[Kutaisi|Cotais]]'i ve [[Lechkhumi|Scymnia]] ve [[Svaneti|Souania]] yayla bölgelerine giden önemli yolları engelleyen Uthimereos kalesini ele geçirmeyi başardı. 555 yazında Telephis'te etkileyici bir zafer kazandı ve Bizans-Lazik kuvvetlerini Nesos'a çekilmeye zorladı.
However, the Shah’s attempt to establish a direct Persian control over the country and the missionary zeal of the [[Zoroastrian]] priests soon caused discontent in [[Christianity|Christian]] Lazica and King Gubazes revolted in 548, this time against the Persians. Gubazes II requested aid from Emperor [[Justinian I]] and brought [[Alans]] and [[Sabir people|Sabirs]] to an alliance. Justinian sent 7,000 Roman and 1,000 [[Tzani]] (relatives of the [[Laz people|Lazs]]) auxiliaries under [[Dagisthaeus]] to assist Gubazes, and [[Siege of Petra (549)|besieged]] the Petra fortress. Persian reinforcements under [[Mihr-Mihroe]] defeated a small Byzantine force guarding the mountain passes and relieved the besieged Petra. Mihr-Mihroe garrisoned 3,000 men in the fortress and marched to [[Armenia]] leaving 5,000 soldiers to plunder Lazica. This force was destroyed by Dagisthaeus at the [[Rioni river|Phasis river]] in 549. The next Persian offensive also proved to be unsuccessful with the commander Chorianes killed in a decisive battle at the river Hippis (now the [[Tskhenistskali]]). The new Byzantine commander Bessas quelled a pro-Persian revolt of the [[Abasgians|Abasgi]] tribe, took Petra and defeated Mihr-Mihroe at [[Archaeopolis]] in 551. However, the latter managed to capture [[Kutaisi|Cotais]] and the Uthimereos fortress blocking the important roads to the highland regions of [[Lechkhumi|Scymnia]] and [[Svaneti|Souania]]. In the summer of 555, he won an impressive victory at [[Battle of Telephis-Ollaria|Telephis]] and forced the Byzantine-Lazic forces to retreat to Nesos.
 
However, the Shah’s attempt to establish a direct Persian control over the country and the missionary zeal of the [[Zoroastrian]] priests soon caused discontent in [[Christianity|Christian]] Lazica and King Gubazes revolted in 548, this time against the Persians. Gubazes II requested aid from Emperor [[Justinian I]] and brought [[Alans]] and [[Sabir people|Sabirs]] to an alliance. Justinian sent 7,000 Roman and 1,000 [[Tzani]] (relatives of the [[Laz people|Lazs]]) auxiliaries under [[Dagisthaeus]] to assist Gubazes, and [[Siege of Petra (549)|besieged]] the Petra fortress. Persian reinforcements under [[Mihr-Mihroe]] defeated a small Byzantine force guarding the mountain passes and relieved the besieged Petra. Mihr-Mihroe garrisoned 3,000 men in the fortress and marched to [[Armenia]] leaving 5,000 soldiers to plunder Lazica. This force was destroyed by Dagisthaeus at the [[Rioni river|Phasis river]] in 549. The next Persian offensive also proved to be unsuccessful with the commander Chorianes killed in a decisive battle at the river Hippis (now the [[Tskhenistskali]]). The new Byzantine commander Bessas quelled a pro-Persian revolt of the [[Abasgians|Abasgi]] tribe, took Petra and defeated Mihr-Mihroe at [[Archaeopolis]] in 551. However, the latter managed to capture [[Kutaisi|Cotais]] and the Uthimereos fortress blocking the important roads to the highland regions of [[Lechkhumi|Scymnia]] and [[Svaneti|Souania]]. In the summer of 555, he won an impressive victory at [[Battle of Telephis-Ollaria|Telephis]] and forced the Byzantine-Lazic forces to retreat to Nesos.
 
After the death of Mihr-Mihroe, [[Nachoragan]] was appointed the Persian commander-in-chief in 555. He repulsed the Byzantine attack on the Persian positions at [[Onoguris]] and forced the enemy out of [[Archaeopolis]], a city which Mihr-Mihroe had twice tried and failed to take. These defeats caused a bitter feud between the Lazic and Byzantine generals. King Gubazes quarreled with Byzantine commanders [[Bessas (general)|Bessas]], [[Martin (general under Justinian I)|Martin]], and Rusticus, complaining to emperor Justinian. Bessas was recalled, but Rusticus and his brother John eventually murdered Gubazes. The [[Laz people|Lazi]] people got the Emperor to nominate [[Tzath II of Lazica|Tzathes]], the younger brother of Gubazes, as their new king, and Senator Athanasius investigated the assassination. Rusticus and John were arrested, tried, and executed. In 556, the allies retook Archaeopolis and routed Nachoragan in his abortive [[Siege of Phasis|attack on Phasis]]. In the autumn and winter of the same year, the Byzantines suppressed a rebellion staged by the mountain tribe of the [[Misimians]], and finally expelled the Persians from the country.
96.517

düzenleme