"Gregori (patrici)" sayfasının sürümleri arasındaki fark

çeviriye devam
(şablon eklendi)
(çeviriye devam)
 
== Hayatı ==
Patrici Gregori'nin, imparator [[Herakleios]] (610-641 arası hükümdar) ve torunu [[II. Konstans]] (641-668 arası hükümdar) ile kan bağı vardır ve muhtemelen Herakleios'un kuzeni [[Nicetas (Herakleios'un kuzeni)|Niketas]]'ın oğluydu.<ref name="ODB">Hollingsworth (1991), p. 875</ref><ref name="DIR">Moore (1999)</ref> [[Afrika Eksarh]]ı ([[Theofanis (aziz)|Theofanis]]'e göre "Afrika ''[[patrikios]]''{{'}}u") olarak Temmuz 645 tarihinde ilk görülür,<ref name="ODB"/><ref name="PmbZ">Winkelmann et al. (2000), pp. 49–50</ref><ref name="PLRE">Martindale, Jones & Morris (1992), p. 554</ref> fakat Herakleios yönetiminde zaten atanmış olabilir.<ref name="DIR"/><ref>Pringle (1981), p. 46</ref>
<!--
Gregory is first attested as [[Exarch of Africa]] ("''[[patrikios]]'' of Africa" in [[Theophanes the Confessor|Theophanes]]) in July 645,<ref name="ODB"/><ref name="PmbZ">Winkelmann et al. (2000), pp. 49–50</ref><ref name="PLRE">Martindale, Jones & Morris (1992), p. 554</ref> but may have been appointed already under Heraclius.<ref name="DIR"/><ref>Pringle (1981), p. 46</ref>
 
The Exarchate at this time was in internal turmoil due to the conflict between the mainly Orthodox [[Chalcedonian]] population and the supporters of [[Monotheletism]], an attempt at compromise between Chalcedonianism and [[Monophysitism]] devised and promoted by Heraclius in 638. In Africa, the latter was mostly advocated by refugees from [[Roman Egypt|Egypt]].<ref name="DIR"/> In an effort to lessen the tensions, in July 645 Gregory hosted a theological dispute in his capital [[Carthage]] between the Chalcedonian [[Maximus the Confessor]] and the Monothelite former [[Patriarch of Constantinople]], [[Patriarch Pyrrhus of Constantinople|Pyrrhus]]. Gregory helped to bring about a reconciliation between the two, and Pyrrhus re-embraced the Chalcedonian position.<ref name="ODB"/><ref name="DIR"/><ref name="PmbZ"/><ref name="PLRE"/> Over the next few months, several local [[synod]]s in Africa proceeded to condemn Monotheletism as [[heresy]].<ref name="ODB"/>
 
87.879

değişiklik