"Yeşil mayo" sayfasının sürümleri arasındaki fark

ekleme
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(ekleme)
[[Fransa Bisiklet Turu|Fransa Bisiklet Turunda]] genel klasmanda en çok puan toplayan bisikletçiye verilen ödüldür. Sprinterlerin kazanması daha olası olan puan mayosudur. Puanlar bitiş çizgisindeki ve etabın ortasında belirlenen kapılardaki sıralamaya göre dağıtılır. En çok puanı toplayan bisikletçi yeşil mayoyu sırtına geçirir. Yeşil mayoyu kazanmak isteyen bisikletçilerin, zorlu dağ etaplarında yılmaması ve yarışı belirli süre limitleri için de bitirmesi gereklidir.
{{Düzenle|Ekim 2013}}
 
Sprinterlerin kazanması daha olası olan puan mayosudur. Puanlar bitiş çizgisindeki ve etabın ortasında belirlenen kapılardaki sıralamaya göre dağıtılır. En çok puanı toplayan bisikletçi yeşil mayoyu sırtına geçirir. Yeşil mayoyu kazanmak isteyen bisikletçilerin, zorlu dağ etaplarında yılmaması ve yarışı belirli süre limitleri için de bitirmesi gereklidir.
 
== Günümüzdeki puanlama sistemi ==
|}
<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.letour.com/le-tour/2015/us/sporting-stakes-rules.html|title=Sporting stakes / rules|publisher=}}</ref>
 
==Kazananlar==
 
{| class="wikitable"
|-
!Yıl
!Kazanan
!Puan
!İkinci sıra
!Puan
!Üçüncü sıra
!Puan
|-
|[[1953 Tour de France|1953]] || {{flagathlete|[[Fritz Schaer|Fritz Schär]]|SUI}} || 271 ||{{flagathlete|[[Fiorenzo Magni]]|ITA}} || 307 ||{{flagathlete|[[Raphaël Géminiani]]|FRA}} || 406
|-
|[[1954 Tour de France|1954]] || {{flagathlete|[[Ferdinand Kübler]]|SUI}} || 215.5 || {{flagathlete|[[Stan Ockers]]|BEL}} || 284.5 || {{flagathlete|[[Fritz Schaer|Fritz Schär]]|SUI}} || 286.5
|-
|[[1955 Tour de France|1955]] || {{flagathlete|[[Stan Ockers]]|BEL}} || 322 || {{flagathlete|[[Wout Wagtmans]]|NED}} || 399 || {{flagathlete|[[Miguel Poblet]]|ESP}} || 409
|-
|[[1956 Tour de France|1956]] || {{flagathlete|[[Stan Ockers]]|BEL}} || 280 || {{flagathlete|[[Fernand Picot]]|FRA}} || 464 || {{flagathlete|[[Gerrit Voorting]]|NED}}|| 465
|-
|[[1957 Tour de France|1957]] || {{flagathlete|[[Jean Forestier]]|FRA}} || 301 || {{flagathlete|[[Wim van Est]]|NED}} || 317 || {{flagathlete|[[Adolf Christian]]|SUI}}|| 366
|-
|[[1958 Tour de France|1958]] || {{flagathlete|[[Jean Graczyk]]|FRA}} || 347 || {{flagathlete|[[Joseph Planckaert]]|BEL}} || 406 || {{flagathlete|[[André Darrigade]]|FRA}} || 553
|-
|[[1959 Tour de France|1959]] || {{flagathlete|[[André Darrigade]]|FRA}} || 613 || {{flagathlete|[[Gérard Saint]]|FRA}} || 524 || {{flagathlete|[[Jacques Anquetil]]|FRA}} || 503
|-
|[[1960 Tour de France|1960]] || {{flagathlete|[[Jean Graczyk]]|FRA}} || 74 || {{flagathlete|[[Graziano Battistini]]|ITA}} || 40 || {{flagathlete|[[Federico Bahamontes]]|ESP}} || 35
|-
|[[1961 Tour de France|1961]] || {{flagathlete|[[André Darrigade]]|FRA}} || 174 || {{flagathlete|[[Jean Gainche]]|FRA}} || 169 || {{flagathlete|[[Guido Carlesi]]|ITA}}|| 148
|-
|[[1962 Tour de France|1962]] || {{flagathlete|[[Rudi Altig]]|FRG}} || 173 || {{flagathlete|[[Emile Daems]]|BEL}} || 144 || {{flagathlete|[[Jean Graczyk]]|FRA}} || 140
|-
|[[1963 Tour de France|1963]] || {{flagathlete|[[Rik Van Looy]]|BEL}} || 275 || {{flagathlete|[[Jacques Anquetil]]|FRA}} || 138 || {{flagathlete|[[Federico Bahamontes]]|ESP}} || 123
|-
|[[1964 Tour de France|1964]] || {{flagathlete|[[Jan Janssen (cyclist)|Jan Janssen]]|NED}} || 208 || {{flagathlete|[[Edward Sels]]|BEL}} || 199 ||{{flagathlete|[[Rudi Altig]]|FRG}} || 165
|-
|[[1965 Tour de France|1965]] || {{flagathlete|[[Jan Janssen (cyclist)|Jan Janssen]]|NED}} || 144 || {{flagathlete|[[Guido Reybrouck]]|BEL}} || 130 ||{{flagathlete|[[Felice Gimondi]]|ITA}} || 124
|-
|[[1966 Tour de France|1966]] || {{flagathlete|[[Willy Planckaert]]|BEL}} || 211 || {{flagathlete|[[Gerben Karstens]]|NED}} || 189 || {{flagathlete|[[Edward Sels]]|BEL}} || 178
|-
|[[1967 Tour de France|1967]] || {{flagathlete|[[Jan Janssen (cyclist)|Jan Janssen]]|NED}} || 154 || {{flagathlete|[[Guido Reybrouck]]|BEL}} || 119 ||{{flagathlete|[[Georges Vandenberghe]]|BEL}} || 111
|-
|[[1968 Tour de France|1968]] || {{flagathlete|[[Franco Bitossi]]|ITA}} || 241 || {{flagathlete|[[Walter Godefroot]]|BEL}} || 219 || {{flagathlete|[[Jan Janssen (cyclist)|Jan Janssen]]|NED}} || 200
|-
|[[1969 Tour de France|1969]] || {{flagathlete|[[Eddy Merckx]]|BEL}} || 244 || {{flagathlete|[[Jan Janssen (cyclist)|Jan Janssen]]|NED}} || 149 ||{{flagathlete|[[Marinus Wagtmans]]|NED}} || 136
|-
|[[1970 Tour de France|1970]] || {{flagathlete|[[Walter Godefroot]]|BEL}} || 212 || {{flagathlete|[[Eddy Merckx]]|BEL}} || 207 || {{flagathlete|[[Marino Basso]]|ITA}}|| 161
|-
|[[1971 Tour de France|1971]] || {{flagathlete|[[Eddy Merckx]]|BEL}} || 202 || {{flagathlete|[[Cyrille Guimard]]|FRA}} || 186 || {{flagathlete|[[Gerben Karstens]]|NED}}|| 107
|-
|[[1972 Tour de France|1972]] || {{flagathlete|[[Eddy Merckx]]|BEL}} || 196 || {{flagathlete|[[Rik Van Linden]]|BEL}} || 135 || {{flagathlete|[[Joop Zoetemelk]]|NED}}|| 132
|-
|[[1973 Tour de France|1973]] || {{flagathlete|[[Herman Van Springel]]|BEL}} || 187 || {{flagathlete|[[Joop Zoetemelk]]|NED}} || 168 || {{flagathlete|[[Luis Ocaña]]|ESP}} || 145
|-
|[[1974 Tour de France|1974]] || {{flagathlete|[[Patrick Sercu]]|BEL}} || 283 || {{flagathlete|[[Eddy Merckx]]|BEL}} || 270 || {{flagathlete|[[Barry Hoban]]|GBR}} || 170
|-
|[[1975 Tour de France|1975]] || {{flagathlete|[[Rik Van Linden]]|BEL}} || 342 || {{flagathlete|[[Eddy Merckx]]|BEL}} || 240 || {{flagathlete|[[Francesco Moser]]|ITA}}|| 199
|-
|[[1976 Tour de France|1976]] || {{flagathlete|[[Freddy Maertens]]|BEL}} || 293 || {{flagathlete|[[Pierino Gavazzi]]|ITA}} || 140 || {{flagathlete|[[Jacques Esclassan]]|FRA}} || 128
|-
|[[1977 Tour de France|1977]] || {{flagathlete|[[Jacques Esclassan]]|FRA}} || 236 || {{flagathlete|[[Giacinto Santambrogio]]|ITA}} || 140 ||{{flagathlete|[[Dietrich Thurau]]|GER}} || 137
|-
|[[1978 Tour de France|1978]] || {{flagathlete|[[Freddy Maertens]]|BEL}} || 242 || {{flagathlete|[[Jacques Esclassan]]|FRA}} || 189 || {{flagathlete|[[Bernard Hinault]]|FRA}} || 123
|-
|[[1979 Tour de France|1979]] || {{flagathlete|[[Bernard Hinault]]|FRA}} || 253 || {{flagathlete|[[Dietrich Thurau]]|GER}} || 157 || {{flagathlete|[[Joop Zoetemelk]]|NED}} || 109
|-
|[[1980 Tour de France|1980]] || {{flagathlete|[[Rudy Pevenage]]|BEL}} || 194 || {{flagathlete|[[Sean Kelly (cyclist)|Sean Kelly]]|IRL}} || 153 ||{{flagathlete|[[Ludo Peeters]]|BEL}} || 148
|-
|[[1981 Tour de France|1981]] || {{flagathlete|[[Freddy Maertens]]|BEL}} || 428 || {{flagathlete|[[William Tackaert]]|BEL}} || 222 || {{flagathlete|[[Bernard Hinault]]|FRA}} || 184
|-
|[[1982 Tour de France|1982]] || {{flagathlete|[[Sean Kelly (cyclist)|Sean Kelly]]|IRL}} || 429 || {{flagathlete|[[Bernard Hinault]]|FRA}} || 152 ||{{flagathlete|[[Phil Anderson (cyclist)|Phil Anderson]]|AUS}} || 149
|-
|[[1983 Tour de France|1983]] || {{flagathlete|[[Sean Kelly (cyclist)|Sean Kelly]]|IRL}} || 360 || {{flagathlete|[[Frits Pirard]]|NED}} || 144 ||{{flagathlete|[[Laurent Fignon]]|FRA}} || 126
|-
|[[1984 Tour de France|1984]] || {{flagathlete|[[Frank Hoste]]|BEL}} || 322 || {{flagathlete|[[Sean Kelly (cyclist)|Sean Kelly]]|IRL}} || 318 ||{{flagathlete|[[Eric Vanderaerden]]|BEL}} || 247
|-
|[[1985 Tour de France|1985]] || {{flagathlete|[[Sean Kelly (cyclist)|Sean Kelly]]|IRL}} || 434 || {{flagathlete|[[Greg LeMond]]|USA}} || 332 ||{{flagathlete|[[Stephen Roche]]|IRL}} || 279
|-
|[[1986 Tour de France|1986]] || {{flagathlete|[[Eric Vanderaerden]]|BEL}} || 277 || {{flagathlete|[[Jozef Lieckens]]|BEL}} || 232 || {{flagathlete|[[Bernard Hinault]]|FRA}} || 210
|-
|[[1987 Tour de France|1987]] || {{flagathlete|[[Jean-Paul van Poppel]]|NED}} || 263 || {{flagathlete|[[Stephen Roche]]|IRL}} || 247 || {{flagathlete|[[Pedro Delgado]]|ESP}} || 228
|-
|[[1988 Tour de France|1988]] || {{flagathlete|[[Eddy Planckaert]]|BEL}} || 278 || {{flagathlete|[[Davis Phinney]]|USA}} || 193 || {{flagathlete|[[Sean Kelly (cyclist)|Sean Kelly]]|IRL}} || 183
|-
|[[1989 Tour de France|1989]] || {{flagathlete|[[Sean Kelly (cyclist)|Sean Kelly]]|IRL}} || 277 || {{flagathlete|[[Etienne De Wilde]]|BEL}} || 194 ||{{flagathlete|[[Steven Rooks]]|NED}} || 163
|-
|[[1990 Tour de France|1990]] || {{flagathlete|[[Olaf Ludwig]]|GDR}} || 256 || {{flagathlete|[[Johan Museeuw]]|BEL}} || 221 || {{flagathlete|[[Erik Breukink]]|NED}} || 118
|-
|[[1991 Tour de France|1991]] || {{flagathlete|[[Djamolidine Abdoujaparov]]|URS}} || 316 || {{flagathlete|[[Laurent Jalabert]]|FRA}} || 263 ||{{flagathlete|[[Olaf Ludwig]]|GER}} || 175
|-
|[[1992 Tour de France|1992]] || {{flagathlete|[[Laurent Jalabert]]|FRA}} || 293 || {{flagathlete|[[Johan Museeuw]]|BEL}} || 262 || {{flagathlete|[[Claudio Chiappucci]]|ITA}} || 202
|-
|[[1993 Tour de France|1993]] || {{flagathlete|[[Djamolidine Abdoujaparov]]|UZB}} || 298 || {{flagathlete|[[Johan Museeuw]]|BEL}} || 157 || {{flagathlete|[[Maximillian Sciandri]]|ITA}} || 153
|-
|[[1994 Tour de France|1994]] || {{flagathlete|[[Djamolidine Abdoujaparov]]|UZB}} || 322 || {{flagathlete|[[Silvio Martinello]]|ITA}} || 273 ||{{flagathlete|[[Ján Svorada]]|SVK}} || 230
|-
|[[1995 Tour de France|1995]] || {{flagathlete|[[Laurent Jalabert]]|FRA}} || 333 || {{flagathlete|[[Djamolidine Abdoujaparov]]|UZB}} || 271 || {{flagathlete|[[Miguel Indurain]]|ESP}} || 180
|-
|[[1996 Tour de France|1996]] || {{flagathlete|[[Erik Zabel]]|GER}} || 335 || {{flagathlete|[[Frederic Moncassin]]|FRA}} || 284 || {{flagathlete|[[Fabio Baldato]]|ITA}}|| 255
|-
|[[1997 Tour de France|1997]] || {{flagathlete|[[Erik Zabel]]|GER}} || 350 || {{flagathlete|[[Frederic Moncassin]]|FRA}} || 223 || {{flagathlete|[[Mario Traversoni]]|ITA}} || 198
|-
|[[1998 Tour de France|1998]] || {{flagathlete|[[Erik Zabel]]|GER}} || 327 || {{flagathlete|[[Stuart O'Grady]]|AUS}} || 230 || {{flagathlete|[[Tom Steels]]|BEL}} || 221
|-
|[[1999 Tour de France|1999]] || {{flagathlete|[[Erik Zabel]]|GER}} || 323 || {{flagathlete|[[Stuart O'Grady]]|AUS}} || 275 || {{flagathlete|[[Christophe Capelle]]|FRA}} || 196
|-
|[[2000 Tour de France|2000]] || {{flagathlete|[[Erik Zabel]]|GER}} || 321 || {{flagathlete|[[Robbie McEwen]]|AUS}} || 203 || {{flagathlete|[[Romans Vainšteins]]|LAT}}|| 184
|-
|[[2001 Tour de France|2001]] || {{flagathlete|[[Erik Zabel]]|GER}} || 252 || {{flagathlete|[[Stuart O'Grady]]|AUS}} || 244 || {{flagathlete|[[Damien Nazon]]|FRA}} || 169
|-
|[[2002 Tour de France|2002]] || {{flagathlete|[[Robbie McEwen]]|AUS}} || 280 || {{flagathlete|[[Erik Zabel]]|GER}} || 261 || {{flagathlete|[[Stuart O'Grady]]|AUS}} || 208
|-
|[[2003 Tour de France|2003]] || {{flagathlete|[[Baden Cooke]]|AUS}} || 216 || {{flagathlete|[[Robbie McEwen]]|AUS}} || 214 || {{flagathlete|[[Erik Zabel]]|GER}} || 188
|-
|[[2004 Tour de France|2004]] || {{flagathlete|[[Robbie McEwen]]|AUS}} || 272 ||{{flagathlete|[[Thor Hushovd]]|NOR}} || 247 || {{flagathlete|[[Erik Zabel]]|GER}} || 245
|-
|[[2005 Tour de France|2005]] || {{flagathlete|[[Thor Hushovd]]|NOR}} || 194 || {{flagathlete|[[Stuart O'Grady]]|AUS}} || 182 || {{flagathlete|[[Robbie McEwen]]|AUS}}|| 178
|-
|[[2006 Tour de France|2006]] || {{flagathlete|[[Robbie McEwen]]|AUS}} || 288 || {{flagathlete|[[Erik Zabel]]|GER}} || 199 ||{{flagathlete|[[Thor Hushovd]]|NOR}} || 195
|-
|[[2007 Tour de France|2007]] || {{flagathlete|[[Tom Boonen]]|BEL}} || 256 || {{flagathlete|[[Robert Hunter (cyclist)|Robert Hunter]]|RSA}} || 234 || {{flagathlete|[[Erik Zabel]]|GER}} || 232
|-
|[[2008 Tour de France|2008]] || {{flagathlete|[[Óscar Freire]]|ESP}} || 270 || {{flagathlete|[[Thor Hushovd]]|NOR}} || 220 ||{{flagathlete|[[Erik Zabel]]|GER}} || 217
|-
|[[2009 Tour de France|2009]] || {{flagathlete|[[Thor Hushovd]]|NOR}} || 280 || {{flagathlete|[[Mark Cavendish]]|GBR}} || 270 ||{{flagathlete|[[Gerald Ciolek]]|GER}} || 172
|-
|[[2010 Tour de France|2010]] || {{flagathlete|[[Alessandro Petacchi]]|ITA}} || 243 || {{flagathlete|[[Mark Cavendish]]|GBR}} || 232 || {{flagathlete|[[Thor Hushovd]]|NOR}} || 222
|-
|[[2011 Tour de France|2011]] || {{flagathlete|[[Mark Cavendish]]|GBR}} || 334 || {{flagathlete|[[José Joaquín Rojas]]|ESP}} || 272 || {{flagathlete|[[Philippe Gilbert]]|BEL}} || 236
|-
|[[2012 Tour de France|2012]] || {{flagathlete|[[Peter Sagan]]|SVK}} || 421 || {{flagathlete|[[André Greipel]]|GER}} || 280 || {{flagathlete|[[Matthew Goss]]|AUS}} || 260
|-
|[[2013 Tour de France|2013]] || {{flagathlete|[[Peter Sagan]]|SVK}} || 409 || {{flagathlete|[[Mark Cavendish]]|GBR}} || 312 || {{flagathlete|[[André Greipel]]|GER}} || 267
|-
|[[2014 Tour de France|2014]] || {{flagathlete|[[Peter Sagan]]|SVK}} || 431 || {{flagathlete|[[Alexander Kristoff]]|NOR}} || 282 || {{flagathlete|[[Bryan Coquard]]|FRA}} || 271
|-
|[[2015 Tour de France|2015]] || {{flagathlete|[[Peter Sagan]]|SVK}} || 432 || {{flagathlete|[[André Greipel]]|GER}} || 366 || {{flagathlete|[[John Degenkolb]]|GER}} || 298
|-
|[[2016 Tour de France|2016]] || {{flagathlete|[[Peter Sagan]]|SVK}} || 470 || {{flagathlete|[[Marcel Kittel]]|GER}} || 228 || {{flagathlete|[[Michael Matthews (cyclist)|Michael Matthews]]|AUS}} || 199
|-
|[[2017 Tour de France|2017]] || {{flagathlete|[[Michael Matthews (cyclist)|Michael Matthews]]|AUS}} || 370 || {{flagathlete|[[André Greipel]]|GER}} || 234 || {{flagathlete|[[Edvald Boasson Hagen]]|NOR}} || 220
|}
 
===Kazanma serileri===
{| class="wikitable"
|-
!Sıra
!Adı
!Ülkesi
!Kazanma sayısı
!Yıllar
|-
|1 || [[Erik Zabel]] || {{GER}} ||align=center| 6 ||align=right| [[1996 Tour de France|1996]], [[1997 Tour de France|1997]], [[1998 Tour de France|1998]], [[1999 Tour de France|1999]], [[2000 Tour de France|2000]], [[2001 Tour de France|2001]]
|-
|2 || '''[[Peter Sagan]]''' || {{SVK}} ||align=center| 5 ||align=right| [[2012 Tour de France|2012]], [[2013 Tour de France|2013]], [[2014 Tour de France|2014]], [[2015 Tour de France|2015]], [[2016 Tour de France|2016]]
|-
|3 || [[Sean Kelly (cyclist)|Sean Kelly]] || {{IRL}} ||align=center| 4 ||align=right| [[1982 Tour de France|1982]], [[1983 Tour de France|1983]], [[1985 Tour de France|1985]], [[1989 Tour de France|1989]]
|-
|rowspan=5| 4 || [[Jan Janssen (cyclist)|Jan Janssen]] || {{NED}} ||align=center| 3 ||align=right| [[1964 Tour de France|1964]], [[1965 Tour de France|1965]], [[1967 Tour de France|1967]]
|-
| [[Eddy Merckx]] || {{BEL}} ||align=center| 3 ||align=right| [[1969 Tour de France|1969]], [[1971 Tour de France|1971]], [[1972 Tour de France|1972]]
|-
| [[Freddy Maertens]] || {{BEL}} ||align=center| 3 ||align=right| [[1976 Tour de France|1976]], [[1978 Tour de France|1978]], [[1981 Tour de France|1981]]
|-
| [[Djamolidine Abdoujaparov]] || {{UZB}} ||align=center| 3 ||align=right| [[1991 Tour de France|1991]], [[1993 Tour de France|1993]], [[1994 Tour de France|1994]]
|-
| [[Robbie McEwen]] || {{AUS}} ||align=center| 3 ||align=right| [[2002 Tour de France|2002]], [[2004 Tour de France|2004]], [[2006 Tour de France|2006]]
 
|-
|rowspan=5| 9 || [[Stan Ockers]] || {{BEL}} ||align=center| 2 ||align=right| [[1955 Tour de France|1955]], [[1956 Tour de France|1956]]
|-
| [[Jean Graczyk]] || {{FRA}} ||align=center| 2 ||align=right| [[1958 Tour de France|1958]], [[1960 Tour de France|1960]]
|-
|[[André Darrigade]] || {{FRA}} ||align=center| 2 ||align=right| [[1959 Tour de France|1959]], [[1961 Tour de France|1961]]
|-
|[[Laurent Jalabert]] || {{FRA}} ||align=center| 2 ||align=right| [[1992 Tour de France|1992]], [[1995 Tour de France|1995]]
|-
|[[Thor Hushovd]] || {{NOR}} ||align=center| 2 ||align=right| [[2005 Tour de France|2005]], [[2009 Tour de France|2009]]
|}
 
===Milliyetine göre===
{| class="wikitable"
|-
!Sırası
!Ülke
!Kazanma sayısı
|-
| 1 || {{ BEL }} || 19
|-
| 2 || {{ FRA }} || 9
|-
| 3 || {{ GER }} || 8
|-
| 4 || {{ AUS }} || 5
|-
| = || {{ SVK }} || 5
|-
| 6 || {{ IRL }} || 4
|-
| = || {{ NED }} || 4
|-
| 8 || {{ UZB }} || 3
|-
| 9 || {{ ITA }} || 2
|-
| = || {{ NOR }} || 2
|-
| = || {{ SUI }} || 2
|-
| 12 || {{ ESP }} || 1
|-
| = || {{ GBR }} || 1
|}
 
== Dış bağlantılar ==
26.620

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