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Meksika'nın idari bölümleri

Meksika, 31 eyalet ve 1 federal bölge olmak üzere toplam 32 üst idari birime ayrılan bir federal cumhuriyettir. 1917'de yürürlüğe giren anayasaya göre her eyalet özgür ve egemen kabul edilir. Başkent Meksiko'nun yer aldığı federal bölge hariç her eyaletin kendi kongresi ve anayasası vardır.

İçindekiler

Meksika'nın federal yapılarıDüzenle

 
Meksika'nın idari bölünüşü

Federal bölgeDüzenle

Yapı Resmî Adı Bayrak Yüzölçümü Nüfus (2010)[1] Kuruluş Tarihi
Ciudad de México Distrito Federal
(Federal Bölge)
  0 1,485 km²
(573.4 sq mi)
08,720,916 181912141824-11-18[2]

EyaletlerDüzenle

Meksika'nın Eyaletleri
Eyalet Resmî Adı

Estado Libre y Soberano de:

Bayrak Başkent En Büyük Şehir Yüzölçümü[3] Nüfus (2010)[1] Federasyona
Katılım Sırası
Federasyona
Katılım Tarihi
Aguascalientes Aguascalientes   Aguascalientes Aguascalientes 0056185.618 km2 (2.169 sq mi) 011849961,184,996 24&0000000000000024.00000024 185702051857-02-05[4]
Baja California Baja California   Mexicali Tijuana 07144671.446 km2 (27.585 sq mi) 031550703,155,070 29&0000000000000029.00000029 195201161952-01-16[5]
Baja California Sur Baja California Sur   La Paz La Paz 07392273.922 km2 (28.541 sq mi) 00637026637,026 31&0000000000000031.00000031 197410081974-10-08[6]
Campeche Campeche   San Francisco de Campeche San Francisco de Campeche 05792457.924 km2 (22.365 sq mi) 00822441822,441 25&0000000000000025.00000025 186304291863-04-29[7]
Chiapas Chiapas   Tuxtla Gutiérrez Tuxtla Gutiérrez 07328973.289 km2 (28.297 sq mi) 047965804,796,580 19&0000000000000019.00000019 182409141824-09-14[8]
Chihuahua Chihuahua   Chihuahua Ciudad Juárez 247455247.455 km2 (95.543 sq mi) 034064653,406,465 18&0000000000000018.00000018 182407061824-07-06[8]
Coahuila1 4 Coahuila de Zaragoza   Saltillo Torreón 151563151.563 km2 (58.519 sq mi) 027483912,748,391 16&0000000000000016.00000016 182405071824-05-07[8]
Colima6 Colima   Colima Manzanillo 0056255.625 km2 (2.172 sq mi) 00650,555 650,555 23&0000000000000023.00000023 185609121856-09-12[9][10]
Durango Durango   Victoria de Durango Victoria de Durango 123451123.451 km2 (47.665 sq mi) 016329341,632,934 17&0000000000000017.00000017 182405221824-05-22[8]
Guanajuato Guanajuato   Guanajuato León 03060830.608 km2 (11.818 sq mi) 054863725,486,372 02&0000000000000002.0000002 182312201823-12-20[8]
Guerrero Guerrero   Chilpancingo de los Bravo Acapulco 06362163.621 km2 (24.564 sq mi) 033887683,388,768 21&0000000000000021.00000021 184910271849-10-27[11]
Hidalgo Hidalgo   Pachuca Pachuca 02084620.846 km2 (8.049 sq mi) 026650182,665,018 26&0000000000000026.00000026 186901161869-01-16[12]
Jalisco Jalisco   Guadalajara Guadalajara 07859978.599 km2 (30.347 sq mi) 073506827,350,682 09&0000000000000009.0000009 182312231823-12-23[8]
México México   Toluca de Lerdo Ecatepec de Morelos 02235722.357 km2 (8.632 sq mi) 1517586215,175,862 01&0000000000000001.0000001 182312201823-12-20[8]
Michoacán Michoacán de Ocampo   Morelia Morelia 05864358.643 km2 (22.642 sq mi) 043510374,351,037 05&0000000000000005.0000005 182312221823-12-22[8]
Morelos Morelos   Cuernavaca Cuernavaca 0048934.893 km2 (1.889 sq mi) 017772271,777,227 27&0000000000000027.00000027 186904171869-04-17[13]
Nayarit Nayarit   Tepic Tepic 02781527.815 km2 (10.739 sq mi) 010849791,084,979 28&0000000000000028.00000028 191701261917-01-26[14]
Nuevo León4 Nuevo León   Monterrey Monterrey 06422064.220 km2 (24.800 sq mi) 046534584,653,458 15&0000000000000015.00000015 182405071824-05-07[8]
Oaxaca Oaxaca   Oaxaca de Juárez Oaxaca de Juárez 09379393.793 km2 (36.214 sq mi) 038019623,801,962 03&0000000000000003.0000003 182312211823-12-21[8]
Puebla Puebla   Puebla de Zaragoza Puebla de Zaragoza 03429034.290 km2 (13.240 sq mi) 057798295,779,829 04&0000000000000004.0000004 182312211823-12-21[8]
Querétaro Querétaro de Arteaga   Santiago de Querétaro Santiago de Querétaro 01168411.684 km2 (4.511 sq mi) 018279371,827,937 11&0000000000000011.00000011 182312231823-12-23[8]
Quintana Roo Quintana Roo   Chetumal Cancún 04236142.361 km2 (16.356 sq mi) 013255781,325,578 30&0000000000000030.00000030 197410081974-10-08[15]
San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí   San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí 06098360.983 km2 (23.546 sq mi) 025855182,585,518 06&0000000000000006.0000006 182312221823-12-22[8]
Sinaloa Sinaloa   Culiacán Culiacán 05737757.377 km2 (22.153 sq mi) 027677612,767,761 20&0000000000000020.00000020 183010141830-10-14[16]
Sonora2 Sonora   Hermosillo Hermosillo 179503179.503 km2 (69.306 sq mi) 026624802,662,480 12&0000000000000012.00000012 182401101824-01-10[8]
Tabasco5 Tabasco   Villahermosa Villahermosa 02473824.738 km2 (9.551 sq mi) 022386032,238,603 13&0000000000000013.00000013 182402071824-02-07[8]
Tamaulipas4 Tamaulipas   Ciudad Victoria Reynosa 08017580.175 km2 (30.956 sq mi) 032685543,268,554 14&0000000000000014.00000014 182402071824-02-07[8]
Tlaxcala Tlaxcala   Tlaxcala Vicente Guerrero 0039913.991 km2 (1.541 sq mi) 011699361,169,936 22&0000000000000022.00000022 185612091856-12-09[17]
Veracruz Veracruz de
Ignacio de la Llave
  Xalapa Veracruz 07182071.820 km2 (27.730 sq mi) 076431947,643,194 07&0000000000000007.0000007 182312221823-12-22[8]
Yucatán3 Yucatán   Mérida Mérida 03961239.612 km2 (15.294 sq mi) 019555771,955,577 08&0000000000000008.0000008 182312231823-12-23[8]
Zacatecas Zacatecas   Zacatecas Zacatecas 07553975.539 km2 (29.166 sq mi) 014906681,490,668 10&0000000000000010.00000010 182312231823-12-23[8]

KaynakçaDüzenle