Kullanıcı:Mukaddime/Bilim kadınları (20. yüzyıl)

Orijinal liste: (en:List of female scientists in the 20th century)

Diğer bilim kadınları listeleri için:

AntropolojiDüzenle

Margaret Mead
  • Marjorie F. Lambert (1908-2006) American archeologist and anthropologist who studied Southwestern Puebloan peoples
  • Dorothea Leighton (1908–1989), American social psychiatrist, founded the field of medical anthropology
  • Katharine Luomala (1907–1992), American anthropologist
  • Margaret Mead (1901–1978), American anthropologist
  • Grete Mostny (1914–1991), Austrian-born Chilean anthropologist and archaeologist

ArkeolojiDüzenle

  • Sonia Alconini (1965-), Bolivian archaeologist of the Formative Period of the Lake Titicaca basin
  • Birgit Arrhenius (born 1932) Swedish archaeologist
  • Dorothea Bate (1878–1951), British archaeologist and pioneer of archaeozoology.
  • Alex Bayliss British archaeologist
  • Crystal Bennett (1918–1987), British archaeologist whose research focused on Jordan
  • Zeineb Benzina Tunisian archeologist
  • Jole Bovio Marconi (1897–1986), Italian archaeologist and prehistorian
  • Juliet Clutton-Brock (1933–2015), British zooarchaeologist who specialized in domestic animals
  • Dorothy Charlesworth (1927–1981), British archaeologist and expert on Roman glass
  • Lily Chitty (1893–1979), British archaeologist who specialized in the preshistoric history of Wales and the [west of England]
  • Mary Kitson Clark (1905–2005), British archaeologist best known for her work on the Roman-British in Northern England
  • Bryony Coles (born 1946) British prehistoric archaeologist
  • Alana Cordy-Collins (1944–2015), American archaeologist specializing in Peruvian prehistory
  • Rosemary Cramp (born 1929), British archaeologist whose research focuses on Anglo-Saxons in Britain
  • Joan Breton Connelly American classical archaeologist
  • Margaret Conkey (born 1943), American archaeologist
  • Hester A. Davis, (1930–2014), American archaeologist who was instrumental in establishing public policy and ethical standards
  • Frederica de Laguna (1906–2004), American archaeologist best known for her work on the archaeology of the Pacific Northwest and Alaska
  • Kelly Dixon American archaeologist specializing in the American West
  • Janette Deacon (1939-), South African archaeologist specializing in rock art conservation
  • Elizabeth Eames (1918–2008), British archaeologist who was an expert on medieval tiles
  • Anabel Ford (born 1951) American archaeologist
  • Aileen Fox (1907–2005), British archaeologist known excavating prehistoric and Roman sites throughout the United Kingdom
  • Alison Frantz (1903–1995), American archaeological photographer and Byzantine scholar
  • Honor Frost (1917–2010), Turkish archaeologist who specialized in underwater archaeology
  • Perla Fuscaldo (born 1941), Argentine egyptologist
  • Elizabeth Baldwin Garland American archaeologist
  • Kathleen K. Gilmore (1914–2010), American archaeologist known for her research in Spanish colonial archaeology
  • *Dorothy Garrod (1892–1968), British archaeologist who specialized in the Palaeolithic period
  • Roberta Gilchrist (born 1965), Canadian archaeologist specializing in medieval Britain
  • Marija Gimbutas (1921–1994), Lithuanian archaeologist (Kurgan hypothesis)
  • Hetty Goldman (1881–1972), American archaeologist and one of the first female archaeologists to conduct excavations in the Middle East and Greece
  • Anna Maria Groot (born 1952), Columbian archaeologist
  • Audrey Henshall (born 1927), British archaeologist and prehistorian
  • Corinne Hofman (born 1959) Dutch archaeologist
  • Cynthia Irwin-Williams (1936–1990), American archaeologist of the prehistoric Southwest
  • Wilhelmina Feemster Jashemski (1910–2007), American archaeologist who specialized in the ancient site of Pompei
  • Margaret Ursula Jones (1916–2001) British archaeologist best known for directing Britain's largest archaeological excavation at Mucking, Essex
  • Rosemary Joyce (born 1956), American archaeologist who uncovered chocolate's archaeological record and studies Honduran pre-history
  • Kathleen Kenyon (1906–1978), British archaeologist known for her research on the Neolothic culture in Egypt and Mesopotamia
  • Alice Kober (1906–1950), American classical archaeologist best known for her research that led to the deciphering of Linear B
  • Kristina Killgrove (born 1977), American bioarchaeologist
  • Winifred Lamb (1894–1963), British archaeologist
  • Mary Leakey (1913–1996), British archaeologist known for discovering Proconsul remains which are now believed to be human's ancestor
  • Li Liu (archaeologist) (born 1953) Chinese-American archaeologist specializing in Neolithic and Bronze Age China
  • Anna Marguerite McCann (1933–2017), American archaeologist known for her work in underwater archaeology
  • Isabel McBryde (1934-), Australian archaeologist
  • Betty Meehan (1933-), Australian anthropologist and archaeologist
  • Audrey Meaney (born 1931) is a British archaeologist and expert on Anglo-Saxon England
  • Margaret Murray (1863–1963), British-Indian Egyptologist and the first woman to be appointed a lecturer in archaeology in the United Kingdom
  • Bertha Parker Pallan (1907–1978), American archaeologist known for being the first female Native American archaeologist
  • Charlotte Roberts (born 1957), British bioarchaeologist
  • Margaret Rule (1928–2015) British archaeologist led the excavation of the Tudor Warship Mary Rose'
  • Elisabeth Ruttkay, (1926–2009), Austrian Neolithic and Bronze Age specialist
  • Hanna Rydh (1891–1964), Swedish archaeologist and prehistorian
  • Elizabeth Slater (1946–2014) British archaeologist who specialized in British archaeologist archaeometallurgy
  • Julie K. Stein Researches prehistoric humans in the Pacific Northwest
  • Hoang Thi Than (born 1944), Vietnamese geological engineer and archaeologist
  • Birgitta Wallace (born 1944), Swedish–Canadian archaeologist whose research focuses on Norse migration to North America.
  • Zheng Zhenxiang, (1929-), Chinese archaeologist and Bronze Age specialist

AstronomiDüzenle

BiyolojiDüzenle

Barbara McClintock
  • Bertha Cady (1873–1956), American entomologist and educator
  • Audrey Cahn (1905–2008) Australian microbiologist and nutritionist
  • Eleanor Carothers (1882–1957), American zoologist, geneticist and cytologist
  • Rachel Carson (1907–1964), American marine biologist and conservationist
  • Edith Katherine Cash (1890–1992), American mycologist and lichenologist
  • Ann Chapman (1937–2009), New Zealand biologist and limnologist
  • Martha Chase (1927–2003), American molecular biologist

KimyaDüzenle

Alice Ball
  • Maria Abbracchio, (1956-) Italian pharmacologist who works with purinergic receptors and identified GPR17. On Reuter's most cited list since 2006.

JeolojiDüzenle

=Matematik ve bilgisayar bilimleriDüzenle

  • Hertha Marks Ayrton (1854–1923), British mathematician and electrical engineer (electric arcs, sand ripples, invention of several devices, geometry)
  • Anita Borg (1949–2003), American computer scientist, founder of the Institute for Women and Technology
  • Mary L. Cartwright (1900–1998), British mathematician[6]
  • Amanda Chessell, British computer scientist
  • Ingrid Daubechies (1954–), Belgian mathematician (Wavelets - first woman to receive the National Academy of Sciences Award in Mathematics)

Bilim eğitimiDüzenle

MühendislikDüzenle


TıpDüzenle

  • Helen Mayo (1878–1967), Australian doctor and pioneer in preventing infant mortality
  • Frances Gertrude McGill (1882–1959), Canadian forensic pathologist
  • Eleanor Montague (born 1926), American radiologist and radiotherapist
  • Anne B. Newman (1955- ), US Geriatrics & Gerontology expert
  • Antonia Novello (1944-), Puerto Rican physician and Surgeon General of the United States
  • Dorothea Orem (1914–2007), Nursing theorist
  • Ida Ørskov (1922–2007), Danish bacteriologist
  • May Owen (1892–1988), Texas pathologist, discovered talcum powder used on surgical gloves caused infection and peritoneal scarring
  • Angeliki Panajiotatou (1875–1954), Greek physician and microbiologist
  • Kathleen I. Pritchard (1956-), Canadian oncologist, breast cancer researcher and noted as one of Reuter's most cited scientists.
  • Frieda Robscheit-Robbins (1888–1973), German-American pathologist
  • Ora Mendelsohn Rosen (1935–1990), American medical researcher
  • Una Ryan, (1941) Malaysian born-American, heart disease researcher, biotech vaccine and diagnostics maker/marketer
  • Una M. Ryan, (1966) patented DNA test identifying the protozoan parasite Cryptosporidium
  • Velma Scantlebury, (1955) first woman of African descent to become a transplant surgeon in the U.S.
  • Lise Thiry (born 1921), Belgian virologist, senator
  • Helen Rodríguez Trías (1929–2001), Puerto Rican American pediatrician and advocate for women's reproductive rights
  • Marie Stopes (1880–-1958) British paleobotanist and pioneer in birth control
  • Elizabeth M. Ward, American epidemiologist and head of the Epidemiology and Surveillance Research Department of the American Cancer Society
  • Elsie Widdowson (1908–2000), British nutritionist
  • Fiona Wood, (1958–), British-Australian plastic surgeon

PaleoanthropologyDüzenle


FizikDüzenle

 
Maria Goeppert-Mayer
  • Marietta Blau (1894–1970), German experimental particle physicist
  • Nancy M. Dowdy (1938–), Nuclear physicist, arms control[20]
  • Mildred Dresselhaus (1930–), American physicist, graphite, graphite intercalation compounds, fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, and low-dimensional thermoelectrics[21]
 
Emmy Noether
  • Rosalyn Sussman Yalow (1921–2011), American medical physicist (Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine 1977 for radioimmunoassay)
  • Fumiko Yonezawa (born 1938), Japanese theoretical physicist
  • Toshiko Yuasa (1909–1980), Japanese nuclear physicist

PsychologyDüzenle

NotesDüzenle

  1. ^ "Janine Connes". CWP.
  2. ^ "Sandra Faber".  CWP.
  3. ^ "Vera Rubin". 2013-04-24 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi.  CWP.
  4. ^ a b c Rayner-Canham & Rayner-Canham 2001
  5. ^ "Ellen Gleditsch".  CWP.
  6. ^ "Mary L. Cartwright". 2016-10-17 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi.  CWP.
  7. ^ Kenschaft, Patricia C. (2005). Change Is Possible: Stories of Women And Minorities in Mathematics. American Mathematical Society. s. 47. ISBN 978-0-8218-3748-1. Erişim tarihi: 19 October 2012. 
  8. ^ "Fay Ajzenberg-Selove".  CWP.
  9. ^ "Milla Baldo-Ceolin".  CWP.
  10. ^ "Katharine Blodgett".  CWP.
  11. ^ "Christiane Bonnelle".  CWP.
  12. ^ "Jenny Rosenthal Bramley". IEEE Global History Network. IEEE. 2012. Erişim tarihi: 24 October 2013. 
  13. ^ "Jennry Rosenthal Bramley".  CWP.
  14. ^ "Nina Byers". 2014-10-16 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi.  CWP.
  15. ^ "Yvette Cauchois".  CWP.
  16. ^ "Yvonne Choquet-Bruhat".  CWP.
  17. ^ "Patricia Cladis".  CWP.
  18. ^ "Esther Conwell".  CWP.
  19. ^ "Cécile DeWitt-Morette".  CWP.
  20. ^ "Nancy M. Dowdy".  CWP.
  21. ^ "Mildred Dresselhaus".  CWP.
  22. ^ "Helen T. Edwards". 2013-08-06 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi.  CWP.
  23. ^ "Magda Ericson".  CWP.
  24. ^ "Rosslyn Shanks". iwonderweather. Erişim tarihi: 2016-08-18. 
  25. ^ "Joan Feynman".  CWP.
  26. ^ "Judy Franz".  CWP.
  27. ^ "Phyllis S. Freier".  CWP.
  28. ^ "Mary K. Gaillard".  CWP.
  29. ^ "Fanny Gates".  CWP.
  30. ^ "Maria Goeppert-Mayer".  CWP.
  31. ^ "Gertrude Scharff Goldhaber".  CWP.
  32. ^ "Sulamith Goldhaber".  CWP.
  33. ^ "Gail Hanson".  CWP.
  34. ^ "Evans Hayward".  CWP.
  35. ^ "Caroline Herzenberg".  CWP.
  36. ^ "Shirley Jackson (physicist)".  CWP.
  37. ^ "Bertha Swirls Jeffreys".  CWP.
  38. ^ "Renata Kallosh". 2004-09-25 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi.  CWP.
  39. ^ "Berta Karlik".  CWP.
  40. ^ "Bruria Kaufman".  CWP.
  41. ^ "Marcia Keith".  CWP.
  42. ^ "Margaret Kivelson".  CWP.
  43. ^ "Noemie Benczer Koller".  CWP.
  44. ^ "Doris Kuhlmann-Wilsdorf".  CWP.
  45. ^ "Elizabeth Laird".  CWP.
  46. ^ "Juliet Lee-Franzini". 2014-10-16 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi.  CWP.
  47. ^ "Inge Lehmann". 2015-03-19 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi.  CWP.
  48. ^ "Kathleen Lonsdale". 2016-10-05 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi.  CWP.
  49. ^ "Margaret Eliza Maltby".  CWP.
  50. ^ "Helen Megaw". 2016-10-06 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi.  CWP.
  51. ^ Desanka Trbuhovic-Gjuric (1988). Im Schatten Albert Einsteins: Das tragische Leben der Mileva Einstein-Maric. Verlag Paul Haupt Bern und Stuttgart. ISBN 3258039739. 
  52. ^ "Kirstine Meyer".  CWP.
  53. ^ "Luise Meyer-Schutzmeister".  CWP.
  54. ^ "Marcia Neugebauer".  CWP.
  55. ^ "Gertrude Neumark".  CWP.
  56. ^ "Ida Tacke Noddack". 2013-08-06 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi.  CWP.
  57. ^ "Marguerite Perey".  CWP.
  58. ^ "Melba Phillips".  CWP.
  59. ^ "Agnes Pockels".  CWP.
  60. ^ "P. Ya. Polubarinova-Kochina".  CWP.
  61. ^ "Edith Quimby".  CWP.
  62. ^ "Helen Quinn". 2015-02-27 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi.  CWP.
  63. ^ "Myriam Sarachik".  CWP.
  64. ^ "Bice Sechi-Zorn".  CWP.
  65. ^ "Johanna Levelt Sengers".  CWP.
  66. ^ "Hertha Sponer".  CWP.
  67. ^ "Isabelle Stone".  CWP.
  68. ^ "История Кристаллографии Лаборатория Кристаллооптики Института Кристаллографии Ран" [History of the Crystallography Laboratory Of Crystal-optics of the Institute of Crystallography of the Russian Academy of Sciences]. Кристаллография (Crystallography) (Russian). Moscow, Russia: Издательство МАИК. 55 (6): 1146-1152. 2010. ISSN 0023-4761. 30 May 2017 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 30 May 2017. 
  69. ^ "Katharine Way".  CWP.
  70. ^ "Sau Lan Wu".  CWP.
  71. ^ "Xide Xie".  CWP.
  72. ^ Kemp, Hendrika Vande (2001). "Helen Flanders Dunbar (1902-1959)". The Feminist Psychologist. 28 (1). Erişim tarihi: 24 October 2013. 
  73. ^ Duke, Carla; Fried, Stephen; Pliley, Wilma; Walker, Daley (August 1989). "Contributions to the history of psychology LIX: Rosalie Rayner Watson: The mother of a behaviorist's sons". Psychological Reports. 65 (1): 163–169. doi:10.2466/pr0.1989.65.1.163. 
  74. ^ "Marianne L. Simmel (1923-2010)". American Psychologist. 67 (2): 162. February–March 2012. doi:10.1037/a0026289. 
  75. ^ Brown, A. M.; Lindsey, D. T. (2013). "Infant color vision and color preferences: A tribute to Davida Teller". Visual Neuroscience. 30 (5–6): 1–8. doi:10.1017/S0952523813000114. PMID 23879986. 
  76. ^ "Davida Y. "Vida" Teller, Ph.D". The Seattle Times. Seattle, WA. October 23, 2011. Erişim tarihi: November 20, 2013. 

ReferencesDüzenle

  • Byers, Nina. "Contributions of 20th Century Women to Physics". UCLA. Erişim tarihi: 24 October 2013. 
  • Herzenberg, Caroline L. (1986). Women scientists from antiquity to the present : an index : an international reference listing and biographical directory of some notable women scientists from ancient to modern times. West Cornwall, CT: Locust Hill Press. ISBN 0-933951-01-9. 
  • Howard, Sethanne (2006). The hidden giants. Lulu.com. ISBN 978-1430300762. 
  • Howes, Ruth H.; Herzenberg, Caroline L. (1999). Their day in the sun : women of the Manhattan Project. Philadelphia: Temple Univ. Press. ISBN 1-56639-719-7. 
  • Rayner-Canham, Marelene; Rayner-Canham, Geoffrey (2001). Women in chemistry : their changing roles from alchemical times to the mid-twentieth century. Philadelphia: Chemical Heritage Foundation. ISBN 978-0941901277. 
  • Stevens, Gwendolyn; Gardner, Sheldon (1982). The women of psychology. Cambridge, Mass.: Schenkman. ISBN 9780870734434. 

External linksDüzenle