NBA G League

(D-League sayfasından yönlendirildi)

NBA Development League yani National Basketball Association Development League (D-League) (Türkçe:NBA Gelişim Ligi) NBA'nin bir yan ligidir. Merkez, Güneybatı ve Batı gruplarında bulunan beşer takımla, NBA D-League'de toplamda 15 takım vardır.

NBA Development League
Güncel sezon/turnuva:
2020-21 NBA G League
NBA G League.png
Spor Basketbol
İlk sezon 2001
Takım sayısı 17
Ülke Amerika Birleşik Devletleri ABD
Son şampiyon Rio Grande Valley Vipers
Resmî site NBADLeague resmi web sitesi

TakımlarDüzenle

2021 takımlarıDüzenle

Takım Şehir Arena Kapasite Kuruluş Katılma Koç NBA takımı
Agua Caliente Clippers Ontario, California Toyota Arena 10,832 2017 Paul Hewitt Los Angeles Clippers
Austin Spurs Cedar Park, Texas H-E-B Center at Cedar Park 7,200 2001[a] Matt Nielsen San Antonio Spurs
Canton Charge Canton, Ohio Canton Memorial Civic Center 5,200 2001[b] Nate Reinking Cleveland Cavaliers
Delaware Blue Coats Wilmington, Delaware Chase Fieldhouse 2,500 2007[c] Connor Johnson Philadelphia 76ers
Erie BayHawks[d] Erie, Pennsylvania Erie Insurance Arena 6,750 2019[e] Ryan Pannone New Orleans Pelicans
Fort Wayne Mad Ants Fort Wayne, Indiana Allen County War Memorial Coliseum 13,000 2007 Tom Hankins Indiana Pacers
Greensboro Swarm Greensboro, North Carolina Greensboro Coliseum Fieldhouse 2,500 2016 Jay Hernandez Charlotte Hornets
Iowa Wolves Des Moines, Iowa Wells Fargo Arena 16,110 2007 Sam Newman-Beck Minnesota Timberwolves
Lakeland Magic[d] Lakeland, Florida RP Funding Center 8,178 2008 Stan Heath Orlando Magic
Long Island Nets Uniondale, New York Nassau Coliseum 13,500 2016 Bret Brielmaier Brooklyn Nets
Memphis Hustle Southaven, Mississippi Landers Center 8,362 2017 Jason March Memphis Grizzlies
NBA G League Ignite Walnut Creek, California Exhibition team 2020 Brian Shaw None
Oklahoma City Blue Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Cox Convention Center 13,846 2001[f] Grant Gibbs Oklahoma City Thunder
Raptors 905 Mississauga, Ontario Paramount Fine Foods Centre 5,000 2015 Patrick Mutombo Toronto Raptors[1]
Rio Grande Valley Vipers Edinburg, Texas Bert Ogden Arena 9,000 2007 Mahmoud Abdelfattah Houston Rockets
Salt Lake City Stars Taylorsville, Utah Lifetime Activities Center 5,000 1997[g] 2006 Nathan Peavy Utah Jazz[2]
Santa Cruz Warriors Santa Cruz, California Kaiser Permanente Arena 2,505 1995[h] 2006 Kris Weems Golden State Warriors
Westchester Knicks White Plains, New York Westchester County Center 5,000 2014 Derrick Alston New York Knicks

2021 sezonuna katılmayan takımlarDüzenle

Takım Şehir Arena Kapasite Kuruluş Katılma Koç NBA takımı
Capital City Go-Go Washington, D.C. Entertainment and Sports Arena 4,200[3] 2018 Vacant Washington Wizards
College Park Skyhawks[d] College Park, Georgia Gateway Center Arena 3,500 2017[d] Noel Gillespie Atlanta Hawks[4]
Grand Rapids Drive Walker, Michigan DeltaPlex Arena 4,500 2006[i] Vacant Detroit Pistons
Maine Red Claws Portland, Maine Portland Exposition Building 3,100 2009 Vacant Boston Celtics
Northern Arizona Suns Prescott Valley, Arizona Findlay Toyota Center 5,100 2003[j] 2006 Vacant Phoenix Suns[5]
Sioux Falls Skyforce Sioux Falls, South Dakota Sanford Pentagon 3,250 1989[k] 2006 Vacant Miami Heat
South Bay Lakers El Segundo, California UCLA Health Training Center 750 2006[l] Coby Karl Los Angeles Lakers
Stockton Kings Stockton, California Stockton Arena 11,193 2008[m] Vacant Sacramento Kings
Texas Legends Frisco, Texas Comerica Center 4,500 2006[n] George Galanopoulos Dallas Mavericks
Windy City Bulls Hoffman Estates, Illinois Now Arena 10,000 2016 Vacant Chicago Bulls
Wisconsin Herd Oshkosh, Wisconsin Menominee Nation Arena 3,500 2017 Chase Buford Milwaukee Bucks

Gelecekte katılacak takımlarDüzenle

Takım Şehir Arena Kapasite Kuruluş Kapasite Koç NBA takımı
Birmingham Birmingham, Alabama Legacy Arena 17,654 2019[e] 2021 TBA New Orleans Pelicans
Capitanes de Ciudad de México Mexico City, Mexico Gimnasio Juan de la Barrera 5,242 2017 2021 Ramón Díaz Sánchez None
Motor City Cruise Detroit, Michigan Wayne State Arena 3,000 2003[j] 2021 TBA Detroit Pistons
  1. ^ As the Columbus Riverdragons.
  2. ^ As the Huntsville Flight.
  3. ^ As the Utah Flash.
  4. ^ a b c d The original Erie BayHawks, at the time an affiliate of the Orlando Magic, were fully purchased and moved to Lakeland as the Lakeland Magic starting with the 2017 season. However, the Atlanta Hawks began operating their new development franchise in Erie, before moving it to College Park, Georgia, when their new arena at Georgia International Convention Center was completed. A third franchise began using the BayHawks' name with a new franchise owned by the New Orleans Pelicans in 2019.
  5. ^ a b The New Orleans Pelicans purchased an expansion team that began play as the Erie BayHawks in the 2019–20 season with intentions of moving to Birmingham, Alabama, for the 2021–22 season
  6. ^ As the Asheville Altitude.
  7. ^ Played as the Idaho Stampede in the Continental Basketball Association before joining the NBA D-League in 2006.
  8. ^ As the Dakota Wizards; Played in the International Basketball Association and the Continental Basketball Association before joining the NBA D-League in 2006.
  9. ^ As the Anaheim Arsenal.
  10. ^ a b As the Long Beach Jam in the American Basketball Association. Joined the D-League as the Bakersfield Jam in 2006.
  11. ^ Played in the Continental Basketball Association and the International Basketball League (1999–2001) before joining the NBA D-League in 2006.
  12. ^ As the Los Angeles D-Fenders; did not field a team for the 2010–11 season.
  13. ^ As the Reno Bighorns.
  14. ^ As the Colorado 14ers.

Team ownership and NBA affiliationsDüzenle

Ownership models vary across the NBA G League. Growing willingness among NBA organizations to invest in the G League has led to two main models: direct ownership of G League teams by parent NBA clubs and single-affiliate partnerships in which the G League team remains independently owned while the parent club runs and finances basketball operations.

Parent club direct ownership began in 2006 when the Los Angeles Lakers bought their own NBA D-League franchise, originally known as the Los Angeles D-Fenders and since 2017–18 as the South Bay Lakers. This was followed by the San Antonio Spurs purchasing the Austin Toros (now the Austin Spurs) in 2007, and the Oklahoma City Thunder purchasing the Tulsa 66ers (now the Oklahoma City Blue) in 2008. This led to more NBA teams to either purchase existing franchises or create expansion teams in order to have their own single-affiliation teams. In 2011, the Cleveland Cavaliers purchased the New Mexico Thunderbirds to become the Canton Charge and the Golden State Warriors purchased the Dakota Wizards, with the Warriors moving the Wizards a year later to become the Santa Cruz Warriors. In 2013, the Philadelphia 76ers purchased the inactive Utah Flash and moved them to Newark, Delaware as the Delaware 87ers (now the Delaware Blue Coats, and playing in that state's largest city of Wilmington). In 2014, the New York Knicks became the seventh team to fully own and operate their own NBA D-League affiliate in the Westchester Knicks.[6] In 2015, the Toronto Raptors created their own expansion franchise, the Raptors 905. In 2017, the Timberwolves purchased the Iowa Energy and renamed the team the Iowa Wolves.[7]

In 2009, the Houston Rockets and Rio Grande Valley Vipers pioneered the single-affiliate partnership, also known as the hybrid model. In November 2010, the New Jersey Nets and Springfield Armor announced they would enter into a single-affiliate partnership that began in 2011–12. In June 2011, the New York Knicks and Erie BayHawks announced they would be singly-affiliated. In May 2012, the Portland Trail Blazers entered into a single-affiliation partnership with the Idaho Stampede. The following month, the Boston Celtics and Maine Red Claws announced a single-affiliation partnership. In June 2013, the Miami Heat announced that they had entered into a single-affiliated partnership with the Sioux Falls Skyforce. In July 2013, the Sacramento Kings and Reno Bighorns (now the Stockton Kings) entered into a single-affiliation. The Stampede ended their affiliation with the Trail Blazers after the 2013–14 season and in June 2014 announced their affiliation with the Utah Jazz. The Armor moved to Grand Rapids, Michigan, after the 2013–14 season and affiliated with the Detroit Pistons. From 2014 to 2017, the Memphis Grizzlies had a single-affiliation with the Iowa Energy. In 2015, the last multiple affiliate team, the Fort Wayne Mad Ants, was purchased by the Indiana Pacers making the 2015–16 season the first with all teams having single-affiliations.

In some cases, the hybrid affiliation led to the parent team buying their affiliate's franchise outright. On March 24, 2015, the Utah Jazz purchased their affiliate, the Idaho Stampede, and after one more season in Boise relocated the team to Salt Lake City. On April 11, 2016, the Phoenix Suns purchased their affiliate, the Bakersfield Jam, and announced the immediate relocation of the team to Prescott Valley, Arizona, as the Northern Arizona Suns beginning with the 2016–17 season.[5] On October 20, 2016, the Sacramento Kings bought the majority ownership of their affiliate of the previous eight seasons, the Reno Bighorns,[8] and would eventually move the team to Stockton, California as the Stockton Kings after the 2017–18 G League season.[9] On December 14, 2016, the Magic purchased their affiliate, the Erie BayHawks, with the intention to relocate the team to Lakeland, Florida, in 2017.[10] In 2017, the Miami Heat purchased the controlling interest in the Sioux Falls Skyforce after being its primary affiliate since 2013. In July 2019, the Boston Celtics acquired its affiliate, Maine Red Claws.

Parent club ownership: Agua Caliente Clippers (by the Los Angeles Clippers), Austin Spurs (by the San Antonio Spurs), Birmingham (by the New Orleans Pelicans), Canton Charge (by the Cleveland Cavaliers), Capital City Go-Go (by the Washington Wizards), College Park Skyhawks (by the Atlanta Hawks), Delaware Blue Coats (by the Philadelphia 76ers), Fort Wayne Mad Ants (by the Indiana Pacers), Greensboro Swarm (by the Charlotte Hornets), Iowa Wolves (by the Minnesota Timberwolves), Lakeland Magic (by the Orlando Magic), Long Island Nets (by the Brooklyn Nets), Maine Red Claws (by the Boston Celtics), Memphis Hustle (by the Memphis Grizzlies), Motor City Cruise (by the Detroit Pistons), Oklahoma City Blue (by the Oklahoma City Thunder), Raptors 905 (by the Toronto Raptors), Salt Lake City Stars (by the Utah Jazz), Santa Cruz Warriors (by the Golden State Warriors), Sioux Falls Skyforce (with the Miami Heat), South Bay Lakers (by the Los Angeles Lakers), Stockton Kings (by the Sacramento Kings), Westchester Knicks (by the New York Knicks), the Windy City Bulls (by the Chicago Bulls), and the Wisconsin Herd (by the Milwaukee Bucks).

Single affiliation/hybrid model: Rio Grande Valley Vipers (with the Houston Rockets), and the Texas Legends (with the Dallas Mavericks).

NBA teams without an exclusive affiliate: Denver Nuggets, Phoenix Suns and Portland Trail Blazers.

G League teams without an exclusive affiliate: Grand Rapids Drive, Mexico City Captains

Future expansion teams and locationsDüzenle

Expansion in the league was slow for the first years, but has rapidly increased since the movement towards single-affiliate teams has become the norm.

Confirmed expansion and relocationsDüzenle

On October 24, 2018, the Pelicans announced plans to place their G League team in Birmingham, Alabama, to play in Legacy Arena located in the Birmingham–Jefferson Convention Complex by 2021 or 2022. As the arena needed to be renovated, the Pelicans' affiliate began play the 2019–20 season as the Erie BayHawks after the Atlanta Hawks' affiliate moved to College Park.[11][12] The team was confirmed to relocate for the 2021–22 season and the BayHawks ceased operations following the 2020–21 season when it could not obtain a fourth franchise and NBA partner.

On December 7, 2017, NBA commissioner Adam Silver announced that he was looking into having a G League expansion team in Mexico City potentially as early as 2018.[13] In September 2019, Raúl Zárraga of NBA Mexico stated that the league is working on adding a team in Mexico for the 2020–21 season.[14] On December 12, 2019, NBA commissioner Adam Silver announced that current Liga Nacional de Baloncesto Profesional team, Capitanes de Ciudad de México will be joining the G League in the 2020–21 season on a five-year agreement.[15] During the restrictions of the COVID-19 pandemic, a normal 2020–21 season did not occur and the Capitanes were not mentioned as members for the G League's 2021 season.[16] They announced they still plan on joining in 2021–22.[17] It would be the NBA's first official team in Mexico after testing the market with exhibition and regular season games in the city.[18]

On July 29, 2020, the Detroit Pistons announced that they had purchased the Northern Arizona Suns from the Phoenix Suns and will move the team to Detroit to play in the new Wayne State Arena for the 2021–22 season as the Motor City Cruise.[19]

Expansion candidate locationsDüzenle

On October 12, 2015, it was announced that Omaha was pursuing a D-League franchise. Gary Green, the owner of the Omaha Storm Chasers, said the NBA approved the idea of a franchise while also mentioning the Minnesota Timberwolves and Denver Nuggets as possible affiliates. Green said, "We've had talks with the NBA and the guys in the D-League and they absolutely want to have a team in Omaha... We have a deal with the D-League in place, we just gotta find a franchise now." The potential home for an Omaha team could be CHI Health Center Omaha (known as CenturyLink Center Omaha in 2015), Ralston Arena, or Baxter Arena.[20][21] There have been no further developments since 2015 for a team in Omaha.

Defunct / relocated teamsDüzenle

Team City Year(s) Former NBA affiliates Notes
Albuquerque / New Mexico Thunderbirds Albuquerque, New Mexico 2005–2011 Cleveland Cavaliers, Dallas Mavericks, Indiana Pacers, Miami Heat, New Orleans Hornets, Orlando Magic, Philadelphia 76ers, Phoenix Suns, Sacramento Kings, Seattle SuperSonics, Utah Jazz Became the Canton Charge
Anaheim Arsenal Anaheim, California 2006–2009 Atlanta Hawks, Los Angeles Clippers, Orlando Magic, Portland Trail Blazers Became the Springfield Armor
Arkansas RimRockers North Little Rock, Arkansas 2004–2007 Atlanta Hawks, Cleveland Cavaliers, Memphis Grizzlies, Miami Heat, Toronto Raptors Suspended by owners
Asheville Altitude Asheville, North Carolina 2001–2005 None Became the Tulsa 66ers
Bakersfield Jam Bakersfield, California 2006–2016 Atlanta Hawks, Golden State Warriors, Los Angeles Clippers, Los Angeles Lakers, Orlando Magic, Phoenix Suns, Sacramento Kings, Toronto Raptors, Utah Jazz Became the Northern Arizona Suns
(North) Charleston Lowgators Charleston, South Carolina 2001–2004 None Became the Florida Flame
Colorado 14ers Broomfield, Colorado 2006–2009 Chicago Bulls, Denver Nuggets, New Jersey Nets, Toronto Raptors Became the Texas Legends
Columbus Riverdragons Columbus, Georgia 2001–2005 None Became the Austin Toros
Dakota Wizards Bismarck, North Dakota 2006–2012 Chicago Bulls, Golden State Warriors, Memphis Grizzlies, Washington Wizards Became the Santa Cruz Warriors
Erie BayHawks Erie, Pennsylvania 2008–2017 Cleveland Cavaliers, New York Knicks, Orlando Magic, Philadelphia 76ers, Toronto Raptors Became the Lakeland Magic
Erie BayHawks Erie, Pennsylvania 2017–2019 Atlanta Hawks Became the College Park Skyhawks
Erie BayHawks Erie, Pennsylvania 2019–2021 New Orleans Pelicans Relocated to Birmingham
Fayetteville Patriots Fayetteville, North Carolina 2001–2006 Charlotte Bobcats, Detroit Pistons, New York Knicks Folded by league
Florida Flame Fort Myers, Florida 2004–2006 Boston Celtics, Miami Heat, Minnesota Timberwolves, Orlando Magic Folded by owners
Fort Worth Flyers Fort Worth, Texas 2005–2007 Charlotte Bobcats, Dallas Mavericks, Golden State Warriors, Los Angeles Lakers, Philadelphia 76ers, Portland Trail Blazers Suspended by owners
Greenville Groove Greenville, South Carolina 2001–2003 None Folded by league
Huntsville Flight Huntsville, Alabama 2001–2005 None Became the Albuquerque Thunderbirds
Idaho Stampede Boise, Idaho 2006–2016 Denver Nuggets, Portland Trail Blazers, Seattle SuperSonics, Toronto Raptors, Utah Jazz Became the Salt Lake City Stars
Mobile Revelers Mobile, Alabama 2001–2003 None Folded by league
Northern Arizona Suns Prescott Valley, Arizona 2016–2021 Phoenix Suns Became the Motor City Cruise
Reno Bighorns Reno, Nevada 2008–2018 Atlanta Hawks, Golden State Warriors, Memphis Grizzlies, New York Knicks, Orlando Magic, Sacramento Kings, Utah Jazz Became the Stockton Kings
Roanoke Dazzle Roanoke, Virginia 2001–2006 New Jersey Nets, Philadelphia 76ers, Washington Wizards Folded by league
Springfield Armor Springfield, Massachusetts 2009–2014 New Jersey/Brooklyn Nets, New York Knicks, Philadelphia 76ers Became the Grand Rapids Drive
Tulsa 66ers Tulsa, Oklahoma 2005–2014 Chicago Bulls, Dallas Mavericks, Indiana Pacers, Milwaukee Bucks, New Orleans Hornets, New York Knicks, Oklahoma City Thunder, Seattle SuperSonics Became the Oklahoma City Blue
Utah Flash Orem, Utah 2007–2011 Atlanta Hawks, Boston Celtics, Utah Jazz Became the Delaware 87ers

İlgili bağlantılarDüzenle

  1. ^ "MLSE Purchases NBA D-League Team As League Expands To 19 Teams For 2015-16 Season". Raptors 905. 29 Haziran 2015. Erişim tarihi: 9 Temmuz 2017. 
  2. ^ Robbins, Jesse (24 Mart 2015). "Utah Jazz Purchase the Idaho Stampede". SaltLakeCity.GLeague.NBA.com. NBA Media Ventures, LLC. Erişim tarihi: 13 Kasım 2018. 
  3. ^ "Entertain & Sports Arena". St. Elizabeths East. Erişim tarihi: 21 Haziran 2017. 
  4. ^ Dunlap, Evan (15 Nisan 2014). "NBA D-League: Orlando Magic to partner with Erie BayHawks, according to report". Orlando Pinstriped Post. Erişim tarihi: 9 Temmuz 2017. 
  5. ^ a b "Phoenix Suns Buy Bakersfield Jam; Relocate Team to Prescott Valley, Arizona". OurSports Central. 12 Nisan 2016. 
  6. ^ "NBA D-League Expands to 18 as Knicks Purchase Team". NBA.com. 10 Mart 2014. 14 Mart 2014 tarihinde kaynağından arşivlendi. Erişim tarihi: 10 Mart 2014. 
  7. ^ "Timberwolves finalize purchase of NBA D-League team Iowa Energy". Fox Sports. 3 Mayıs 2017. 
  8. ^ "Sacramento Kings Buy Controlling Interest in NBA Development League's Reno Bighorns". OurSports Central. 20 Ekim 2016. 
  9. ^ "Sacramento Kings NBA G League Franchise Reveals Identity As Stockton Kings" (Basın açıklaması). NBA G League. 18 Nisan 2018. Erişim tarihi: 23 Nisan 2018. 
  10. ^ "Orlando Magic Purchase NBA D-League's Erie BayHawks". OurSports Central. 14 Aralık 2016. 
  11. ^ "New Orleans Pelicans set to announce G-League affiliate in Birmingham". The Times-Picayune. 23 Ekim 2018. 
  12. ^ "Pelicans to bring NBA G League team to Birmingham by 2022". wvtm13.com. 23 Ekim 2018. 
  13. ^ "N.B.A. Plans to Put a Minor-League Team in Mexico City". The New York Times. 7 Aralık 2017. 
  14. ^ Arnon de Mello: “Queremos el próximo año equipo de G-League en México” - Carlos Herrera Luyando, NBA México, 19 September 2019
  15. ^ "NBA G League Expands to Mexico City in Landmark Partnership with Capitanes". NBA G League. 12 Aralık 2019. 
  16. ^ Kaynak hatası: Geçersiz <ref> etiketi; 2021Bubble isimli refler için metin temin edilmemiş (Bkz: Kaynak gösterme)
  17. ^ "NBA G-LEAGUE ANUNCIA EL INICIO DE SU TEMPORADA 2021 CAPITANES DEBUTARÁ EN LA SIGUIENTE TEMPORADA(2021-2022)". Capitanes. 8 Ocak 2021. 
  18. ^ "NBA will establish G-League team in Mexico City as soon as next season, per report". SB Nation. 7 Aralık 2017. 
  19. ^ "Detroit Pistons Purchase Northern Arizona Suns From Phoenix Suns". Erişim tarihi: 29 Temmuz 2020. 
  20. ^ Report: MiLB team owner says ‘deal in place’ for D-League expansion in Omaha
  21. ^ TBL: Storm Chasers owner Gary Green discusses the Mets playoff chances and NBDL news for Omaha