"Francis Galton" sayfasının sürümleri arasındaki fark

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[[Dosya:Francis Galton.jpg|right|thumb|Sir Francis Galton.]]
'''Francis Galton''' (d. Sparkbrook, [[Birmingham]], [[16 Şubat]] [[1822]] - ö. Haslemere, Surrey [[17 Ocak]] [[1911]]) [[Kraliçe Viktoriya]] çağında yaşamış çok yönlü bir [[İngiliz]] [[bilim adamıdıradamı]]dır. Seçkin uğraş gösterdigi alanlar arasında coğrafi seyahatler ve keşifler, coğrafya, meterolojimeteoroloji, psikoloji (özellikle psikometri), kriminoloji, (proto-)genetik bilim, öjenik ve [[istatistik]] sayılabilir. [[Galton kutusu]]nun mucididir.
 
== Yaşamı ==
Galton was by many accounts a [[child prodigy]] — he was reading by the age of 2, at age 5 he knew some Greek, Latin and long division, and by the age of six he had moved on to adult books, including Shakespeare for pleasure, and poetry, which he quoted at length {{Harv|Bulmer|2003|p=4}}. He attended numerous schools, but chafed at the narrow classical curriculum. His parents pressed him to enter the medical profession, and he studied for two years at Birmingham General hospital and [[King's College London]] Medical School. He followed this up with mathematical studies at Trinity College, [[University of Cambridge]], from 1840 to early 1844. A severe nervous breakdown altered his original intention to try for honours. He elected instead to take a "poll" (pass) B.A. degree, like his cousin Charles Darwin {{Harv|Bulmer|2003|p=5}}. (Following the Cambridge custom, he was awarded an M.A. without further study, in 1847). He then briefly resumed his medical studies. The death of his father in 1844 left him financially independent but emotionally destitute, and he terminated his medical studies entirely, turning to foreign travel, sport and technical invention.
 
[[1909]]'da Sir (sovalye) unvani verilmistir.
 
[[Victorian era|Victorian]] [[polymath]], [[anthropologist]], [[Eugenics|eugenicist]], tropical [[List of explorers|explorer]], [[geographer]], [[inventor]], [[meteorologist]], proto-[[genetik]], [[Psychometrics|psychometrician]], and [[statistician]]. He was knighted in 1909.
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