==== Aoun Hükümeti ====
Meanwhile, Prime Minister [[Rashid Karami]], head of a government of national unity set up after the failed peace efforts of [], was assassinated on [[June 1]], []. President Gemayel's term of office expired in September []. Before stepping down, he appointed another Maronite Christian, [[Military of Lebanon|Lebanese Armed Forces]] Commanding [[General]]
[[Michel Aoun]], as acting Prime Minister, contravening the [[National Pact ]]. Conflict in this period was also exacerbated by increasing [[ Iraq]] i involvement, as Saddam Hussein searched for proxy battlefields for the [[Iran-Iraq War]]. To counter Iran's influence through Amal and Hezbollah, Iraq backed Christian groups; [[Saddam Hussein]] helped Aoun between 1988-1990.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/inatl/longterm/iraq/keyplayers/saddam081290.htm "Doctrine, Dreams Drive Saddam Hussein"], ''[[Washington Post]]'', August 12, 1990</ref>
Muslim groups rejected the violation of the National Pact and pledged support to [[Selim al-Hoss]], a Sunni who had succeeded Karami. Lebanon was thus divided between a Christian military government in East Beirut and a civilian government in West Beirut.
==== Aoun'un "Bağımsızlık Savaşı" ====