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Taliş-Mugan Özerk Cumhuriyeti kendini [[Azerbaycan]]ın [[özerk cumhuriyet]]i ilan etmiş kısa ömürlü bir devlet [[1993]] [[Haziran]]-[[Ağustos]] arasında varlığını sürdürmüştür..<ref name="bbc">[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/2733283.stm BBC News. Azerbaijan in a stir over political prisoner]</ref>Azerbaycanın en güney doğusunda varlığını sürdürmüştür Azerbaycanın 7 idari ilçesini kapsamaktaydı. Özerk Cumhuriyetin illeri şunlardır; Başkent olarak ön görülen [[Lankaran]], [[Lankaran rayonu]], [[Lerik]], [[Astara]], [[Masallı]], [[Yardımlı]] ve [[Bilasuvar]].
{{Özerk Bölge Bilgi Kutusu
|conventional_long_name = Talysh-Mughan Autonomous Republic
|common_name = Talysh-Mughan Autonomous Republic
|continent = Asia
|region = Azerbaijan
|country = Azerbaijan
|status=Unrecognized
|year_start = 1993
|year_end = 1993
|date_start = June
|date_end = August
|event_end=
|p1 = Azerbaijan
|flag_p1 = Flag_of_Azerbaijan.svg
|s1 = Azerbaijan
|flag_s1 = Flag_of_Azerbaijan.svg
|image_flag = Flag_of_the_Talysh-Mughan_Republic.svg
|image_map = Azerbaijan_districts_Talysh-Mughan.png
|image_map_caption = Location of Talysh-Mughan Autonomous Republic in Azerbaijan
|capital = [[Lankaran]]
|government_type = Republic
|title_leader = [[President]]
|leader1 = Alikram Hummatov
|year_leader1 = 1993
}}
 
The '''Talysh-Mughan Autonomous Republic''' was a short-lived self-proclaimed autonomous republic in [[Azerbaijan]], that lasted from June to August 1993.<ref name="bbc">[http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/2733283.stm BBC News. Azerbaijan in a stir over political prisoner]</ref> It was located in extreme southeastern Azerbaijan, envisaging to consist in the 7 administrative districts of Azerbaijan around the regional capital city Lankaran: [[Lankaran]], [[Lankaran (rayon)|Lankaran rayon]], [[Lerik]], [[Astara (rayon)|Astara]], [[Masally]], [[Yardymli]] and [[Bilasuvar]]. Historically the area had been a [[Talysh Khanate|khanate]], one of 15 historic Azerbaijani khanates.
 
The autonomous republic was proclaimed amid political turmoil in Azerbaijan, with the tacit support from Russia. In June 1993 a military rebellion against president [[Abulfaz Elchibey]] broke out under the leadership of Colonel [[Surat Huseynov]]. Colonel [[Alikram Hummatov]] (Alikram Gumbatov), a close associate of Huseynov, and the leader of the Talysh nationalists, seized power in the southern part of Azerbaijan and proclaimed the new republic in Lankaran, escalating violence. However, as the situation settled and [[Heydar Aliyev]] rose to power in Azerbaijan, the Talysh-Mughan Autonomous Republic, which failed to gain any significant public support, was swiftly suppressed.<ref>[http://jamestown.org/edm/article.php?article_id=2369811 Vladimir Socor. «Talysh issue, dormant in Azerbaijan, reopened in Armenia», The Jamestown Foundation, May 27, 2005]</ref>
 
Alikram Hummatov had to flee Lenkoran, when an estimated 10,000 protesters gathered outside his headquarters in the city to demand his ouster.<ref name="NYT">[http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F0CEFD6163DF937A1575BC0A965958260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=al The New York Times, 24.08.1993. Pro-Iranian is ousted]</ref>
 
According to professor Bruce Parrott,
 
{{cquote|This adventure rapidly turned into farce. The Talysh character of the "republic" was minimal, while the clear threat to Azerbaijani territorial integrity posed by its mere existence only discredited Gumbatov and, by association, Guseinov.<ref>Bruce Parrott. State Building and Military Power in Russia and the New States of Eurasia. M.E. Sharpe, 1995. ISBN 1563243601, 9781563243608</ref>}}
 
Some observers believe that the this revolt was part of a larger conspiracy to bring back to power the former president [[Ayaz Mütallibov]].<ref>''Humbatov received the support of former defense minister Rahim Gaziev and swore loyalty to former president Mutalibov. This revolt, which collapsed in August with almost no bloodshed, appeared to be part of the same larger design as Hussienov’s rebellion in Ganje''. Thomas De Waal, Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan through Peace and War, NYU Press, 2004</ref><ref>''One likely scenario is that this episode was another example of a powerful local warlord attempting to take advantage of the internal instability within Azerbaijan, on this occasion by appealing to ethnic Persian sentiment. Gummatov had previously benefited under Mutalibov and appears to have borne a grudge against Aliev. There are reports that the rebel colonel had at one time demanded as a price for the end of his rebellion the resignation of Aliev and the return to power of Mutalibov''. Alvin Z. Rubinstein, Oles M. Smolansky. Regional Power Rivalries in the New Eurasia: Russia, Turkey, and Iran. M.E. Sharpe, 1995. ISBN 1563246236, 9781563246234</ref>
 
Hummatov was arrested and initially received death sentence which was subsequently commuted to life imprisonment. In 2004 he was pardoned and released from custody under pressure from the Council of Europe. He was allowed to immigrate to Europe after making a public promise not to engage in politics. Today, a [[Talysh National Movement]] is still active, their aspiration being the restructuring of the Talysh-Mughan Autonomous Republic. However, those who were involved in proclamation of the autonomy say they always envisaged the autonomous republic as a constituent part of Azerbaijan.<ref name="bbc"/>
 
TMAR should not be confused with [[Mughan Soviet Republic]], a Bolshevik state, that existed in March-June 1919 in opposition to Musavatist Azerbaijani Government in Baku (see [[Azerbaijan Democratic Republic]]).
 
According to some, the Azerbaijani government has also implemented a policy of forceful integration of some minorities, including [[Talysh]], [[Tats|Tat]], [[Kurds]] and [[Lezgins]].<ref>Christina Bratt (EDT) Paulston, Donald Peckham, Linguistic Minorities in Central and Eastern Europe, Multilingual Matters. 1853594164, pg 106</ref> However according to the [[Council of Europe]]:
{{cquote|Azerbaijan has made particularly commendable efforts in opening up the personal scope of application of the Framework Convention to a wide range of minorities. In Azerbaijan, the importance of the protection and promotion of cultures of national minorities is recognised and the long history of cultural diversity of the country is largely valued; <ref>[https://wcd.coe.int/ViewDoc.jsp?id=761919&BackColorInternet=9999CC&BackColorIntranet=&BackColorLogged=FDC864 Council of Europe, Committee of Ministers, Resolution ResCMN-2004-8], on the implementation of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities by Azerbaijan, Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 13 July 2004 at the 893rd meeting of the Ministers Deputies.</ref>}}
 
==References==
[[os:Талышаг-Муганаг Автономон Республикæ]]
[[ru:Талыш-Муганская Автономная Республика]]
{{sil|[[VP:HS#Maddeler|Madde 2 - Yabancı dilde olan madde]]}}
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