"Arslanhane" sayfasının sürümleri arasındaki fark

| doi=10.3406/rebyz.2006.2399
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</ref> binanın zemin katı, yakındaki [[Topkapı Sarayı]]'ndaki Sultan'ın sarayına yönelik vahşi hayvanları (arslanlar - ''Arslanhane'' ismi buradan gelmektedir - kaplanlar, filler vb.) barındırmak için kullanıldı.<ref name=ro299>Ronchey (2010), p. 299</ref> Aynı zamanda üst katın pencereleri duvarlı olup, Topkapı Sarayı'nda faaliyet gösteren süsleme sanatçıları için ''Nakkaşhane'' olarak kullanılmıştır.<ref name=mw81/> 1741'de Ayasofya mahallesinde çıkan bir yangın binanın yanı sıra yakındaki [[Haseki Hamamı]]'na zarar verdi.<ref name=mw81/><ref name=ma329>Mamboury (1953) p.329</ref><ref name=mw329>Müller-Wiener (1976), p. 329</ref> 1802'de üst kat alev aldı ve 1804'te bina yıkıldı.<ref name=mw81/> 1802'de üst kat alev aldı ve 1804'te bina yıkıldı.<ref name=mw81/> 1846-48 yıllarında [[Ticino kantonu|İsviçreli İtalyan]] mimar Gaspare Fossati yeni İstanbul Üniversitesi'nin rektörlük binasını aynı yere inşa edene kadar siteye inşa edilen yeni yapılarda sonraki yıllarda çok sayıda yangın çıkmıştır.<ref name=mw81/>
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In 1741 a fire in the Hagia Sophia neighborhood damaged the building, as well as the nearby [[Haseki Hürrem Sultan Hamamı|Haseki Hürrem Sultan Bath]].<ref name=mw81/><ref name=ma329>Mamboury (1953) p.329</ref><ref name=mw329>Müller-Wiener (1976), p. 329</ref> In 1802 the upper floor caught fire, and in 1804 the building was demolished.<ref name=mw81/> There were numerous fires in the following years in the new edifices built on the site, until in 1846-48 the [[Ticino|Swiss Italian]] architect [[Gaspare Fossati]] built the main seat of the new [[Istanbul University]] on the same site.<ref name=mw81/>
 
==Description Tanım ==
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About the first chapel it is only known that two marble columns used for its construction were brought from [[Thessaloniki]].<ref name=ja2_111>Janin (1964) p. 111 </ref> A representation of the city belonging to the 1493 [[Nuremberg Chronicle]], another of 1532 painted by [[Matrakçı Nasuh|Nasûh al Matrakçî]], <ref name=mw71>Müller-Wiener (1976), p. 71</ref> and an engraving in a geography book published in [[Venice]] in 1804<ref>This is the ''Géographie des quatre parties du monde'' written by the [[Armenian people|Armenian]] Father Ingigian of the [[San Lazzaro degli Armeni]]'s monastery in Venice. Müller-Wiener (1976) p. 81. Balbi, (1824) p. 4</ref> are the only three extant images of the church, although in the latter the building is represented as already in ruins.<ref name=mw81/> The edifice appears to be made of ashlar and brick, with a central plan and two storeys surmounted by a dome.<ref name=mw81/> The upper storey was flanked by two half domes and was preceded by a terrace.<ref name=mw81/> Both storeys were pierced by windows. Internally the church was adorned with precious vases and [[icon]]s (such as the famous icon of Christ coming from Beirut<ref>Alice Mary Talbot y Denis F. Sullivan : « The History of Leo the Deacon » - Washington, 2005, p.209</ref>), and lavishly decorated with paintings and mosaics.<ref name=ja544/> <ref name=mw81/> The remains of these, as well as of inscriptions in Greek, were still visible in the interior until the eighteenth century.<ref name=mw81/> John Tzimiskes endowed the church with several [[Relics#Christianity|relics]], among them the alleged sandals of Jesus and the hair of [[St. John the Baptist]],<ref name=ja544/> and had his tomb, made of gold and [[Vitreous enamel|enamel]], built in the crypt.<ref name=ja2_111/>
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