"Arslanhane" sayfasının sürümleri arasındaki fark

k (Bot v3: Kaynak ve içerik düzenleme (hata bildir))
 
=== Osmanlı dönemi ===
1453 yılında [[İstanbul'un Fethi]]'nden sonra, Cebehane (istihkam ocağı) kilisenin yanına yerleştirildi ve kilise terk edildi.<ref name=mw81/> Daha sonra, yakınlardaki ''Dihippion''{{'}}daki Aziz İoannis Kilisesi gibi,<ref>Aziz İoannis Kilisesi, Ayasofya'nın kuzeydoğu köşesine yakın, [[Alman Çeşmesi]] mevkiinde yer almaktaydı ve aynı zamanda yüksek bir kubbe ile örtülü merkezi bir plana sahipti. Hayvan barınağı olarak kullanıldıktan sonra 17. yüzyılın başında yıkıldı. Malzemesi, [[Sultanahmet Camii]]'nin inşaatı için yeniden kullanılmıştır.{{Kaynak
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Afterwards, like the nearby Church of St. John at ''Dihippion'',<ref>The church of St. John lay near the north east corner of the Hagia Sophia, on the site of the [[German Fountain]], and had also a central plan surmounted by a high dome. After having been used as animals shelter, it was demolished at the beginning of the 17th century. Its material was reused to erect the [[Sultan Ahmed Mosque]].{{Kaynak
| last = Grèlois
| first = Jean-Pierre
| year = 2006
| pages = 369–72
| language = FrenchFransızca
| url = http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/rebyz_0766-5598_2006_num_64_1_2399
| doi=10.3406/rebyz.2006.2399
}}
</ref> binanın zemin katı, yakındaki [[Topkapı Sarayı]]'ndaki Sultan'ın sarayına yönelik vahşi hayvanları (aslanlar - Türkçe adı buradan geliyor ''Arslanhane'' - kaplanlar, filler vb.) barındırmak için kullanıldı.<ref name=ro299>Ronchey (2010), p. 299</ref>
</ref> the ground floor of the building was used to house the wild animals (lions - whence its Turkish name, ''Arslan hane'' - tigers, elephants, etc.) intended for the court of the Sultan in the nearby [[Topkapi Palace]].<ref name=ro299>Ronchey (2010), p. 299</ref> At the same time, the upper floor had its windows walled and was used to lodge the [[fresco]] painters and [[Ottoman miniature|miniaturists]] active in the Sultan's Palace ({{lang-tr|Nakkaş hane}}).<ref name=mw81/> In 1741 a fire in the Hagia Sophia neighborhood damaged the building, as well as the nearby [[Haseki Hürrem Sultan Hamamı|Haseki Hürrem Sultan Bath]].<ref name=mw81/><ref name=ma329>Mamboury (1953) p.329</ref><ref name=mw329>Müller-Wiener (1976), p. 329</ref> In 1802 the upper floor caught fire, and in 1804 the building was demolished.<ref name=mw81/> There were numerous fires in the following years in the new edifices built on the site, until in 1846-48 the [[Ticino|Swiss Italian]] architect [[Gaspare Fossati]] built the main seat of the new [[Istanbul University]] on the same site.<ref name=mw81/>
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</ref> the ground floor of the building was used to house the wild animals (lions - whence its Turkish name, ''Arslan hane'' - tigers, elephants, etc.) intended for the court of the Sultan in the nearby [[Topkapi Palace]].<ref name=ro299>Ronchey (2010), p. 299</ref> At the same time, the upper floor had its windows walled and was used to lodge the [[fresco]] painters and [[Ottoman miniature|miniaturists]] active in the Sultan's Palace ({{lang-tr|Nakkaş hane}}).<ref name=mw81/> In 1741 a fire in the Hagia Sophia neighborhood damaged the building, as well as the nearby [[Haseki Hürrem Sultan Hamamı|Haseki Hürrem Sultan Bath]].<ref name=mw81/><ref name=ma329>Mamboury (1953) p.329</ref><ref name=mw329>Müller-Wiener (1976), p. 329</ref> In 1802 the upper floor caught fire, and in 1804 the building was demolished.<ref name=mw81/> There were numerous fires in the following years in the new edifices built on the site, until in 1846-48 the [[Ticino|Swiss Italian]] architect [[Gaspare Fossati]] built the main seat of the new [[Istanbul University]] on the same site.<ref name=mw81/>
 
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