"Arslanhane" sayfasının sürümleri arasındaki fark

(çeviriye devam)
=== Bizans dönemi ===
[[Dosya:At Meydani 1536.jpg|thumb|250px|[[Ottoman miniature|Miniature]] of the [[Hippodrome of Constantinople]] by Ottoman Miniaturist Matrakci Nasuh, appeared in 1536. The Arslan Hane is the large red-orange domed building with a terrace, just left of the blooming meadow (the former Hippodrome site) and right of the Hagia Sophia]]
Onuncu yüzyılda İmparator [[I. Romanos]], Chalke'nin yanına, [[Halki Kapısı]]'nın ana girişini süsleyen ''Hristos Halkitis'' isimli İsa imgesine adanmış bir şapel inşa etti.
In the tenth century, Emperor [[Romanos I Lekapenos|Romanos Lekapenos]] erected near the Chalke a chapel dedicated to [[Christ Chalkites]], the name of the image of Jesus that adorned the main entrance of the Chalke. This image - being one of the major religious symbols of the city - had great importance during the [[Byzantine Iconoclasm|Iconoclastic period]].<ref name=ja544/> <ref>It should be noticed that according to modern sources, the existence of this image before the iconoclastic period is doubtful. Brubaker, 2011</ref> The shrine was so small that it could contain no more than fifteen people.<ref name=ja544/> In 971, Emperor [[John I Tzimiskes]] enlarged the chapel, building a two-storey church to celebrate his victory against the [[Kievan Rus']], and endowed it with a 50-member clergy.<ref name=ja544/> The new building, which was erected in part using material from the nearby Palace Baths "tou oikonomíou", which was already in ruins, was lavishly decorated.<ref name=mw81/> John I was buried in the church's crypt in 976.<ref name=ja544/><ref name=mw81/> In 1183, [[Andronikos I Komnenos|Andronikos Komnenos]] was proclaimed Emperor here, in association with the young Emperor [[Alexios II Komnenos]], who was put to death immediately afterward.<ref name=ja544/> According to a Russian pilgrim, the church was still in use in the second quarter of the fifteenth century.<ref name=ja544/>
===Ottoman Age===
About the first chapel it is only known that two marble columns used for its construction were brought from [[Thessaloniki]].<ref name=ja2_111>Janin (1964) p. 111 </ref> A representation of the city belonging to the 1493 [[Nuremberg Chronicle]], another of 1532 painted by [[Matrakçı Nasuh|Nasûh al Matrakçî]], <ref name=mw71>Müller-Wiener (1976), p. 71</ref> and an engraving in a geography book published in [[Venice]] in 1804<ref>This is the ''Géographie des quatre parties du monde'' written by the [[Armenian people|Armenian]] Father Ingigian of the [[San Lazzaro degli Armeni]]'s monastery in Venice. Müller-Wiener (1976) p. 81. Balbi, (1824) p. 4</ref> are the only three extant images of the church, although in the latter the building is represented as already in ruins.<ref name=mw81/> The edifice appears to be made of ashlar and brick, with a central plan and two storeys surmounted by a dome.<ref name=mw81/> The upper storey was flanked by two half domes and was preceded by a terrace.<ref name=mw81/> Both storeys were pierced by windows. Internally the church was adorned with precious vases and [[icon]]s (such as the famous icon of Christ coming from Beirut<ref>Alice Mary Talbot y Denis F. Sullivan : « The History of Leo the Deacon » - Washington, 2005, p.209</ref>), and lavishly decorated with paintings and mosaics.<ref name=ja544/> <ref name=mw81/> The remains of these, as well as of inscriptions in Greek, were still visible in the interior until the eighteenth century.<ref name=mw81/> John Tzimiskes endowed the church with several [[Relics#Christianity|relics]], among them the alleged sandals of Jesus and the hair of [[St. John the Baptist]],<ref name=ja544/> and had his tomb, made of gold and [[Vitreous enamel|enamel]], built in the crypt.<ref name=ja2_111/>
== Kaynakça ==