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The intellectual life in Egypt during the Fatimid period reached a great degree of progress and activity due to the number of scholars who either lived in Egypt or came from outside, as well as to the number of books available. The Fatimid Caliphs gave prominent positions to the scholars in their courts and encouraged the students. Fatimids paid attention to establishing libraries in their palaces so that the scholars might polish up their knowledge and get the benefit of what their predecessors had done.<ref name="imamreza.net"></ref>
The Fatimids were also known for their exquisite arts. A type of ceramic, [[lustreware]], was prevalent during the Fatimid period. Glassware and metalworking was also popular. Many traces of [[Fatimid architecture]] exist in Cairo today; the most defining examples include the [[Al Azhar University]] and the [[Al-Hakim Mosque|Al Hakim mosque]]. The Al Azhar University was the first university in the East and perhaps the oldest in history. The madrasa is one of the relics of the Fatimid dynasty era of Egypt, descended from [[Fatimah]], daughter of [[Muhammad]]. Fatimah was called ''Az-Zahra'' (the brilliant), and the madrasa was named in her honor.{{Citationkaynak neededbelirt|date=October 2010}} It was founded as a mosque by the Fatimid commander Jawhar at the orders of the Caliph [[Al-Muizz Lideenillah|Al-Muizz]] when he founded the city of Cairo. It was (probably on Saturday) in Jamadi al-Awwal in the year 359 A.H. Its building was completed on the 9th of Ramadan in the year 361 A.H. Both [[Abu Mansoor Nizar al-Aziz Billah|Al-'Aziz Billah]] and [[Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah]] added to its premises. It was further repaired, renovated, and extended by [[Ma'ad al-Mustansir Billah|Al-Mustansir Billah]] and Al-Hafiz Li-Din-illah. Fatimid Caliphs always encouraged scholars and jurists to have their study-circles and gatherings in this mosque, and thus it was turned into a university that has the claim to be considered as the oldest still-functioning University.<ref name="imamreza.net">Shorter Shi'ite Encyclopaedia, By: Hasan al-Amin, http://www.imamreza.net/eng/imamreza.php?id=574</ref>
The Fatimid palace in Cairo had two parts. It stood in the [[Khan el-Khalili]] area at Bayn El-Qasryn street.<ref>http://www.oldroads.org/pastblogs/pastsingles2007/Cairo_of_the_mind.htm</ref>