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'''Antonio Giovinazzi''' (d. [[14 Aralık]], [[1993]]) şu anda [[Formula 1]]'de [[Alfa Romeo Racing]] adına yarışan İtalyan sürücü. 2015 yılında [[FIA Formula 3 European Champonship|FIA Formula 3 Avrupa Şampiyonası]] ikinciliği aldıktan sonra Prema ile yarıştığı 2016 yılında Uluslararası [[GP2]] yarışlarında beş etapta birincilik kazanıp toplamda 8 kez podyumda bulunarak yine sezon genelde ikinci oldu. Giovinazzi 2017 sezonu için [[Scuderia Ferrari]] tarafından üçüncü ve rezerve sürücüleri olması için seçildi. Yarışmacı olarak ilk yarışını [[2017 Avustralya Grand Prix]]'sinde sakatlanmış [[Pascal Wehrlein]]'in yerine yarışarak gördü. Sonraki [[2017 Çin Grand Prix|Çin Grand Prix]]'sinde de tedavisi devam eden Wehrlein'in yerine yarıştı.<ref>{{cite web |titlebaşlık=Chinese Grand Prix: Antonio Giovinazzi replaces Pascal Wehrlein for second race |url=https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/formula1/39485374 |datetarih=3 AprilNisan 2017 |accessdateerişimtarihi=16 AprilNisan 2017}}</ref> Giovinazzi [[2019 Formula 1 sezonu|2019]]'da [[Alfa Romeo Racing]] ile yarışabilmek için tam zamanlı bir kontrat imzaladı.
 
==Kariyer==
 
===Karting===
Giovinazzi 2000 yılında karting'e başladı.<ref name=GioResume>{{cite web|url=http://antoniogiovinazzi.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/GIOVI-2019_1-1.pdf|titlebaşlık=Antonio Giovinazzi - Racing Résumé|website=antoniogiovinazzi.com|accessdateerişimtarihi=8 JanuaryOcak 2020}}</ref> 2006 yılında, İtalyan Ulusal 60cc Kupası ve Avrupa 60cc Kupası şampiyonalarını kazandı.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://eurasiamotorsport.com/drivers-all/archive/2012-2/antonio-giovinazzi/|website=eurasiamotorsport.com|titlebaşlık=Antonio Giovinazzi|accessdateerişimtarihi=25 MarchMart 2017}}</ref> WSK Master Series'in [[KF2]] sınıfında 2010 ve 2011 yıllarında şampiyon oldu.<ref name=GioResume></ref>
 
===Formula Pilota China===
Giovinazzi tek kişilik koltuk yarışlarına 2012 yılında [[Formula Pilota China]]'da başladı.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.eurasiamotorsport.com/news/index.php/2012/12/giovinazzi-2012-formula-pilota-china-champion/ |titlebaşlık=Giovinazzi 2012 Formula Pilota China Champion |publisheryayıncı=eurasiamotorsport.com |accessdateerişimtarihi=28 FebruaryŞubat 2013 |url-status=dead |archiveurlarşivurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20160304185109/http://www.eurasiamotorsport.com/news/index.php/2012/12/giovinazzi-2012-formula-pilota-china-champion/ |archivedatearşivtarihi=4 MarchMart 2016 }}</ref> İlk sezonunda altı galibiyet ile sezon şampiyonluğunu kazandı. Ayrıca [[Monza]]'da [[BVM]] takımı adına [[2012 Formula Abarth sezonu|2012 Formula Abarth sezonunun]] son yarışında bulundu. İki yarışı kazanmasına ve bir yarışta da ikinci olmasına rağmen konuk sürücü olduğu için puan almadı.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.acisportitalia.it/ABARTH/home/ing/2787/Nicolas-Costa-is-the-new-Champion.-Race-3-to-Giovinazzi/2012 |titlebaşlık=Nicolas Costa is the new champion. Race 3 to Giovinazzi |publisheryayıncı=Acisportitalia.it |datetarih=|accessdateerişimtarihi=28 FebruaryŞubat 2013}}</ref>
 
===Formula Three===
Giovinazzi competed in the [[2013 British Formula Three Championship]] season with the [[Double R Racing]] team, alongside [[Sean Gelael]] and [[Tatiana Calderón]].<ref>{{cite web|titlebaşlık=Three car British F3 return confirmed for Double R|url=http://www.doublerracing.co.uk/news/Three-car-British-F3-return-confirmed-for-Double-R-/177.htm|publisheryayıncı=doublerracing.co.uk|accessdateerişimtarihi=16 JulyTemmuz 2013|url-status=dead|archiveurlarşivurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130808134152/http://doublerracing.co.uk/news/Three-car-British-F3-return-confirmed-for-Double-R-/177.htm|archivedatearşivtarihi=8 AugustAğustos 2013}}</ref> He won two races, at [[Silverstone Circuit|Silverstone]] and at [[Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps|Spa-Francorchamps]], and ended the season as runner-up behind [[Jordan King]].<ref>{{cite web|titlebaşlık=Superb Silverstone weekend delivers first win of year for Double R|url=http://www.doublerracing.co.uk/news/Superb-Silverstone-weekend-delivers-first-win-of-year-for-Double-R/179.htm|publisheryayıncı=doublerracing.co.uk|accessdateerişimtarihi=16 JulyTemmuz 2013|url-status=dead|archiveurlarşivurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20131014173806/http://www.doublerracing.co.uk/news/Superb-Silverstone-weekend-delivers-first-win-of-year-for-Double-R/179.htm|archivedatearşivtarihi=14 OctoberEkim 2013}}</ref> During the season, Giovinazzi entered the [[2013 Masters of Formula 3]], finishing the race in 10th place.<ref>{{cite web|titlebaşlık=Giovinazzi finishes top 10 on Masters of F3 debut|url=http://www.doublerracing.co.uk/news/Giovinazzi-finishes-top-10-on-Masters-of-F3-debut/182.htm|publisheryayıncı=doublerracing.co.uk|accessdateerişimtarihi=16 JulyTemmuz 2013|url-status=dead|archiveurlarşivurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20130717033045/http://www.doublerracing.co.uk/news/Giovinazzi-finishes-top-10-on-Masters-of-F3-debut/182.htm|archivedatearşivtarihi=17 JulyTemmuz 2013}}</ref>
 
[[File:2014 F3 HockenheimringII Antonio Giovinazzi by 2eight 8SC4048.jpg|thumb|left|Giovinazzi 2014 FIA Formula 3 Avrupa Şampiyonası'nın Hockenheimring yarışındayken]]
In [[2013 FIA Formula 3 European Championship|2013]], Giovinazzi made his debut in the [[FIA Formula 3 European Championship]] with the Double R Racing team.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.doublerracing.co.uk/news/Double-R-confirms-three-car-FIA-F3-European-Championship-Entry/168.htm |titlebaşlık=Double R confirms three car FIA F3 European Championship Entry |publisheryayıncı=doublerracing.co.uk |accessdateerişimtarihi=28 FebruaryŞubat 2013 |url-status=dead |archiveurlarşivurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20141022022603/http://www.doublerracing.co.uk/news/Double-R-confirms-three-car-FIA-F3-European-Championship-Entry/168.htm |archivedatearşivtarihi=22 OctoberEkim 2014 }}</ref> He scored his first points at the fourth round in [[Brands Hatch]], finishing 11th in the first race.<ref>{{cite web|titlebaşlık=Giovinazzi earns Double R's first European Championship points|url=http://www.doublerracing.co.uk/news/Giovinazzi-earns-Double-R's-first-European-Championship-points/178.htm|publisheryayıncı=doublerracing.co.uk|accessdateerişimtarihi=16 JulyTemmuz 2013|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130808135123/http://doublerracing.co.uk/news/Giovinazzi-earns-Double-R's-first-European-Championship-points/178.htm|archive-datearşivtarihi=8 AugustAğustos 2013|url-status=dead}}</ref> His best result of the season was at the final race in [[Hockenheimring|Hockenheim]], where he finished 6th. Giovinazzi ended the season in 15th place in the championship with 45 points.
 
In 2014, Giovinazzi signed with [[Carlin Motorsport|Jagonya Agam with Carlin]] to compete in the [[2014 FIA Formula 3 European Championship]] season.<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.formularapida.net/news/giovinazzi-king-blomqvist-and-gelael-with-carlin-at-f3 |titlebaşlık=Giovinazzi, King, Blomqvist and Gelael with Carlin at F3 |workeser=FormulaRapida.net |firstad=Viñals Vendrell |lastsoyadı=Arnau |datetarih=19 DecemberAralık 2013 |accessdateerişimtarihi=19 DecemberAralık 2013 |url-status=dead |archiveurlarşivurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20131221183500/http://www.formularapida.net/news/giovinazzi-king-blomqvist-and-gelael-with-carlin-at-f3/ |archivedatearşivtarihi=21 DecemberAralık 2013 }}</ref> His first Formula 3 podium came with a 2nd-place finish in Hockenheim. His first win came from pole position at the [[Red Bull Ring]], before adding another win at the following round at the [[Nürburgring]]. He ended the season in 6th place in the standings with 238 points, recording two wins, seven podium finishes, two pole positions and three fastest laps.
 
Giovinazzi continued in the championship with Jagonya Agam with Carlin in [[2015 FIA Formula 3 European Championship|2015]], in a field which included future Formula One competitors [[Charles Leclerc]], [[Lance Stroll]], [[George Russell (racing driver)|George Russell]] and [[Alexander Albon]]. He was a championship contender for much of the season, eventually losing out to [[Felix Rosenqvist]]. Giovinazzi ended the season as the championship runner-up, with 412.5 points. He recorded six wins, twenty podium finishes, four pole positions and four fastest laps. During the 2015 season he made his second appearance at the [[2015 Masters of Formula 3|Masters of Formula 3]] race, winning the race after starting from 2nd on the grid.
 
===Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters===
Giovinazzi had impressed [[Audi Sport Team Phoenix]] during a [[Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters|DTM]] test in 2015, before being called up to replace the injured [[Pascal Wehrlein]] for the round at [[Moscow Raceway]]. He finished the races in 19th and 21st.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.motorsportweek.com/news/id/21093|titlebaşlık=Remember when... Antonio Giovinazzi was a DTM super sub|website=motorsportweek.com|datetarih=3 JanuaryOcak 2019|accessdateerişimtarihi=8 JanuaryOcak 2020}}</ref>
 
===Endurance yarışı===
In 2016, Giovinazzi took part in the [[2015–16 Asian Le Mans Series|Asian Le Mans Series]] in the LMP2 class alongside Sean Gelael. They entered the final two rounds at [[Chang International Circuit|Buriram]] and [[Sepang International Circuit|Sepang]], winning both races. Giovinazzi then entered the Silverstone round of the [[2016 European Le Mans Series|European Le Mans Series]] alongside Gelael and [[Mitch Evans]] for [[SMP Racing]], in which they came 5th.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.automobilsport.com/race-categories--24,147780,Antonio-Giovinazzi-finish-5th-at-4h-Silverstone,news.htm|titlebaşlık=Antonio Giovinazzi finish 5th at 4h Silverstone|website=automobilsport.com|datetarih=18 AprilNisan 2016|accessdateerişimtarihi=8 JanuaryOcak 2020}}</ref>
 
In the [[FIA World Endurance Championship]], Giovinazzi took part in the [[2016 6 Hours of Fuji]] alongside Gelael and [[Giedo van der Garde]] for the [[Extreme Speed Motorsports]] team, in which they finished 4th in the LMP2 class. He then took part in the following round in [[2016 6 Hours of Shanghai|Shanghai]] alongside Gelael and [[Tom Blomqvist]], finishing 2nd.
 
===GP2 Series===
Giovinazzi joined the series with [[Prema Powerteam]] for the [[2016 GP2 Series|2016 season]] alongside [[Red Bull Junior Team|Red Bull Junior]] and [[2014 Formula Renault 3.5 Series]] runner-up [[Pierre Gasly]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/122532|titlebaşlık=European F3 runner-up Antonio Giovinazzi gets Prema GP2 seat|workeser=[[Autosport]]|datetarih=19 JanuaryOcak 2016|accessdateerişimtarihi=19 JanuaryOcak 2016}}</ref>
 
After a poor start by finishing outside the points and losing reverse grid pole in the first two rounds, Giovinazzi scored victories in both the feature and sprint races in Baku, becoming the first driver to do 'the double' since [[Davide Valsecchi]] in [[2012 GP2 Series|2012]].
 
Giovinazzi took pole position from his teammate Gasly at [[Spa Francochamps|Spa]], and won the Sprint Race after Gasly had won the feature race on Saturday.<ref>{{Cite news|url=http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/125871|titlebaşlık=GP2 Spa: Giovinazzi snatches pole from Prema team-mate Gasly|lastsoyadı=Beer|firstad=Matt|workeser=Autosport.com|access-dateerişimtarihi=26 JuneHaziran 2017|languagedil=en}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/125903|titlebaşlık=Spa GP2: Antonio Giovinazzi completes clean sweep for Prema|lastsoyadı=Beer|firstad=Matt|workeser=Autosport.com|access-dateerişimtarihi=26 JuneHaziran 2017|languagedil=en}}</ref> At [[Monza circuit|Monza]], he took pole position, but was disqualified from the session due to a technical infringement. Despite starting from the back of the grid, he won in the Feature Race after a mix up involving the safety car that worked in his favour.<ref>{{Cite news|url=http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/126015|titlebaşlık=GP2 Monza: Giovinazzi storms from back to win with last-lap pass|workeser=Autosport.com|access-dateerişimtarihi=26 JuneHaziran 2017|languagedil=en}}</ref>
 
Giovinazzi took the lead of the championship at [[Sepang International Circuit|Sepang]] by overtaking [[Sergey Sirotkin (racing driver)|Sergey Sirotkin]] late on for his 5th win of the season.<ref>{{Cite news|url=http://www.autosport.com/news/report.php/id/126438|titlebaşlık=GP2 Malaysia: Antonio Giovinazzi takes championship lead with win|workeser=Autosport.com|access-dateerişimtarihi=26 JuneHaziran 2017|languagedil=en}}</ref> However, Pierre Gasly's victory in the [[2016 Yas Marina GP2 and GP3 Series rounds|Abu Dhabi feature race]] meant that Gasly led by 12 points into the final race.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.gpupdate.net/en/gp2-news/347407/gasly-braced-for-tough-gp2-title-showdown/|titlebaşlık=Gasly braced for 'tough' GP2 title showdown|website=GPUpdate.net|languagedil=en-GB|access-dateerişimtarihi=26 JuneHaziran 2017}}</ref> Giovinazzi finished the final race ahead of Gasly as [[Alex Lynn]] won the race, however, after making a poor start, he was unable to overturn the 12-point gap, and Gasly won the championship by 8 points.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.gpupdate.net/en/gp2-news/347427/gasly-crowned-gp2-champion-lynn-wins-race/|titlebaşlık=Gasly crowned GP2 champion, Lynn wins race|website=GPUpdate.net|languagedil=en-GB|access-dateerişimtarihi=26 JuneHaziran 2017}}</ref>
 
Had Giovinazzi won the championship, he would have been the first rookie champion since [[Nico Hülkenberg]] in [[2009 GP2 Series|2009]].<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.jamesallenonf1.com/2016/12/the-path-to-f1-how-prema-powerteam-conquered-the-2016-junior-single-seater-scene/|titlebaşlık=The path to F1: how Prema Powerteam conquered the 2016 junior single seater scene |website=www.jamesallenonf1.com|accessdateerişimtarihi=1 JulyTemmuz 2017}}</ref> He would also have been the last ever GP2 champion as the series would become [[FIA Formula 2 Championship]] for [[2017 FIA Formula 2 Championship|2017]].
 
==Formula 1 Kariyeri==
[[File:Antonio Giovinazzi 2017 Malaysia FP1.jpg|thumb|Giovinazzi testing for Haas during the [[2017 Malaysian Grand Prix]].]]
[[File:Alfa Romeo C38 Antonio Giovinazzi ITA ALFA ROMEO RACING (46388731925).jpg|thumb|Giovinazzi testing the [[Alfa Romeo Racing C38]] at Barcelona in 2019]]
In September 2016, it was announced that Giovinazzi would perform simulator work for [[Scuderia Ferrari]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.pitpass.com/57206/Giovinazzi-gets-Ferrari-simulator-run|titlebaşlık=Giovinazzi gets Ferrari simulator run|datetarih=5 SeptemberEylül 2016|accessdateerişimtarihi=5 SeptemberEylül 2016}}</ref> In December, he was confirmed as Ferrari's third driver.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.motorsport.com/f1/news/giovinazzi-joins-ferrari-f1-team-as-third-driver-860301/|titlebaşlık=Giovinazzi joins Ferrari F1 team as third driver|datetarih=19 DecemberAralık 2016|accessdateerişimtarihi=19 DecemberAralık 2016}}</ref>
 
===Sauber (2017-2018)===
 
Giovinazzi participated in pre-season testing for the {{F1|2017}} season with [[Sauber]]. In a similar fashion to his DTM debut two years prior, he substituted for the injured Pascal Wehrlein at the [[2017 Australian Grand Prix|Australian Grand Prix]]. Wehrlein did not feel fit enough for a complete race distance due to his training deficit<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.sauberf1team.com/news/pascal-wehrlein-not-to-start-at-the-australian-grand-prix|titlebaşlık=Pascal Wehrlein not to start at the Australian Grand Prix|accessdateerişimtarihi=25 MarchMart 2017}}</ref> as a result of a crash at the [[2017 Race of Champions]]. Giovinazzi finished 12th on his debut.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.formula1.com/en/latest/headlines/2017/1/wehrlein-suffers-scary-race-of-champions-crash-as-vettel-wins-ag.html|titlebaşlık=Wehrlein suffers scary Race of Champions crash as Vettel wins again|accessdateerişimtarihi=23 JanuaryOcak 2017}}</ref> His debut meant he was the first Italian driver to start a Formula One race since [[Jarno Trulli]] and [[Vitantonio Liuzzi]] at the [[2011 Brazilian Grand Prix]]. Sauber announced that Giovinazzi would again replace Wehrlein for the [[2017 Chinese Grand Prix|Chinese Grand Prix]], where he crashed out during both qualifying and the race.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.sauberf1team.com/news/preview-2017-formula-one-heineken-chinese-grand-prix-gulf-air-bahrain-grand-prix-2|titlebaşlık=Preview – 2017 Formula One Heineken Chinese Grand Prix & Gulf Air Bahrain Grand Prix|accessdateerişimtarihi= 3 AprilNisan 2017| authoryazar=SauberF1}}</ref> Giovinazzi later participated in six free practice sessions for the [[Haas F1 Team]] over the course of the 2017 season.<ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.statsf1.com/en/antonio-giovinazzi/engagement.aspx|titlebaşlık=Antonio GIOVINAZZI - Involvement • STATS F1|lastsoyadı=F1|firstad=STATS|website=www.statsf1.com|languagedil=en|access-dateerişimtarihi=14 NovemberKasım 2018}}</ref>
 
Giovinazzi remained a reserve and test driver for Sauber and Ferrari in {{F1|2018}}. He took part in six free practice sessions for Sauber during the season.
====2019====
 
On 25 September 2018 it was announced that Giovinazzi would race for Sauber (now [[Alfa Romeo in Formula One|Alfa Romeo]]) during the {{F1|2019}} season, partnering [[Kimi Räikkönen]] and replacing [[Marcus Ericsson]], who became the team's reserve driver.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/motorsport/45642410|titlebaşlık=Antonio Giovinazzi: Italian to partner Kimi Raikkonen at Sauber next season|datetarih=25 SeptemberEylül 2018|publisheryayıncı=|accessdateerişimtarihi=27 SeptemberEylül 2018|via=www.bbc.co.uk}}</ref>
 
Giovinazzi went eight races without scoring points until he scored his first at the [[2019 Austrian Grand Prix|Austrian Grand Prix]], finishing 10th.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.formula1.com/en/results.html/2019/races/1008/austria.html|titlebaşlık=Formula 1 myWorld Grosser Preis von Österreich 2019 - Race Result|website=formula1.com|accessdateerişimtarihi=1 JulyTemmuz 2019}}</ref> It was the first points finish for an Italian driver in Formula One since [[Vitantonio Liuzzi]] finished 6th at the [[2010 Korean Grand Prix]]. The next race in [[2019 British Grand Prix|Britain]] saw his first retirement of the season, after a mechanical problem caused him to spin out into a gravel trap.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://formulaspy.com/f1/mechanical-problem-to-blame-for-giovinazzis-exit-62886|titlebaşlık=Mechanical problem to blame for Giovinazzi’s exit|datetarih=15 JulyTemmuz 2019|accessdateerişimtarihi=8 JanuaryOcak 2020}}</ref> He crashed out on the last lap of the [[2019 Belgian Grand Prix|Belgian Grand Prix]], having been running in 9th place. It later emerged that the crash caused Alfa Romeo to consider Giovinazzi's future with the team, with team principal [[Frédéric Vasseur]] saying "We had a tough discussion with Antonio, because these kind of things can decide your career. We were thinking about the future."<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.planetf1.com/news/spa-crash-nearly-sealed-giovinazzis-alfa-fate/|titlebaşlık=Spa crash nearly sealed Giovinazzi’s Alfa fate|website=planetf1.com|datetarih=3 JanuaryOcak 2020|accessdateerişimtarihi=8 JanuaryOcak 2020}}</ref> At this stage of the season, Giovinazzi had collected one point, whilst teammate Räikkönen had scored 31.
 
The second half of the season was far more successful for Giovinazzi. He claimed points a week after the Belgian Grand Prix with a 9th place finish at [[2019 Italian Grand Prix|his first home race]] in Formula One. On lap 27 of the [[2019 Singapore Grand Prix]], Giovinazzi led the race for 4 laps after the leaders had pitted. It was the first time he had led a Formula One Grand Prix race in his career. For Alfa Romeo, it was the first time since [[Andrea de Cesaris]] led in the [[1983 Belgian Grand Prix]]. Giovinazzi ultimately finished 10th, scoring points for the second consecutive race. At the [[2019 Brazilian Grand Prix|Brazilian Grand Prix]], he achieved his career best finish, crossing the line in 6th place before being promoted to 5th after [[Lewis Hamilton]] was penalised.
====2020====
 
On 4 November 2019, Giovinazzi was confirmed to continue at Alfa Romeo for the [[2020 Formula One World Championship|2020 season]], again partnering Räikkönen.<ref name="alfa-2020">{{cite web|url=https://www.formula1.com/en/latest/article.giovinazzi-retained-by-alfa-romeo-for-2020.68W98hjaTHS4QX7SW3HUDX.html|titlebaşlık=Giovinazzi retained by Alfa Romeo for 2020|website=formula1.com|datetarih=4 NovemberKasım 2019|accessdateerişimtarihi=4 NovemberKasım 2019}}</ref>
 
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