Gelimer: Revizyonlar arasındaki fark

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[[Dosya:Münze 50 Denari - Gelimer - König der Vandalen (cropped).jpg|thumb|Gelimer'in profilini taşıyan 50 [[denarii]] sikke]]
[[Dosya:Luxe & Antiquité10 plat Geilamir.jpg|thumb|Gelimer'in missorium'ı (gümüş tabak) ([[Fransa Millî Kütüphanesi]])<ref>[http://medaillesetantiques.bnf.fr/ws/catalogue/app/collection/record/ark:/12148/c33gbfs80 "Missorium de Geilamir, roi des Vandales"]. Médailles et Antiques de la Bibliothèque nationale de France. ''Medaillesetantiques.bnf.fr''. Retrieved 2019-04-06.</ref>]]
'''Gelimer''' (asıl form muhtemelen '''Geilamir''',<ref>The name is attested in this form on coins and in an inscription; see J.B. Bury, ''[http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/secondary/BURLAT/17*.html History of the Later Roman Empire]'' (London 1923), p. 126, n. 9.</ref> 480–553), [[Vandallar]] ve [[Alanlar]]ın kralıdır (530–534), [[Geç Antik Çağ]]'da [[Kuzey Afrika]]'daki [[Vandal Krallığı]]'nın son [[Cermenler|Cermen]] hükümdarıdır. O zamanlar [[Aryanizm|Arian]] olan Vandalların arasında, Katolikliğe dönmesi ile Vandal soylularını tedirgin eden [[Hilderik]]'i tahttan indirdikten sonra 15 Haziran 530 günü hükümdar oldu.<ref>The introduction of Arian Christianity to the Vandal nobility is discussed in H.E. Gieseche 1939. ''Die Ostgermanen und Arianismus'', esp. pp 167-99; the notorious Vandal persecutions of Catholic Christians in North Africa, recounted by the Catholic bishop [[Victor of Vita]], is translated by John R. C. Martyn, , 2008. ''Arians and Vandals of the 4th–6th centuries: annotated translations of the historical works by bishops [[Victor of Vita]] (''Historia persecutionis Africanae provinciae'') and [[Victor of Tonnena]]...'' (Cambridge), reviewed in ''The Journal of Ecclesiastical History'' '''61''', p 579f.</ref>
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He became ruler on 15 June 530 after deposing his [[Cousin|first cousin twice removed]], [[Hilderic]], who had angered the Vandal nobility by converting to [[Chalcedonian]] Christianity, as most of the Vandals at this time were fiercely devoted to [[Arianism|Arian Christianity]].<ref>The introduction of Arian Christianity to the Vandal nobility is discussed in H.E. Gieseche 1939. ''Die Ostgermanen und Arianismus'', esp. pp 167-99; the notorious Vandal persecutions of Catholic Christians in North Africa, recounted by the Catholic bishop [[Victor of Vita]], is translated by John R. C. Martyn, , 2008. ''Arians and Vandals of the 4th–6th centuries: annotated translations of the historical works by bishops [[Victor of Vita]] (''Historia persecutionis Africanae provinciae'') and [[Victor of Tonnena]]...'' (Cambridge), reviewed in ''The Journal of Ecclesiastical History'' '''61''', p 579f.</ref>
 
 
The [[Eastern Roman Emperor]] [[Justinian I]], who had supported Hilderic, soon declared [[Vandalic War|war on the Vandals]], ostensibly to restore Hilderic. In June 533, Justinian sent an expeditionary force commanded by [[Belisarius]] which finally reached Africa in the beginning of September. Meanwhile, in [[Sardinia]], which formed part of the Vandal domain, the governor [[Godas]], a [[Goths|Goth]], revolted against Gelimer and began to treat with Justinian as an independent sovereign. Gelimer, ignorant or contemptuous of Justinian's plans, sent a large army consisting of most of the available army in Africa under his brother [[Tzazo]] to crush the rebellion, meaning that the landing of Belisarius was entirely unopposed.<ref>Hodgkin, III, 669.</ref>
 
Hilderik'i destekleyen [[Bizans İmparatoru]] [[I. Justinianus|Justinianus]] ({{Hükümdarlık dönemi|527|565}}) kısa süre sonra [[Vandallar Savaşı|Vandallara savaş]] ilan etti. Haziran 533'de, [[Belisarius]] komutasında sefer gücü yolladı, Eylül başı Afrika'ya ulaştılar. Bu arada, Vandal toprağı olan [[Sardinya]]'nın [[Gotlar|Got]] valisi [[Godas]], Gelimer'e isyan edip, bağımsızlık için Justinianus ile görüşmeye başladı.
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Gelimer, ignorant or contemptuous of Justinian's plans, sent a large army consisting of most of the available army in Africa under his brother [[Tzazo]] to crush the rebellion, meaning that the landing of Belisarius was entirely unopposed.<ref>Hodgkin, III, 669.</ref>
 
On landing, Belisarius immediately marched for Carthage, finally meeting resistance on 13 September when he was confronted by Gelimer at [[battle of Ad Decimum|Ad Decimum]], 10 miles from [[Carthage]]. Although outnumbered 11,000 to 17,000 the battle was evenly fought by the Vandals until Gelimer's brother Ammatas was killed, at which time Gelimer lost heart and fled. On 14 September 533, Belisarius entered Carthage and ate the feast prepared for Gelimer in his palace. However, Belisarius was too late to save the life of Hilderic, who had been slain at Gelimer's orders as soon as the news of the landing of the imperial army came.<ref>Procopius, ''De Bellus'' III.17.11. Translated by H. B. Dewing, (Cambridge: Loeb Classical Library, 1979), vol. 2 p. 153</ref>
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