"Bari Kuşatması" sayfasının sürümleri arasındaki fark

=== Arka Plan ===
{{Ayrıca bakınız|Güney İtalya'nın Normanlar tarafından fethi}}
1060'a gelindiğinde Puglia'daki sadece birkaç kıyı kenti hala Bizans'ın elinde idi. Önceki birkaç on yıl boyunca, Normanlar güney İtalya'daki mülklerini arttırmıştı ve şimdi de [[Sicilya Emirliği|İslam toprağı]] olan [[Sicilya]]'nın fethine odaklanmadan önce Bizanslıların yarımadadan tamamen çıkarılmalarını amaçlıyorlardı.
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By 1060, only a few coastal cities in Apulia were still in Byzantine hands: during the previous few decades, the Normans had increased their possessions in southern Italy and now aimed to the complete expulsion of the Byzantines from the peninsula before concentrating on the conquest of [[Sicily]], then mostly [[emirate of Sicily|under Islamic domination]].
 
Large military units were thus called from Sicily and, under Count [[Geoffrey of Conversano]], laid siege to [[Otranto]].<ref name="GRev201">{{cite book|first=Giorgio |page=201|last=Ravegnani|title= I bizantini in Italia|language=Italian |location=Bologna|publisher=Il Mulino|year=2004}}</ref>
 
LargeBöylece militarybüyük unitsaskeri werebirlikler thusSicilya'dan calledçağrıldı fromve SicilyConversano and,Kontu under Count [[Geoffrey of Conversano]], laid siege tokomutasında [[Otranto]] kuşatıldı.<ref name="GRev201">{{cite book|first=Giorgio |page=201|last=Ravegnani|title= I bizantini in Italia|language=Italianİtalyanca |location=Bologna|publisher=Il Mulino|year=2004}}</ref>
===The siege===
 
=== Kuşatma ===
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The next move was the arrival of Robert Guiscard, with a large corps, who laid siege to the Byzantine city of Bari on 5 August 1068. Within the city there were two parties: one wanting to preserve allegiance to the Byzantine empire, and another that was pro-Norman. When the Norman troops neared, the former had prevailed and the local barons shut the city's gates and sent an embassy led by [[Bisantius Guirdeliku]] to emperor [[Romanos IV Diogenes]] in order to seek military help. The negotiations offered by Robert were refused.<ref name="William">[[William of Apulia]], ''[[Gesta Roberti Wiscardi]]''</ref>
 
According to William of Apulia, Robert Guiscard "entrusted the city" to Argyritzos. The earliest document of Norman rule, however, shows a certain Lizius, probably a Norman, as viscount and a ''patrikios'' named Maurelianus, probably a native Bariot, as catepan.<ref name=Loud136>G. A. Loud, ''The Age of Robert Guiscard: Southern Italy and the Norman Conquest'' (Routledge, 2013), p. 136.</ref>
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== Kaynakça ==
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