Lazika Savaşı: Revizyonlar arasındaki fark

|başlık =[[Lazika]] Haritası
|çatışma =Lazika Savaşı
|tarih =541–562541-562
|yer =[[Lazika]] (Batı [[Gürcistan]])
|sonuç = Sasani zaferi<ref>[ The Persian Empire: A Historical Encyclopedia (2 volumes): A Historical...] "Savaş nihayet sona erdiğinde, Lazika zafer kazandılar, Bizans imparatoru'nu yılda 400 altın pound ödemeye zorladılar."</ref>
|sebep =Persliler ile Bizanslılar arasında Lazika'nın kontrol mücadelesi
|savaşan1 =[[Bizans İmparatorluğu]]<br>[[Lazika]] (548 sonrası)
|savaşan2 =[[Sasani İmparatorluğu]] <br/> [[Lazika]] (541–548541-548)
|komutan1 = [[I. Justinianus]],<br/>[[Dagisthaios]],<br/>[[Bessas]],<br/>[[Martinus (general)|Martinus]],<br>[[Bouzes]],<br>[[Belisarius]],<br/>[[Justinus (525 doğumlu general)|Justinus]],<br/>[[Valerian (general)|Valerian]],<br>[[II. Gubaz]] (548 sonrası)
|komutan2=[[I. Hüsrev]],<br/>[[Mihr-Mihroe]],<br/>[[Nachoragan]],<br/>[[Nabed]]<br>Farroxan<ref>{{harvnb|Alemany|2003|p=5}}.</ref><br/>[[İzadguşasp]]<br/>[[Fariburz]]<br/>[[II. Gubaz]] (541–548541-548)
== Savaş ==
Lazika'ya girip ve Bizans ana kalesi [[Petra, Lazika|Petra]]'yı [[Petra Kuşatması (541)|ele geçiren]] ve ülke üzerinde bir başka manda yönetimi kuran Sasani Şahı [[I. Hüsrev]], bu çağrılara o yıl cevap verdi.<ref>{{harvnb|Martindale|Jones|Morris|1992|pp=559, 639}}; {{harvnb|Bury|1958|pp=101–102101-102}}.</ref>
In 543, a [[Battle of Anglon|Roman invasion of Armenia]] was defeated by a small Persian force at Anglon. However, the Shah’s attempt to establish a direct Persian control over the country and the missionary zeal of the [[Zoroastrian]] priests soon caused discontent in [[Christianity|Christian]] Lazica and King Gubazes revolted in 548, this time against the Persians. Gubazes II requested aid from Emperor [[Justinian I]] and brought [[Alans]] and [[Sabir people|Sabirs]] to an alliance. Justinian sent 7,000 Roman and 1,000 [[Tzani]] (relatives of the [[Laz people|Lazs]]) auxiliaries under [[Dagisthaeus]] to assist Gubazes, and [[Siege of Petra (549)|besieged]] the Petra fortress. Persian reinforcements under [[Mihr-Mihroe]] defeated a small Byzantine force guarding the mountain passes and relieved the besieged Petra. Mihr-Mihroe garrisoned 3,000 men in the fortress and marched to [[Armenia]] leaving 5,000 soldiers to plunder Lazica. This force was destroyed by Dagisthaeus at the [[Rioni river|Phasis river]] in 549. The next Persian offensive also proved to be unsuccessful with the commander Chorianes killed in a decisive battle at the river Hippis (now the [[Tskhenistskali]]). The new Byzantine commander Bessas quelled a pro-Persian revolt of the [[Abasgians|Abasgi]] tribe, took Petra and defeated Mihr-Mihroe at [[Archaeopolis]] in 551. However, the latter managed to capture [[Kutaisi|Cotais]] and the Uthimereos fortress blocking the important roads to the highland regions of [[Lechkhumi|Scymnia]] and [[Svaneti|Souania]]. In the summer of 555, he won an impressive victory at [[Battle of Telephis–OllariaTelephis-Ollaria|Telephis]] and forced the Byzantine-Lazic forces to retreat to Nesos.
After the death of Mihr-Mihroe, [[Nachoragan]] was appointed the Persian commander-in-chief in 555. He repulsed the Byzantine attack on the Persian positions at [[Onoguris]] and forced the enemy out of [[Archaeopolis]], a city which Mihr-Mihroe had twice tried and failed to take. These defeats caused a bitter feud between the Lazic and Byzantine generals. King Gubazes quarreled with Byzantine commanders [[Bessas (general)|Bessas]], [[Martin (general under Justinian I)|Martin]], and Rusticus, complaining to emperor Justinian. Bessas was recalled, but Rusticus and his brother John eventually murdered Gubazes. The [[Laz people|Lazi]] people got the Emperor to nominate [[Tzath II of Lazica|Tzathes]], the younger brother of Gubazes, as their new king, and Senator Athanasius investigated the assassination. Rusticus and John were arrested, tried, and executed. In 556, the allies retook Archaeopolis and routed Nachoragan in his abortive [[Siege of Phasis|attack on Phasis]]. In the autumn and winter of the same year, the Byzantines suppressed a rebellion staged by the mountain tribe of the [[Misimians]], and finally expelled the Persians from the country.
*{{cite journal|last=Alemany|first=Agustí|title=Sixth Century Alania: Between Byzantium, Sasanian Iran and the Turkic World|journal=Transoxiana: Journal Libre de Estudios Orientales (Transoxiana Webfestschrift Series)|year=2003|pages=1–81-8|url=|ref=harv}}
*{{cite book|first=Kalistrat|last=Salia|title=Histoire de la nation géorgienne|url=|year=1980|publisher=Nino Salia|ref=harv}}
*{{cite book|last=Bury|first=John Bagnell|authorlink=J. B. Bury|title=History of the Later Roman Empire: From the Death of Theodosius I to the Death of Justinian, Volume 2|location=Mineola, New York|publisher=Dover Publications, Inc|year=1958|isbn=0-486-20399-9|url=|ref=harv}}
*{{cite book |last=Hughes |first=Ian |date=2009 |title=Belisarius: The Last Roman General|location=South Yorkshire |publisher=Pen & Sword Military |isbn=9781844158331}}
*{{cite book|editor1-last=Martindale|editor1-first=John Robert|editor2-last=Jones|editor2-first=Arnold Hugh Martin|editor3-last=Morris|editor3-first=J.|title=The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire, Volume III: A.D. 527–641527-641|year=1992|location=Cambridge, United Kingdom|publisher=Cambridge University Press|isbn=978-0-521-20160-5|url=|ref=harv}}