"Sakellarios" sayfasının sürümleri arasındaki fark

(çeviriye devam)
'''''Sakellarios''''' ({{Dil-el|σακελλάριος}}) İdari ve mali görevlerle görevlendirilmiş bir yetkilidir (bkz. ''sakellē'' ya da ''sakellion'', "para kesesi, hazine"). Bu unvan [[Bizans İmparatorluğu]]'nda çeşitli işlevlerle kullanılmış ve [[Doğu Ortodoks Kilisesi]]'nde kullanımda kalmıştır.
 
== Sivil idare ==Zeno (imparator)
Bilinen ilk ''sakellarios'', İmparator [[Zeno (imparator)|Zeno]] (474–491 arası hükümdar) tarafından atanmış azat edilmiş köle olan Paul isminde birisidir.{{Kdş|ODB|loc="Sakellarios" (A. Kazhdan, P. Magdalino), pp. 1828–1829}}
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The first known ''sakellarios'' was a certain Paul, a [[freedman]] appointed by Emperor [[Zeno (emperor)|Zeno]] (reigned 474–491).{{sfn|ODB|loc="Sakellarios" (A. Kazhdan, P. Magdalino), pp. 1828–1829}} The ''sakellarios'' is hence usually assumed to have headed a ''[[sakellion]]'' (or ''sakella'', ''sakelle''), a term which appears in early [[Byzantine]] sources with the apparent sense of "treasury", more specifically of cash, as opposed to the ''[[vestiarion]]'' which was for goods.{{sfn|ODB|loc="Sakellion" (A. Kajdan, P. Magdalino), pp. 1829–1830}} Despite the origin of the term, the ''sakellarioi'' of the early Byzantine period (5th–7th centuries) are not directly associated with financial matters. Rather they appear connected with the imperial bedchamber (''koiton''), bearing court titles such as ''[[spatharios]]'' or ''[[koubikoularios]]'', while some holders of the office were entrusted with distinctly non-financial tasks: Emperor [[Heraclius]] (r. 610–641) appointed the ''sakellarios'' [[Theodore Trithyrius]] to command against the Arabs, while another ''sakellarios'' conducted the examination of [[Maximos the Confessor]] under [[Constans II]] (r. 641–668).{{sfn|ODB|loc="Sakellarios" (A. Kajdan, P. Magdalino), pp. 1828–1829}}
 
It is only in the early 8th century that ''sakellarioi'' are directly mentioned as treasurers.{{sfn|ODB|loc="Sakellarios" (A. Kajdan, P. Magdalino), pp. 1828–1829}} By the time of the ''[[Taktikon Uspensky]]'' of ca. 843, the ''sakellarios'' had become a general [[comptroller]] of the fiscal bureaux (the ''sekreta''), with notaries reporting to him in each department.{{sfn|ODB|loc="Sakellarios" (A. Kajdan, P. Magdalino), pp. 1828–1829}} The actual head of the ''sakellion'' department from this period on became the ''[[chartoularios tou sakelliou]]''.{{sfn|ODB|loc="Sakellion" (A. Kajdan, P. Magdalino), pp. 1829–1830}}
Imitating the practice of the imperial court, the [[Patriarchate of Constantinople]] had its own ''sakellion''.{{sfn|ODB|loc="Sakellion" (A. Kajdan, P. Magdalino), pp. 1829–1830}} Like his secular counterpart, the patriarchal ''sakellarios'' lost its function as treasurer by the late 11th century and took over the supervision of donations to and the administration of the monasteries of Constantinople. At the same time, it also acquired the prefix ''megas'' and replaced the ''[[megas skeuophylax]]'' as the second-most important official of the patriarchate.{{sfn|ODB|loc="Sakellarios" (A. Kajdan, P. Magdalino), pp. 1828–1829}} By the 13th century, the institution of ''megas sakellarios'' had been replicated in the provincial sees as well.{{sfn|ODB|loc="Sakellarios" (A. Kajdan, P. Magdalino), pp. 1828–1829}}
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