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* {{cite book|first=Agustí|last=Alemany|title=Sources on the Alans: A Critical Compilation|location=Leiden|publisher=Brill|year=2000|pages=170–243|isbn=90-04-11442-4|ref=harv}}
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* {{citeDergi journalkaynağı|last=Anastos|first=Milton V.|year=1962|title=The History of Byzantine Science. Report on the Dumbarton Oaks Symposium of 1961|journal=Dumbarton Oaks Papers|issn=0070-7546|volume=16|pages=409–411| doi=10.2307/1291170|jstor=1291170|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book|last=Angold|first=Michael|title=The Byzantine Empire, 1025–1204: A Political History|location=London|publisher=Longman|year=1997|isbn=978-0-582-29468-4|ref=harv}}
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* {{cite book|last=Apostolides|first=Sophocles Evangelinus|title=Greek Lexicon of the Roman and Byzantine Periods|location=Hildesheim|publisher=Georg Olms|year=1992|isbn=3-487-05765-4|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book|last=Ash|first=John|title=A Byzantine Journey|year=1995|location=New York|publisher=Random House Incorporated|isbn=978-1-84511-307-0|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=1dVtAAAAMAAJ|ref=harv}}
* {{citeDergi journalkaynağı|last=Austin|first=Roland G.|title=Zeno's Game of τάβλη|journal=The Journal of Hellenic Studies|volume=54|issue=2|year=1934|pages=202–205|url=http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/626864|doi=10.2307/626864|ref=harv}}
*{{Kaynak|soyadı=Barker|ad=Ernest|başlık=Bizans Toplumsal ve Siyasal Düşünüşü|yıl=1995|yayıncı=İmge Kitabevi Yayınları|yer=İstanbul|isbn=9755331344|basım=2|yazarbağı=Ernest Barker|diğerleri=Mete Tunçay, çev.}}
* {{citeDergi journalkaynağı|last=Bayless|first=William N.|year=1976|title=The Treaty with the Huns of 443|journal=The American Journal of Philology|volume=97|pages=176–179|jstor=294410|ref=harv|doi=10.2307/294410}}
* {{citeDergi journalkaynağı|last=Baynes|first=Norman Hepburn|year=1912|title=The Restoration of the Cross at Jerusalem|doi=10.1093/ehr/XXVII.CVI.287|journal=The English Historical Review|volume=27|issue=106|issn=0013-8266|pages=287–299|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book|editor1-last=Baynes|editor1-first=Norman Hepburn|editor2-last=Moss|editor2-first=Henry St. Lawrence Beaufort|title=Byzantium: An Introduction to East Roman Civilization|location=Oxford|publisher=Clarendon Press|year=1948|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book|last=Baynes|first=Spencer|chapter=Vlachs|title=Encyclopædia Britannica|edition=11th|location=New York|year=1907|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book|last1=Bury|first1=John Bagnall|last2=Philotheus|title=The Imperial Administrative System of the Ninth Century: With a Revised Text of the Kletorologion of Philotheos|year=1911|location=London|publisher=Oxford University Press|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book|last1=Bury|first1=John Bagnall|title=The Early History of the Slavonic Settlements in Dalmatia, Croatia, & Serbia|location=New York|publisher=Macmillan|year=1920|url=https://archive.org/stream/earlyhistoryofsl00consrich|ref=harv}}
* {{citeDergi journalkaynağı|last=Cameron|first=Averil|authorlink=Averil Cameron|year=1979|title=Images of Authority: Elites and Icons in Late Sixth-century Byzantium|doi=10.1093/past/84.1.3|journal=Past and Present|volume=84|issue=1|page=3|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book|last=Cameron|first=Averil|title=The Byzantines|year=2006|location=Oxford|publisher=Blackwell|isbn=978-1-4051-9833-2|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book|last=Cameron|first=Averil|script-title=el:Οι Βυζαντινοί|location=Athens|publisher=Psychogios|year=2009|language=Greek|isbn=978-960-453-529-3|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book|last=Davidson|first=Alan|title=The Oxford Companion to Food|year=2014|location=Oxford|publisher=Oxford University Press|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=RL6LAwAAQBAJ|ref=harv}}
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* {{citeDergi journalkaynağı|last=Day|first=Gerald W.|title=Manuel and the Genoese: A Reappraisal of Byzantine Commercial Policy in the Late Twelfth Century|journal=The Journal of Economic History|volume=37 |issue=2|pages=289–301|doi=10.1017/S0022050700096947|year=1977|jstor=2118759|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book|last=Dennis|first=George T.|title=Three Byzantine Military Treatises|location=Washington, DC|publisher=Dumbarton Oaks|year=1985|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book|last=Diehl|first=Charles|authorlink=Charles Diehl|chapter=Byzantine Art|editor1-last=Baynes|editor1-first=Norman Hepburn|editor2-last=Moss|editor2-first=Henry St. Lawrence Beaufort|title=Byzantium: An Introduction to East Roman Civilization|location=Oxford|publisher=Clarendon|year=1948|oclc=1058121|ref=harv}}
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* {{cite book|last=Gibbon|first=Edward|authorlink=Edward Gibbon|title=The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire (Volumes II, III, and IX)|editor=J. B. Bury (with an Introduction by W. E. H. Lecky)|location=New York|publisher=Fred de Fau|year=1906|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book|last=Grabar|first=André|title=L'iconoclasme Byzantin: le dossier archéologique|publisher=Flammarion|year=1984|isbn=2-08-081634-9|ref=harv}}
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* {{cite book|last=Kaegi|first=Walter Emil|title=Heraclius, Emperor of Byzantium|location=Cambridge|publisher=Cambridge University Press|year=2003|isbn=0-521-81459-6|ref=harv}}
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* {{cite book|last=Kean|first=Roger Michael|title=Forgotten Power: Byzantium: Bulwark of Christianity|location=Shropshire|publisher=Thalamus|year=2006|isbn=1-902886-07-0|ref=harv}}
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* {{citeDergi journalkaynağı|last=Klein|first=Holgen A.|title=Eastern Objects and Western Desires: Relics and Reliquaries between Byzantium and the West|journal=Dumbarton Oaks Papers|volume=58|year=2004|pages=283–314|jstor=3591389|ref=harv|doi=10.2307/3591389}}
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* {{cite book|last=Laiou|first=Angeliki E.|authorlink=Angeliki Laiou|title=The Economic History of Byzantium (Volume 2)|year=2002|location=Washington, DC|publisher=Dumbarton Oaks|editor=Angeliki E. Laiou|chapter=Exchange and Trade, Seventh-Twelfth Centuries|pages=697–708|url=http://www.doaks.org/resources/publications/doaks-online-publications/byzantine-studies/the-economic-history-of-byzantium/ehb36-trade|ref=harv}}
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*
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{{Refend}}