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* Pinoteau, Hervé (2004) ''La symbolique royale française, Ve - XVIIIe siècle'', Paris:P.S.R. éditions, ISBN 978-2908571363 {{fr}}
*James, Edward , (1991) ''[he Origins of France: Clovis to the Capetians 500-1000''. ISBN 0-333-27052-5. {{ingEn icon}}
*Jame, Edward James, ( 1991) ''The Franks.'' Blackwell. ISBN 0-631-17936-4.
*The history of France as recounted in the ''[[Grandes Chroniques de France]]'', and particularly in the personal copy produced for [[Charles V of France|King Charles V]] between 1370 and 1380 that is the saga of the three great dynasties, the [[Merovingian]]s, [[Carolingian]]s, and the [[House of Capet|Capetian Rulers of France]], that shaped the institutions and the frontiers of the realm. It should be noted that this work was commissioned at a time that France was embroiled in the [[Hundred Years' War]] with England, a war fought over hereditary claims to the throne of France. It must therefore be read with a careful eye toward biases meant to justify the Capetian claims of continuity and inheritance.
*'' The Cambridge Illustrated History of France'', Cambridge:Cambridge University Press. {{ingEn icon}}
* Paul Fouracre ve Richard A. Gerberding, () ''Late Merovingian France: History and Hagiography, 640-720''. Manchester:Manchester University Pres]. ISBN 0-7190-4791-9. {{ingEn icon}}
*Geary, Patrick, (1988), ''Before France and Germany: The Creation and Transformation of the Merovingian World.'' Oxford: Oxford U. Press, 1988. ISBN 0-19-504458-4. {{ingEn icon}}
*Geary, Patrick (2001) ''The Myth of Nations: The Medieval Origins of Europe.'' Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-11481-1. {{ingEn icon}}