"Ayyavaji" sayfasının sürümleri arasındaki fark

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{{ayyavazhi}}
'''Ayyavazhi''' ([[Tamil dili|Tamil]]: அய்யாவழி [[Malayalam dili|Malayalam]]: അയ്യാവഴി <ref>The '[[ɻ|zh]]i' ([[ழி]]) portion of the word, 'Ayyavazhi', is a [[Retroflex approximant|retroflex]], and it is correctly [[transliteration|transliterated]] according to the [[National Library at Kolkata romanization]] as ''ayyava<u>l</u>i''.</ref> -''"Tanrı'nın yolu"'') 19 yy.'da [[Güney Hindistan]]'da ortaya çıkmış<ref name= "Ayya vazhi religion from Tha .Krishna Nathan">Tha. Krishna Nathan, ''Ayyaa vaikuNdarin vaazvum sinthanaiyum'', p. 62: "அவர் (வைகுண்டர்) மாற்றுப் பிறப்பு பெற்ற நாளே அய்யாவழி சமய மரபு தோற்றம் பெற்ற நாள்(கி.பி.1833) எனக் கூறலாம்." (The day at which Vaikundar is given rebirth could be considered as the date of origin of 'Ayyavazhi religion'.)</ref> [[Dharma]]tik bir inanç sistemidir<ref name= "Ayyavazhi belief system">Arisundara Mani, ''Akilathirattu Ammanai Parayana Urai'' p. 4</ref>. Çeşitli yayınlar<ref>The following morning and evening dailies calls Ayyavazhi as a separate religion:
*[[Malai Malar]] (leading evening [[Tamil language|Tamil]] daily), ''Nagercoil Edition'', 4 March 2007, p. 5, "சுவாமி ஊர்வலத்தை அய்யாவழி பக்தர்கள் சமய தலைவர் பால பிரஜாபதி அடிகளார்..." (this report calls Ayyavazhi ('அய்யாவழி சமயம்') "a separate religion");
*[[Dinakaran]] (Tamil Daily), Nagercoil Edition, 1 March 2007, p. 3: "அய்யாவழி சமய தலைவர் பால பிரஜாபதி அடிகளார் அடிக்கல் நாட்டினார்"("Bala Prajapathi Adikalar the head of Ayyavazhi religion laid foundation stone for the&nbsp;...");
*[[Dinakaran]] (Tamil Daily), Nagercoil Edition, 14 February 2011, p. 2: "...தலைமை பதிக்கு வந்த ரவிசங்கர்ஜியை அய்யாவழி சமய தலைவர் பால பிரஜாபதி அடிகளார் வரவேற்றார்."("Bala Prajapathi Adikalar the head of Ayyavazhi religion welcomed [[Sri Sri Ravi Shankar]] who arrived here in [[Swamithope pathi]]...");
*[[Dina Thanthi]], Nagercoil Edition, 2/3/2007, p. 5. "மாநாட்டுக்கு அய்யாவழி சமய தலைவர் பால பிரஜாபதி அடிகளார் தலைமை தாங்குகிறார்." Translation – "The religious conference is led by Bala Prajapathi Adikalar, the head of Ayyavazhi religion." This news from a leading news paper in India, on reporting the 175th Ayya Vaikunda Avataram, calls Ayyavazhi a religion, and Bala Prajapathi Adikalar the head of Ayyavazhi religion;
*[[Tamil Murasu]] (4/3/2006), p. 3:"இதையொட்டி குமரி மாவட்டம் சாமி தோப்பில் 'அய்யா வழி சமய' மாநாடு (the conference of 'Ayyavazhi religion') உள்பட..."</ref><ref>{{Web kaynağı | url = http://www.kollywoodtoday.com/news/nallakannu-watches-ayyavazhi/ | başlık = Nallakannu Watches Ayyavazhi | erişimtarihi = 2008-06-09 | format = www.kollywoodtoday.com | iş = " They follow a religion based on his principles, which is called Ayyavazhi." | arşivurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20090203115546/http://www.kollywoodtoday.com:80/news/nallakannu-watches-ayyavazhi/ | arşivtarihi = 3 Şubat 2009}}</ref><ref>{{Haber kaynağı|url= http://www.hindu.com/2010/03/05/stories/2010030559770600.htm|başlık= Ayyavazhi followers visit Swamithoppu|erişimtarihi=2010-03-05 |format= The Hindu|iş=" By the middle of nineteenth century, Ayyavazhi was recognised as an independent religion..."|yer=Chennai, India|date=2010-03-05}}</ref>, hükümet raporları<ref>{{Web kaynağı | url = http://www.tn.gov.in/pressrelease/districts/pr130108/pr130108_KKM_45.PDF | başlık = Bala Prajapathi Adikalar Manivizha | accessdate = 2009-03-22 | format = www.tn.gov.in | work = "The Maniviza (fest) for Bala Prajapathi Adikalar, the head of Ayyavazhi religion&nbsp;..."(Tamil:Press release No-45/13-01-2008.) | arşivengelli = evet}} {{Dead link|date=October 2010|bot=H3llBot}}</ref><ref>{{Web kaynağı | url = http://www.textbooksonline.tn.nic.in/Books/12/Std12-History-EM.pdf | başlık = Sri Vaikunda Swamigal | accessdate = 2010-05-22 | format = Tamilnadu Text book Corporation | iş = "By the midnineteenth century, Ayyavazhi came to be recognized as a separate religion and spread in the regions of South Travancore and South Tirunelveli." | arşivurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20150513054741/http://www.textbooksonline.tn.nic.in:80/Books/12/Std12-History-EM.pdf | arşivtarihi = 13 Mayıs 2015}}</ref> ve akademik araştırmalar<ref>G. Patrick, ''Religion and Subaltern Agency'', Chapter 5, pp. 120–121. '"it may be concluded that, AV emerged as a 'new and singular' religious phenomenon in that context"''</ref><ref>{{Kitap kaynağı|url= http://books.google.co.in/books?id=ZGlzKB4S8NQC&dq=Samuel+Mateer,+The+Land+of+Charity&ots=yyUQ78KIQY&sig=7ZfAdI3aGuMZhqWNEffHA_7aYTM&prev=http://www.google.co.in/search%3Fhl%3Den%26q%3DSamuel%2BMateer%252C%2BThe%2BLand%2Bof%2BCharity%26btnG%3DGoogle%2BSearch%26meta%3D&sa=X&oi=print&ct=result&cd=1&q=Samuel%20Mateer,%20The%20Land%20of%20Charity&pgis=1|başlık= The Land of Charity|accessdate= 2008-01-23|format= Samuel Mateer|work="this singular people display considerable zeal in the defence and propagation" (This author's view is negative over the 'belief of Ayyavazhi', but this book is cited here only to reflect the then structure of Ayyavazhi on the social and religious ground as viewed by an outsider.)}}</ref><ref name= "Historical Dictionary of Shamanism">Graham Harvey and Robert J. Wallis, (2007), ''Historical Dictionary of Shamanism'', ISBN 0-8108-5798-7, Scarecrow Press, pp. 101</ref><ref>M.C. Raj (2001), ''Dalitology: The Book of the Dalit People'', Ambedkar Resource Centre, Tumkūr, India, p. 422, "The Shanans also started a non-Brahminic religion called Ayya Vazhi." ISBN 81-87367-04-0</ref> bunun bağımsız [[monistik]] bir din<ref>N. Vivekanandan, ''Akilathirattu Ammanai moolamum Uraiyum'', Volume 2, p. 97</ref> olduğunu belirtirler. Ayyavazhi'nin bir [[Hinduizm mezhepleri|Hindu mezhebi]] olduğunu savunan görüşlerdegörüşler de mevcuttur.<ref>{{Web kaynağı | url = http://www.hinduonnet.com/thehindu/thscrip/print.pl?file=2008040650670200.htm&date=2008/04/06/&prd=th& | başlık = Tamil Nadu – Nagercoil | erişimtarihi = 2009-04-15 | format = Gold ornaments stolen from temple | iş = "... which was the headquarters of Ayya Vazhi sect, had been decorated with jewels in view of the ongoing festival&nbsp;..." | arşivengelli = evet}}</ref><ref>Dr. R. Ponnu, ''Sri Vaikunda Swamigal and the Struggle for Social Equality in South India'', p. 98</ref><ref>{{Web kaynağı|url= http://www.maduraijesuits.org/MNLOCT06.pdf|başlık= Madurai News Letter|erişimtarihi=2008-01-23 |format= Thozhamai Illam, Kanyakumari|iş="Fr. Maria Jeyaraj arranged an inter-faith dialogue at Samithoppu, Kanyakumari, on 'Akila Thirattu Ammanai' and 'Arul Nool', the scriptures of 'Ayya Vazhi', an 'important sect of Hinduism'. The present head of Ayya Vazhi, Sri Bala Prajapathi Adigalar, guided the meeting." |archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20071129185217/http://www.maduraijesuits.org/MNLOCT06.pdf <!-- Bot retrieved archive --> |archivedate = 2007-11-29}}</ref> Hindistan nüfus sayımlarında bu dinin takipçilerinin büyük çoğunluğu kendilerini [[Hindu]] olarak tanıtmıştır.
 
Ayyavazhi, hayatın merkezindedir ve [[Ayya Vaikundar]] dini lideridir. O, fikirlerini ve felsefesini ''[[Akilattirattu Ammanai]]'' ve ''[[Arul Nool]]'' kutsal kitaplarında toplamıştır. Buna göre Ayya Vaikundar, [[Narayana]]'nın [[avatar]]ıdır. Ayyavazhi'nin, mitoloji ve uygulamada Hinduizm ile birçok fikir paylaşımları mevcuttur, ancak; [[iyi ve kötü]] ve [[dharma]] kavramları oldukça farklıdır.<ref>G. Patrick, ''Religion and Subaltern Agency'', pp. 111–113,</ref> Ayyavazhi, dharmatik inanç olarak sınıflandırılmaktadır çünkü dharmanın merkezine odaklanmıştır.<ref>G. Patrick, Religion and Subaltern Agency, pp. 160–161.</ref>
 
Ayyavazhi takipçileri, Hindistan'ın geneline yayılmış olmasına karşın, özellikle Tamil Nadu ve Kerala eyaletlerinde yoğunlaşmışlardır. Sayılarının 8 ile 10 milyon arasında olduğu tahmin edilmektedir.
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