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|on
|*deḱm̥(t)
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=== Kinship ===
{| class="wikitable" style="border:1px; background-color: #f7f8ff"
! style="width: 15em" |Root
! style="width: 15em" |Meaning
!Derivatives
|-
|*ph₂tḗr
|anne
|Sanskrit {{l|sa|मनु|}}, Albanian njeri, Avestan Manuščiθra, English {{l|ang|mann}}/{{l|en|man}}, German man/[[Mann]], Gothic manna, Old Norse maðr, Latin mas, Old Church Slavonic {{l|cu|мѫжь}}, Russian {{l|ru|муж}}, Macedonian мaж ‎(maž), Lithuanian žmogus, Kamviri mânša, Polish [[mąż]], Czech muž, Slovak muž, Pashto merrë
|-
|*méh₂tēr
|baba
|Tocharian ñom/ñem, Latin {{l|la|nōmen}}, French [[nom]], Spanish [[nombre]], Portuguese [[nome]], Umbrian nome, English {{l|ang|nama}}/{{l|en|name}}, German namo/[[Name]], Old Norse nafn, Gothic namo, Sanskrit nāman, Avestan nąman, Ancient Greek {{l|grc|ὄνομα}}, Old Church Slavonic {{l|cu|имѧ}}, Russian {{l|ru|имя}}, Czech jméno, Slovak meno, Macedonian имe ‎(ime), Albanian emër/êmën, Irish ainm/[[ainm]], Welsh anu/[[enw]], Hittite lāman, Kamviri nom, Persian nāma/nām, Old Armenian {{l|xcl|անուն}}, Polish [[imię]], Old Prussian emnes, Pashto num
|-
|*bʰréh₂tēr
|erkek kardeş
|Sanskrit vīra, Avestan vīra, Latin [[vir]], Umbrian viru, Lithuanian vyras, Latvian vīrs, Tocharian wir, German wer/[[Werwolf]], Gothic wair, Old Norse verr, English {{l|ang|wer}}/{{l|en|werewolf}}, Old Prussian wirs, Irish fer/[[fear]], Welsh [[gŵr]], Gaulish uiro-, Albanian burrë, Kurdish miro
|-
|*swésōr
|kız kardeş
|Russian {{l|ru|жена|tr=žená}}, Polish [[żona]], Czech žena, Slovak žena, Avestan gənā, Ancient Greek {{l|grc|γυνή}}, English {{l|ang|cwēn}}/{{l|en|queen}}, Sanskrit gnā;jani, Old Prussian genno, Old Armenian {{l|xcl|կին}}, Albanian gru, Irish ben/[[bean]], Welsh benyw, Kashmiri zanānū', Old Church Slavonic {{l|cu|жєна}}, Gothic qinō, Old Norse kona, German quena/--, Persian /zan, Phrygian knaik, Tocharian śäṁ/śana, Luwian wanatti-, Pashto šëdza/khëdza, Kurdish jin
|-
|*suHnús
|evlat(erkek)
|Ancient Greek {{l|grc|ἀννίς}}, Latin anus, Illyr. ana, German ano/ahn, Lithuanian anyta, Hittite hannas, Old Armenian {{l|xcl|հան}}, Russian {{l|ru|внук}}, Serbo-Croatian unuk, Slovak vnuk, Old Prussian ane, Pashto nikë
|-
|*dʰugh₂tḗr
|evlat(kız)
|Albanian [[atë]], Latin {{l|la|pater}}, French {{l|fr|père}}, Spanish {{l|es|padre}}, Oscan patír, Umbrian pater, Ancient Greek {{l|grc|πατήρ}}, Tocharian pācar/pācer, Gaulish ātir, Sanskrit pitṛ, German fater/[[Vater]], Irish athir/athair, English {{l|ang|fæder}}/{{l|en|father}}, Welsh gwaladr, Kashmiri petū'r, Persian pitā/pedar, Ossetian fyd/, Old Norse faðir, Gothic faðar, Gaulish Ateronius, Pashto plaar, Macedonian татко ‎(tatko)
|-
|*h₁widʰéwh₂
|yiğen
|Old Armenian {{l|xcl|մայր}}, Albanian ëmë, Lithuanian moteris, Latvian māte, Old Prussian mūti, Gaulish mātir, Irish máthir/[[máthair]], Kashmiri mā.j, Latin {{l|la|māter}}, French [[mère]], Spanish [[madre]], Oscan maatreís, Umbrian matrer, Ancient Greek {{l|grc|μήτηρ}}, Russian {{l|ru|мать}}, Sanskrit mātṛ, Avestan mātar, Tocharian mācar/mācer, German muoter/[[Mutter]], English mōdor/[[mother]], Welsh [[modryb]], Kamviri motr, Old Norse móðir, Persian /mādar, Phrygian mater, Ossetian mad/madæ, Polish [[matka]], Czech [[matka]], Slovak matka, Old Church Slavonic {{l|cu|мати}}, Serb. mater/majka/mati, Macedonian мајка ‎(majka), Pashto mor
|-
|{{l|ine-pro|*bʰréh₂tēr}}
|[[brother]]
|Albanian vëlla, Old Armenian {{l|xcl|եղբայր}}, English brōþor/[[brother]], Kashmiri boy, Latin {{l|la|frāter}}, French {{l|fr|frère}}, Umbrian fratrom, Ancient Greek {{l|grc|φράτηρ}}, Tocharian pracar/procer, Kamviri bṛo, Russian {{l|ru|брат|tr=brat}}, German bruoder/[[Bruder]], Welsh [[brawd]], Sanskrit bhrātṛ, Irish bráthir/[[bráthair]], Lithuanian brolis, Latvian brālis, Gaulish brātir, Persian brātar/barādar, Phrygian brater, Illyr. bra, Gothic brōþar, Old Norse bróðir, Old Prussian brāti, Old Church Slavonic {{l|cu|братръ}}, Ossetian ærvad/, Avestan brātar, Oscan fratrúm, Polish [[brat]], Czech bratr, Slovak brat, Kurdish bira, Venetic vhraterei, Lydian brafr-, Pashto wror
|-
|{{l|ine-pro|*swésōr}}
|[[sister]]
|Albanian motër, English {{l|ang|sweostor}}/{{l|en|sister}}, German swester/[[Schwester]], Sanskrit svasṛ, Old Church Slavonic {{l|cu|сєстра|sc=Cyrl|tr=sestra}}, Russian {{l|ru|сестра|tr=sestrá}}, Polish siostra, Czech sestra, Slovak sestra, Latin [[soror]], French [[sœur]], Kamviri sus, Irish siur/[[siur]], Old Armenian {{l|xcl|քոյր}}, Tocharian ṣar/ṣer, Ancient Greek eor/--, Welsh chwaer, Gaulish suiior, Old Norse systir, Gothic swistar, Avestan xvaṅhar, Lithuanian sesuo, Old Prussian swestro, Persian /xāhar, Pashto khor, Kurdish xwişk
|-
|{{l|ine-pro|*suHnús}}
|[[son]]
|Sanskrit sūnu, Avestan hunu, Lithuanian sūnus, Old Prussian sūnus, soūns, English sunu/[[son]], German sunu/[[Sohn]], Gothic sunus, Old Norse sonr, Old Church Slavonic {{l|cu|сꙑнъ|sc=Cyrl|tr=synŭ}}, Russian {{l|ru|сын|tr=syn}}, Polish [[syn]], Czech [[syn]], Slovak syn, Macedonian син ‎(sin), Ancient Greek {{l|grc|υἱός}}, Tocharian se/soṃśke, Irish suth/suth, Thracian sukis, Pashto zoy
|-
|{{l|ine-pro|*dʰugh₂tḗr}}
|[[daughter]]
|Sanskrit duhitṛ, Ancient Greek {{l|grc|θυγάτηρ}}, Tocharian ckācar/tkācer, English dohtor/daughter, Russian {{l|ru|дочь|tr=doč’}}, Old Armenian {{l|xcl|դուստր}}, German tohter/Tochter, Kamviri jü, Gaulish duxtīr, Persian /doxtar, Lithuanian duktė, Old Prussian duckti, Old Church Slavonic {{l|cu|дъщи|sc=Cyrl|tr=dŭšti}}, Bulgarian дъщеря (dŭshterya), Serbian кћер (kćer), Slovak dcéra, Macedonian ќерка ‎(kjerka), Old Norse dóttir, Gothic daúhtar, Avestan duydar, Luwian tuwatar, duttariyata, Hittite duttariyatiyaš, Pashto lur
|-
|{{l|ine-pro|*dayh₂wḗr}}
|[[husband]][['s]] [[brother]]
|Sanskrit devar, Russian {{l|ru|деверь|tr=déver’}}, Polish dziewierz, Lithuanian dieveris, Latvian dieveris, Latin lēvir, German zeihhur/--, English tācor/--, Ancient Greek {{l|grc|δαήρ}}, Old Armenian {{l|xcl|տայգր}}, Old Church Slavonic dĕverĭ, Serb. dever, Pashto lewar
|-
|{{l|ine-pro|*sweḱruH}}
|[[father]]-/[[mother-in-law]]
|Russian {{l|ru|свекровь|tr=svekróv’}}, Sanskrit śvaśura;śvaśrū, Lithuanian šešuras, German swigur/Schwäher, Welsh chwegr, Old Armenian {{l|xcl|սկեսուր}}, Latin socrus, Spanish [[suegra]], Ancient Greek {{l|grc|ἑκυρός}}, Albanian vjehërr, Kamviri č.uč., English swēor/--, Avestan xvasura-, Polish świekra, Czech švagr({{g|m}})/švagrová({{g|f}}), Slovak svokor/svokra, Gothic swaíhrō, Old Norse svǽra, Serb. svekar({{g|m}})/svekrva({{g|f}}), Pashto skhër({{g|m}}) / khwaašëi/khwaakhëi({{g|f}})
|-
|{{l|ine-pro|*snusós}}
|[[daughter-in-law]]
|Sanskrit snuṣā, Old Church Slavonic snŭxa, English snoru/--, Latin nurus, Spanish nuera, Ancient Greek {{l|grc|νυός}}, Old Armenian {{l|xcl|նու}}, Polish snecha, Czech snacha, Russian {{l|ru|сноха|tr=snoxá}}, Albanian nusa, [[Crimean Gothic language|Crimean Gothic]] schuos, Old Norse snor, German snur/Schnur, Serb. snaja/snaha, Macedonian снаа/снајка/снашка ‎(snaa/snajka/snaška), Pashto nžor/ngor
|-
|{{l|ine-pro|*ǵh₂lōw-}}
|[[brother]][['s]] [[wife]]
|Old Church Slavonic zlŭva, Russian {{l|ru|золовка|tr=zolóvka}}, Ancient Greek {{l|grc|γάλοως}}, Latin glōs, Phrygian gelaros, Polish zełwa, Serbo-Croatian zaova, Macedonian золва (zolva)
|-
|{{l|ine-pro|*yenh₂ter-}}
|[[brother-in-law]][['s]] [[wife]]
|Latin ianitrīcēs, Ancient Greek einatēr, Lithuanian jentė, Latvian ietere, Russian {{l|ru|ятровь}}, Sanskrit yātar, Kamviri iâri, Old Armenian {{l|xcl|ներ}}, Phrygian ianatera, Polish jątrew, Serb. jetrva, Pashto yor
|-
|{{l|ine-pro|*h₂éwh₂os}}
|[[grandfather]]/[[mother]][['s]] [[brother]]
|Latin avus; avunculus, Spanish Abuelo, Gaulish avontīr, Ancient Greek aia, Lithuanian avynas, Old Prussian awis, Welsh ewythr, Old Armenian {{l|xcl|հաւ}}, Old Church Slavonic uy, English ēam/--, Irish aue/ó, Gothic awó, German ōheim/Oheim, Russian {{l|ru|уй|tr=uj}}, Slovak ujo, Polish wuj, Serb. ujak, Macedonian вујко ‎(vujko)
|-
|{{l|ine-pro|*nepot-}}
|[[grandson]]/[[nephew]]
|Latin nepōs, French [[neveu]], Catalan nebot, Spanish nieto, Sanskrit napāt, Avestan napāt, Ancient Greek {{l|grc|ἀνεψιός}}, Albanian nip, Russian {{l|ru|нестера|tr=nestera}}, English nefa/neve, Gaulish nei, German nevo/Neffe, Welsh nai, Kamviri nâvo, Persian napā/nave, Lithuanian nepuotis, Irish necht/; níath/, Old Church Slavonic nestera, Polish nieściora, Serb. nećak, Macedonian внук ‎(vnuk)
|-
|{{l|ine-pro|*h₁widʰéwh₂}}
|[[widow]]
|Sanskrit vidhyati, Avestan viðavā, Gothic widuwō, Old Prussian widdewu, Russian {{l|ru|вдова|tr=vdová}}, Latin vidua;dīvidō, French [[veuve]], Spanish [[viuda]], Irish fedb/, German wituwa/Witwe, Welsh gweddw, Polish wdowa, English widuwe/widow, Old Church Slavonic {{l|cu|въдова|sc=Cyrl|tr=vŭdova}}, Persian /bēve(h), Ancient Greek eitheos, Umbrian uef, Lithuanian vidus, Latvian vidus, Serb. udova/udovica, Macedonian вдовица ‎(vdovica), Czech vdova, Slovak vdova
|-
|{{l|ine-pro|*gʰóstis}}
|[[stranger]]/[[guest]]
|Russian {{l|ru|гость|tr=gost’}}, Latin {{l|la|hostis}}, French [[hôte]], German gast/Gast, Gothic gasts, Polish gość, Old Church Slavonic {{l|cu|гость|sc=Cyrl|tr=gostĭ}}, English gæst/guest, Old Norse gestr, Luwian gaši, Macedonian гост/гостин ‎(gost/gostin), Serb. gost, Czech host, Slovak hosť
|}