"Penahali Han" sayfasının sürümleri arasındaki fark

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'''Penah Ali Han''' (d. 1693, [[Terter]]; ö. 1761, [[Şiraz]] | [[Azerbaycan Türkçesi]]''':''' Pənahəli xan), 1693'te [[Azerbaycan]]'ın [[Terter]] ilinde doğan [[Karabağ Hanlığı]]'nın kurucusu ve ilk hanıdır.<ref>[http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-129462/Azerbaijan "History of Azerbaijan"] ''Encyclopædia Britannica'' Online:</ref><ref>[http://vostlit.info/Texts/rus2/Bakihanov/frametext4.htm Abbas-gulu Aga Bakikhanov. Golestan-i Iram]</ref>[[Dosya:Penaheli xanin mezar dasi.jpg|right|thumb|240px|Penah Ali Han'ın Azerbaycan Ulusal Tarih Müzesi'ndeki kabri.]]
== Yaşamı ==
==Kökeni ve yaşamının ilk yılları==
[[Karabağ Hanlığı]]'nın kurucusudur. Ülkenin soylu ailelerinden Cevanşir uruğuna mensup bir ailenin çocuğu olarak [[Karabağ]]'ın Alakargu köyünde dünyaya gelmiştir. Babası, İbrahim Halil Ağa'dır.
Penah Ali Han, Cevanşir uruğundandır.
 
=== Gençliği ===
Panah Ali Khan was from the Sarijali branch of the clan of [[Javanshir clan|Javanshir]], who with their associate clan of ''Otuz-Iki'' (meaning ''thirty-two'' in [[Azerbaijani language|Azerbaijani]]) had for long been rivals of the ''Yirmi-Dört'' (meaning ''twenty-four'' in [[Azerbaijani language|Azerbaijani]]) and [[Qajar dynasty|Ziyadoglu Qajars]] of [[Ganja, Azerbaijan|Ganja]], whose chiefs had been official rulers of Karabakh since [[Safavid]] times.<ref name="tapper114">{{cite book
Genç yaşlarında, [[Afşar]] komutanı [[Nadir Şah Afşar]]'ın yanında, ordu hizmetine girmiştir. Nadir Şah'ın yanındayken, devletle ilgili incelikleri öğrenmeye başlamıştır. [[Muğan Kurultaı]]'nda Nadir Şah'ın aleyhine oy verince, Nadir Şah tarafından [[Horasan]]'a sürgün edilmiştir.<ref name=":0">[[Qarabağnamələr|Qarabağnamə]], [[Mirzə Adıgözəl bəy]], 1950, s. 54</ref> Penah Ali, buna rağmen kendisine bağlı kişilerle geri dönmüş ve bir süre Karabağ Dağlarında, bir süre ise [[Şeki]]'de gizlenmiştir.
| last = Tapper
| first = Richard
| title = Frontier Nomads of Iran: A Political and Social History of the Shahsevan
| publisher = Cambridge University Press
| year = 1997
| location =
| pages = 114
| isbn = 0-521-47340-3}}</ref>
 
Panah Ali's paternal great grandfather and namesake Panah Ali bey served at the court of [[Ganja, Azerbaijan|Ganja]] [[beylerbey]]s (governors) in the early 17th century, at the time when the region's was directly controlled by the [[Safavid Empire]] of [[Iran]]. He soon retired, married a woman from the [[Javanshir clan]] of [[Karabakh]] and had a son by the name of Ali (nicknamed Sarija Ali). They lived in their estate located in Arasbar ([[Arasbaran]]) (present-day [[Khojavend Rayon|Khojavend]] and [[Agdam Rayon|Agdam]] rayons of [[Azerbaijan]]) but also owned land in [[Tartar (rayon)|Tartar]] and the northern shores of the [[Aras River]]. The Arasbar estate was rebuilt into a castle in Sarija Ali's son Ibrahim Khalil's lifetime and has been known as Ibrahim Khalil Galasi since.<ref name="adigozel">Mirza Adigozel-bek, Karabakh-name (1845), Baku, 1950, p. 54</ref>
 
After the dethronement of the [[Safavids]] in 1736 by [[Nader Shah]], the landed classes of Ganja and Karabakh gathered in Mugan (the Javanshirs were also among them) deciding to oppose the new [[shah]] and agreeing on trying to get the Safavids back on the throne. When this news reached Nader Shah, he ordered all Muslim landowners of the region and their families deported to [[Greater Khorasan|Khorasan]] (northeastern [[Iran]]) as a punishment. As such, Panah Ali happened to be among the deportees.<ref name="adigozel"/>
 
In 1747, Panah Ali, by then already a successful ''[[naib]]'' and royal gérant de maison, found himself displeased with Nader Shah's attitude towards him and having gathered many of those deported from Karabakh in 1736, returned to his homeland. Due to his reputation as a skillful warrior and his wealthy ancestor's legacy in Karabakh, Panah Ali proclaimed himself and was soon recognized throughout most of the region as a ruler ([[Khan (title)|khan]]). The shah sent troops to bring back the runaway however the order was never fulfilled: Nader Shah himself was killed in Khorasan in June of the same year. The new ruler of Persia, [[Adil Shah]] issued a ''[[firman (decree)]]'' recognizing Panah Ali as the Khan of Karabakh.<ref name="adigozel"/>
 
==Karabakh Khanate==
9.778

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