Asılı manyetik araç: Revizyonlar arasındaki fark

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'''ASMA (Asılı Manyetik Araç)''', ilk kez 1990'da [[Douglas Malewicki]] tarafından önerildikten sonra [[Unimodal]] tarafından arge çalışmaları yürütülen hızlı kişisel ulaşım sistemidir.<ref>{{cite journal| url=http://web.archive.org/web/20010218143931/skytran.net/press/sciam04.htm| title=Maglev: A New Approach| journal=Scientific American| date=Ocak 2000}}</ref> Unimodal, bu sistemle geliştirilme çalışmalarına başladığı ilk prototip modeline SkyTran adını verilmiştir. SkyTran'ın test edileceği manyetik zemin üstü demiryolu sisteminin tam ölçekli bir tasarımı [[General Atomics]] tarafından inşa edilmiştir.<ref name="LLNL">{{cite web| url=http://www.llnl.gov/str/October04/Post.html| title=Magentically Levitate Train Takes Flight| website=Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory| first=Gabriele| last=Rennie}}</ref>  ASMA'lar yerden yüksekte oluşturulmuş durağan bir manyetik demir ağda ilerlemektedir. Aracın 100 km'de 1.2 litre yakıt sarf etmesi ve saatte 160 km'ye kadar hızlanabilmesi planlanmaktadır.[1] UniModal, ASMA'ların gelişimi için güncel olarak [[NASA]] ile iş birliği içerisinde çalışmaktadır.<ref>{{cite web| url=http://www.nasa.gov/topics/nasalife/features/unimodal.html| accessdate=November 1, 2010| title=NASA Partners to Revolutionize Personal Transportation| date=Eylül 2, 2009| website=NASA}}</ref>  Zemin üstü demiryolu sistemi, pilot uygulama olarak İsrail'in başkenti [[Tel Aviv]]'de inşa edilmeye başlanmıştır.<ref>{{cite news|title=Israel Is Building a Futuristic Transit System of Magnetic Pods|url=http://www.wired.com/2014/06/israel-pod-transport/|accessdate=8 Ocak 2015|date=26 Haziran 2014}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|last1=RABINOVITCH|first1=ARI|title=Futuristic elevated transport system to be built in Israel|url=http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/06/24/us-skytran-israel-idUSKBN0EZ1HE20140624|accessdate=8 Ocak 2015|publisher=Reuters|date=24 Haziran 2014}}</ref> [[Fransa]], [[Almanya]], [[Hindistan]], [[Endonezya]], [[Pakistan]], [[Malezya]], [[Suudi Arabistan]], [[Slovenya]], [[İngiltere]] ve [[ABD]] bu sistemi yaşama geçirmeyi planlayan diğer ülkelerdir.<ref>{{cite news| url=http://www.forbes.com/sites/trevorclawson/2014/10/23/sky-tran-targets-europe-but-can-it-beat-the-bureaucracy/| title=Sky Tran Targets Europe -- But Can It Beat The Bureaucracy| date=Ekim 23, 2014| first=Trevor| last=Clawson| website=Forbes}}</ref><ref>{{cite web| url=http://io9.com/this-futuristic-looking-mass-transit-system-is-really-h-950593364| title=(untitled)| archiveurl=| archivedate=}}{{dead link|date=Aralık 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite web| url=http://money.cnn.com/2015/10/23/smallbusiness/skytran-air-taxis/| title=Sky taxis are about to become a reality| website=CNN Money| first=Parija| last=Kavilanz| date=Ocak 23, 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite web| url=https://www.techinasia.com/network-levitating-pods-change-urban-india-travels/| title=Can a network of levitating pods change how urban India travels?| date=Eylül 2, 2015| website=Tech In Asia| first=Meghna| last=Rao}}</ref>
 
== System details ==
===Ayrıca Bakınız===
To minimize maintenance and make switching on and off the tracks efficient at high speeds, early versions of the system proposed using the [[Inductrack]] passive [[magnetic levitation]] system instead of wheels. Passive maglev requires no external power to levitate vehicles. Rather, the magnetic repulsion is produced by the movement of the vehicle over shorted wire coils in the track.<ref name="LLNL" /> The cars would be driven by a [[Linear motor]] in the track or vehicle. Therefore, the system will have very few [[moving parts]]; primarily just the vehicle itself moving along the track, its parking wheels and door, and fans in heating and air conditioning units; so its promoters refer to the system as "solid state".<ref>{{cite web| url=http://www.aerowebspace.com/AIAA/archives/SkyTran.pdf| title=Solid state| archiveurl=| archivedate=}}{{dead link|date=December 2015}}</ref>
 
The passive maglev coils are enclosed and supported by a light shell called a [[Automated guideway transit|guideway]] that also captures the vehicles mechanically to prevent derailment. Malewicki proposes a 3D grid design that avoids accident-prone intersections by [[grade separation]], with guideways and their exit and entry ramps crossing above or below each other. Tracks will be supported {{convert|20|or|30|ft|m|0}} above the ground by standard metal utility poles. They could also be attached to the sides of buildings.
 
After identifying problems with Inductrack and the cost associated with it, SkyTran described an improved design during a [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QT1CjKtGFZs Horizon BBC interview with SkyTran] at NASA Ames in Mountain View, CA.
 
===Ayrıca Bakınız===
* [[Manyetik raylı tren]]
 
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