"Getae" sayfasının sürümleri arasındaki fark

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[[Dosya:Getae Region.svg|right|thumb|Tuna Nehrinin ağzında çok sık tarihsel olarak Gatea insanları ile ilişkilendirilen toprak parçası, kırmızı noktalar ile gösterilmiştir.]]
'''Getae''' {{IPAc-en|ˈ|dʒ|iː|t|iː}} ya da {{IPAc-en|ˈ|g|iː|t|iː}} ya da '''Gets''' ({{lang-grc|Γέται}}, tekil {{lang|grc|Γέτης}}; {{lang-bg|''Гети''}}; {{lang-ro|Geţi}}) Günümüzde [[Bulgaristan]]'ın kuzeyi ile [[Romanya]]'nın güneyinde, [[Tuna|Aşağı Tuna]]'nın her iki tarafında yerleşmiş bir çok [[Traklar|Trak]] kabilesine verilen isimdir, in what is today northern [[Bulgaria]] and southern [[Romania]]. Both the singularHem formtekil '''Get''' andhem de Getae may be derived from a Greekyunanca [[exonym]]: thekelimesinden areatüremiştir, was the hinterland of Greek colonies on thebölge [[Black SeaKaradeniz]] coast,sahilinde bringingbulunan theyunan Getaekolonilerinin intohinterlandıydı. contactBu withdurum thebu halkın erken tarihlerde [[AncientAntik GreeksYunanistan|Antik Yunanlılar]] fromile temas ankurmasına earlyneden dateolmuştu.
 
== Getae and Daçyalılar==
{{Ana|Daçyalılar}}
 
=== Antik kaynaklar ===
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=== Ancient sources ===
[[Strabo]], one of the first ancient sources to mention Getae and Dacians, stated in his ''[[Geographica]]'' (ca. 7 BC – 20 AD) that the Dacians lived in the western parts of [[Dacia]], "towards [[Germania]] and the sources of the Danube", while Getae in the eastern parts, towards the [[Black Sea]], both south and north of the Danube.{{sfn|Strabo|20 AD|loc=VII 3,13}} The ancient geographer also wrote that the Dacians and Getae spoke the same language,{{sfn|Strabo|20 AD|loc=VII 3,14}} after stating the same about Getae and Thracians.<ref name="cah3">{{cite book|title=The Cambridge Ancient History (Volume 3)|publisher=Cambridge University Press|year=1982|edition=2nd|isbn=1108007147}}</ref>
 
 
More recent authors like [[Tadeusz Sulimirski]],<ref>{{cite book |title=The Sarmatians: Volume 73 of Ancient peoples and places |pages=113–114 |last=Sulimirski |first=Tadeusz |author-link=Tadeusz Sulimirski |publisher=Praeger |location=New York |year=1970 |url=http://books.google.co.in/books?id=gdjhuAAACAAJ |quote=The evidence of both the ancient authors and the archaeological remains point to a massive migration of Sacian (Sakas)/Massagetan ("great" Jat) tribes from the Syr Daria Delta (Central Asia) by the middle of the second century B.C. Some of the Syr Darian tribes; they also invaded North India.}}</ref> [[Weer Rajendra Rishi]],<ref>{{cite book |title= India & Russia: linguistic & cultural affinity |page=95 | last=Rishi |first=Weer Rajendra |author-link=Weer Rajendra Rishi |publisher=Roma |year=1982 |url=http://books.google.co.in/books?id=Vns_AAAAMAAJ&q=Getae#search_anchor}}</ref> and Chandra Chakraberty,<ref>{{cite book |title=The prehistory of India: tribal migrations |first=Chandra |last=Chakraberty |publisher=Vijayakrishna Bros |year=1948 |page=35}}</ref><ref>{{cite book |title=Racial basis of Indian culture: including Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal |first=Chandra |last=Chakraberty |publisher=Aryan Books International |year=1997 |ISBN=8173051100}}</ref> have also linked the Getae and Jats.
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== History ==
[[ImageDoya:Getae 200bc.jpg|thumb|300px|EasternTuna EuropeNehrinin in 200 BC showing thekuzeyinde Getae tribeskabilelerini northgösteren ofİ.Ö.200 theyılında DanubeDoğu riverAvrupa.]]
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=== 7th century BC ===
From the 7th century BC onwards, the Getae came into economic and cultural contact with the Greeks, who were establishing [[Colonies in antiquity|colonies]] on the western side of Pontus Euxinus, nowadays the Black Sea. The Getae are mentioned for the first time together in [[Herodotus]] in his narrative of the [[European Scythian campaign of Darius I|Scythian campaign]] of [[Darius I]] in 513 BC. According to Herodotus, the Getae differed from other Thracian tribes in their religion, centered around the god (''daimon'') [[Zalmoxis]] whom some of the Getae called [[Gebeleizis]].<ref>Herodotus. ''Histories'', 4.93-4.97.</ref>
 
The ninth-century work ''De Universo'' of [[Rabanus Maurus]] states, "The Massagetae are in origin from the tribe of the Scythians, and are called Massagetae, as if heavy, that is, strong Getae.<ref>{{cite book |title=De universo |last=Maurus |first=Rabanus |authorlink=Rabanus Maurus |editor-last=Migne |editor-first=Jacques Paul |year=1864|location=Paris |quote=The Massagetae are in origin from the tribe of the Scythians, and are called Massagetae, as if heavy, that is, strong Getae.}}</ref>
 
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