"Delft" sayfasının sürümleri arasındaki fark

2.519 bayt kaldırıldı ,  7 yıl önce
 
'''Delft''', [[Hollanda]]'nin [[Guney Hollanda]] ilinde bulunan bir sehir ve belediyedir. Delft kanalları ve büyük ölçüde korunmuş eski yapıları ile küçük ve tipik bir [[Hollanda]] şehri olup Hollanda'nin buyuk sehirleri olan [[Rotterdam]] ve [[Lahey]] şehirleri arasında yer alır. Nufusu (Mayis 2013 nufus tahmini itibariyle) 98,727 kisidir. Kent ressam [[Vermeer]]'in yaşamış olmasi ile; ''Delft Blue'' adı verilen mavimsi beyaz uzerine mavi renkli porselenleriyle ve [[Delft Teknik Üniversitesi]]'ne de ev sahipliği yapmasi ve Hollanda kraliyet ailesinin bagli oldugu Orange-Nassu Hanedani ile yakin iliskileri ile unludur.
 
== Tarihce ==
 
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From a rural village in the early Middle Ages Delft developed to a city, that in the 13th century (1246) received its [[City rights in the Netherlands|charter]].<br''>''(For some more information about the early development, see the article "[[Gracht]]", section "Delft as an example").''
 
The town's association with the [[House of Orange]] started when [[William the Silent|William of Orange]] (Willem van Oranje), nicknamed [[William the Silent]] (Willem de Zwijger), took up residence in 1572
At the time he was the leader of growing national Dutch resistance against Spanish occupation of the country, which struggle is known as the [[Eighty Years' War]].
By then Delft was one of the leading cities of [[Holland]] and it was equipped with the necessary [[city wall]]s to serve as a headquarters.
 
After the [[Act of Abjuration]] was proclaimed in 1581 Delft became the ''[[de facto]]'' [[Capital city|capital]] of the newly independent Netherlands, as the seat of the [[Prince of Orange]].
 
When William was shot dead in 1584, by [[Balthazar Gerards]] in the hall of the Prinsenhof, the family's traditional burial place in [[Breda (Netherlands)|Breda]] was still in the hands of the Spanish. Therefore, he was buried in the Delft [[Nieuwe Kerk (Delft)|Nieuwe Kerk]] (New Church), starting a tradition for the House of Orange that has continued to the present day.
 
=== Delft Explosion ===
'''The Delft Explosion''', also known in history as the Delft Thunderclap, occurred on 12 October 1654 when a [[gunpowder]] store exploded, destroying much of the city. Over a hundred people were killed and thousands wounded.
 
About 30 [[tonnes]] (66,138 pounds) of gunpowder were stored in [[Barrel (storage)|barrels]] in a [[Magazine (artillery)|magazine]] in a former [[Order of Poor Ladies|Clarissen]] [[convent]] in the Doelenkwartier district. Cornelis Soetens, the keeper of the magazine, opened the store to check a sample of the powder and a huge explosion followed. Luckily, many citizens were away, visiting a [[market]] in [[Schiedam]] or a [[fair]] in [[The Hague]]. Artist [[Carel Fabritius]] was wounded in the explosion and died of his injuries. Later on, [[Egbert van der Poel]] painted several pictures of Delft showing the devastation. The Delft Explosion is the principal reason why [[Delft University of Technology]] maintains explosion science as a key topic within its research portfolio and [[List of the Delft University of Technology Alumni|graduate skill-set]].
 
 
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== Görülebilecek yerler ==
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