William Laud: Revizyonlar arasındaki fark

[kontrol edilmiş revizyon][kontrol edilmiş revizyon]
 
==I. James dönemi==
St.John'daki önceki yönetici olan Buckeridge 1611 yılında görevden ayrılınca Laud onun yerine geçer ancak bu hiç de kolay olmaz. Yüksek dini çevrelerde diğer aday John Rawlinson lehine yoğun kulis yapılsa da kral [[I. James]] seçimleri onaylayarak, şaibeleri sonlandırır. 1616 yılında [[Gloucester]] Başpapazı olur, kentteki katedralde komünyon usullerinde değişiklikler yapar. Bazı çevrelerde sorun yaratan bir kişi olarak değerlendirilmeye başlayan Laud Westminster'a atanmak istese de 1621 yılında St. David Piskoposu olur.
 
 
 
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When Buckeridge left St John's in 1611, Laud succeeded him as President, but only after a hard patronage struggle reaching high court circles. The rival candidate John Rawlinson was chaplain to Lord Ellesmere, who was both Chancellor of the university, and Lord Chancellor of England. Laud was chaplain to Richard Neile, who was Clerk of the Closet. Eventually King James brushed aside irregularities in the election, settling matters in Laud's favour.[2]
 
Laud became Dean of Gloucester in 1616. At Gloucester Cathedral he then began ceremonial innovations with the communion table.[3] By local custom it stood in the middle of the choir, as was then usual in a parish church, rather than at the east end as was typical of cathedrals. Laud believed he had the king's blessing to renovate and improve the run-down building, but he offended his bishop, Miles Smith.[1]
 
Neile was Laud's consistent patron. He could not manage Laud's appointment as Dean of Westminster, a post that John Williams wished to retain. But in the face of hostility from the king, who found Laud's character to be that of a troublemaker, a see however marginal was obtained for Laud, who became Bishop of St David's at the end of 1621.[2]
 
Laud became a confidant of George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham at the end of the reign. The Buckingham household employed John Percy (alias Fisher), a Jesuit, as chaplain, and the king wished to counter well-founded rumours that Percy was making Catholic converts there. In a three-day series of private debates with Percy in 1622, Laud was brought in to argue the Protestant case on the final day; pamphlets followed.[4] He then displaced John Preston in the capacity of religious adviser to the Duke, a change that became clear around December 1624.[5] Laud managed homosexual leanings discreetly, but confided his erotic dreams about Buckingham and others to a private diary.[6]
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