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'''[[Aga Khan]] II''' ({{lang-fa|آغا خان دوّم}}; ''Āghā Khān-i Duvvum'' or, less commonly but more correctly {{lang|fa|آقا خان دوّم}} ''Āqā Khān-i Duvvum''), was the title of '''Aqa Ali Shah''' ({{lang|fa|آقا علی شاه}} ''Âkâ ‘Alî Shâh''; d. 1830 in [[Mehellat]], [[İran]]; ö. Ağustos 1885 in [[Pune]], [[Hindistan]]), the 47th [[İmâmlar|İmâm]] of the [[Nizârî]]-[[İsmâ‘îlî]] Muslims. A member of the Iranian royal family, he became the Imam in 1881. During his lifetime, he helped to better not only his own community, but also the larger Muslim community of India. He was an avid sportsman and hunter.
[[Resim:Aga Khan II 1.jpg|thumb|250px|Âkâ Ali Şah II. Ağa Han]]
 
== Early life and family ==
Aqa Ali Shah was born in 1830 at [[Mehellat]] in [[İran]]. He was the eldest son of [[I. Ağa Han]] and the only surviving male issue of his father with Sarv-i Jahan Khanum ({{lang|fa-Latn|Sarv-i Jahān Khānum}}, d. 1882). Aqa Ali Shah was a member of the Iranian royal family, as his mother was the daughter of [[Feth Ali Şah Kaçar|Fet′h Ali Şah]], the second ruler of the [[Kaçar Hanedanı]].<ref name="Daftary-Ismailis">{{cite book | title=The Ismā‘īlīs: Their History and Doctrines| last=Daftary| first=Farhad| year=1990| pages=439, 463, 498, 504, 516–18| publisher=Cambridge University Press| location=Cambridge |isbn=0-521-42974-9}}</ref> His rank as a prince of the royal family was also recognized by [[Nasıreddin Şah|Nâsır el-Dîn Şâh Kaçar]] when Aqa Ali Shah's father died. Nasser al-Din himself carried out a ceremony performed among Persian princes to mark the end of mourning of deceased relations. In addition, Nasser al-Din sent a robe of honour and the emblem of the Persian Crown studded with diamonds to Aga Ali Shah as a sign of the Shah's relationship with the Aga Khan's family.<ref name="Dumasia-AgaKhan">{{cite book | title=The Aga Khan and His Ancestors: A Biographical and Historical Sketch| last=Dumasia| first=Naoroji M.| year=1939| pages=60–62| publisher=Bombay| location=The Times of India Press}}</ref>
 
 
On his father's side, Aga Ali Shah traced his ancestry to the Prophet [[Muhammad]], through his daughter [[Fatimah|Fatima]] and his son-in-law [[Ali|Ali b. Abi Talib]]. He also descended from the [[Fatimid]] caliphs of [[Egypt]].<ref name="AgaKhan-Memoirs">{{cite book | title=The Memoirs of Aga Khan: World Enough and Time| last=Aga Khan| year=1954| pages=7, 11, 192| publisher=Cassell and Company Ltd.| location=London}}</ref> He spent his early years in [[Mehellat]]; however, his father’s attempts to regain his former position as governor of [[Kirman]] made residence there difficult, and so Aqa Ali Shah was taken to [[Iraq]] with his mother in 1840. There he studied [[Arabic]], [[Persian language|Persian]], and [[Nizari]] [[Ismaili]] doctrine,<ref name="Daftary-Ismailis"/> and soon gained a reputation as an authority on Persian and Arabic literature, as a student of metaphysics, and as an exponent of religious philosophy.<ref name="Dumasia-AgaKhan"/> In the late 1840s, changed political circumstances allowed Aqa Ali Shah to return to [[Iran|Persia]] where he took over some of his father's responsibilities.<ref name="Algar-Iranica">{{cite journal | author=H. Algar| title=Āqā Khān| journal=Encyclopaedia Iranica| year=1996| volume=1}}</ref> In 1853, Sarv-i Jahan Khanum and Aqa Ali Shah joined Aga Khan I in [[Bombay]]. As his father's heir apparent to the Ismaili Imamat, Aqa Ali Shah frequently visited various Ismaili communities in South Asia, particularly those in [[Sind Division|Sind]] and [[Kathiawar]].<ref name="Daftary-Ismailis"/>
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