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[[Dosya:Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel meets with Egyptian President Mohamed Morsy in Cairo, Egypt, April 24, 2013.jpg|thumb|right|[[Mohamed Morsi|Then President Mohamed Morsi]] (right) and [[Abdul Fatah al-Sisi|General al-Sisi]] (left) listen to visiting U.S. Secretary of Defense [[Chuck Hagel]] (center), during a meeting with U.S. officials on April 24, 2013. Al-Sisi, chosen by Morsi to be the first post-[[Hosni Mubarak|Mubarak]] era Defense Minister,<ref>{{cite news|url=http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-19256730|title=Profile: Egypt armed forces chief Abdul Fattah al-Sisi|publisher=BBC News|date=2013-07-03|accessdate=2013-07-05}}</ref> would later sanction the removal of Morsi.]]
 
Şubat 2011'de, [[2011 Mısır Devrimi|18 gün süren kitlesel protestolar]] sonucu [[Hüsnü Mübarek]]'in 29 yıllık cumhurbaşkanlığı sona ermişti. Haziran 2012'de Muhammed Mursi, [[2012 Mısır cumhurbaşkanlığı seçimleri|cumhurbaşkanlığı seçimlerini]] kazanarak Mısır'ın demokratik yollarla yönetime gelen ilk cumhurbaşkanı oldu.<ref name=Hauslohner/><ref>{{cite web|last=Khalil |first=Ashraf |url=http://world.time.com/2013/07/03/egypts-military-ousts-democratically-elected-president-morsi-angering-his-islamist-supporters/ |title=Egypt: President Morsi's Ouster Angers Islamist Supporters |publisher=World.time.com |date=2013-06-30 |accessdate=2013-07-06}}</ref><ref name=Lederman>{{cite web|last=Lederman |first=Josh |url=http://www.edmontonjournal.com/news/Pentagon+Secretary+Hagel+calls+Egyptian+defence+minister/8611323/story.html |title=Egypt's future uncertain, US takes cautious approach and urges quick return to elected govt |publisher=Edmontonjournal.com |date=2013-07-02 |accessdate=2013-07-06}}</ref> His rule has been subject to ongoing [[2012–13 Egyptian protests|protests]].
 
In NovemberKasım 2012,'de followingMursi'nin thebazı protestsdüzenlemeleri againstiçeren theanayasal controversialbildiriyi [[Muslimyayımlamasıyla Brotherhoodülke inçapında post-Mubarakprotestolar electoralbaşladı. politics of Egypt#PresidentArdından, Morsi's'[[The temporaryWall assumptionStreet ofJournal|Wall fullStreet constitutional power and push for new constitution|Constitutional DeclarationJournal]]'''ın byhaberine Morsi,göre oppositionmuhalif politicianssiyasetçilerden -Muhammed includingEl [[Mohamed ElBaradei]]Baradey, [[Amr MoussaMusa]] andve [[HamdeenHamdin Sabahi]],; accordingMursi'yi togörevden thealmanın [[Theyollarını Walltartışmak Streetüzere Journal|Wall Street Journal]] - started holding confidential meetings with army leaders,yüksek inrütbeli orderordu tomensuplarıyla discussgizli waysbir ofşekilde removingbir Presidentaraya Morsigeldi.<ref>{{Cite news|url=http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887324425204578601700051224658.html|title=In Egypt, the 'Deep State' Rises Again|publisher=The Wall Street Journal|date=12 July 2013|accessdate=15 July 2013}}</ref>
 
On 28 April 2013, [[Tamarod]] was started as a grassroots movement to collect 15 million signatures to remove Morsi by 30 June. They called for peaceful demonstrations across Egypt especially in front of the Presidential Palace in Cairo.<ref>{{Cite news|title=Egypt's 'Rebel' campaign gathered 22 mn signatures, says spokesman|url=http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/75244/Egypt/Politics-/Egypts-Rebel-campaign-gathered--mn-signatures,-say.aspx|agency=Ahram Online|date=29 June 2013|accessdate=29 June 2013}}</ref> The movement was supported by the [[National Salvation Front (Egypt)|National Salvation Front]], [[April 6 Youth Movement]] and [[Strong Egypt Party]].<ref>{{Cite news|title=Reactions vary to the Rebel movement’s 30 June plans|url=http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2013/06/05/reactions-vary-to-tamarods-30-june-plans/|agency=Daily News Egypt|date=5 June 2013|accessdate=13 June 2013}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|title=Strong Egypt Party supports protest on 30 June, opposes military coup|url=http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/74273/Egypt/Politics-/Strong-Egypt-Party-supports-protest-on--June,-oppo.aspx|agency=Ahram Online|date=18 June 2013|accessdate=18 June 2013}}</ref>
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