"Lincoln (film, 2012)" sayfasının sürümleri arasındaki fark

değişiklik özeti yok
{{sil|m2}}
{{Infobox film
 
| name = Lincoln
 
| image = Lincoln 2012 Teaser Poster.jpg
 
| border = yes
 
| image_size = 215px
 
| alt =
 
| caption = Theatrical release poster
 
| director = [[Steven Spielberg]]
 
| producer = Steven Spielberg<br />[[Kathleen Kennedy (film producer)|Kathleen Kennedy]]
 
| screenplay = [[Tony Kushner]]
 
| based on = {{based on|''[[Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln]]''|[[Doris Kearns Goodwin]]}}
 
| starring = [[Daniel Day-Lewis]]<br />[[Sally Field]]<br />[[David Strathairn]]<br />[[Joseph Gordon-Levitt]]<br />[[James Spader]]<br />[[Hal Holbrook]]<br />[[Tommy Lee Jones]]
 
| music = [[John Williams]]
 
| cinematography = [[Janusz Kamiński]]
 
| editing = [[Michael Kahn (film editor)|Michael Kahn]]
 
| studio = [[DreamWorks Studios]]<br />[[20th Century Fox]]<br />[[Reliance Entertainment]]<br />[[Participant Media]]<br />[[Amblin Entertainment]]<br />[[The Kennedy/Marshall Company]]
 
| distributor = [[Touchstone Pictures]]<br /><small>(Domestic)</small><br />[[20th Century Fox]]<br /><small>(International)</small>
 
| released = {{Film date|2012|10|08|New York Film Festival|2012|11|09|United States|ref2=<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.deadline.com/2012/07/lincoln-movie-release-date-november-9-2012-steven-spielberg-disney/ |title=Disney Dates Steven Spielberg’s ‘Lincoln’ Into Awards-Season Fray |author=The Deadline Team |date=July 18, 2012}}</ref>}}<!-- do not change this! please read [[WP:FILMRELEASE]]. only the first festival release and the release in the country of origin -->
 
| runtime = 150 minutes<!--Theatrical runtime: 150:16--><ref>{{cite web|title=''LINCOLN'' (12A)|url=http://www.bbfc.co.uk/releases/lincoln-2013-0|work=[[British Board of Film Classification]]|date=November 28, 2012 |accessdate=November 28, 2012}}</ref>
 
| country = United States
 
| language = English
 
| budget = $65,000,000<ref name="mojo">{{cite web|url=http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=lincoln.htm |title=Lincoln (2012) |publisher=Box Office Mojo |date= |accessdate=February 3, 2013}}</ref>
 
| gross = $220,977,006<ref name="mojo"/>
 
}}
 
{{çalışma}}
 
 
 
== Ayrıca bakınız ==
 
Film 17 Ekim 2011<ref>{{cite news
 
| last = McClintock
 
| first = Pamela
 
| title = Participant Media Boarding Steven Spielberg's 'Lincoln' (Exclusive)
 
| newspaper = [[Hollywood Reporter]]
 
| location = Los Angeles
 
| date = October 12, 2011
 
| url = http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/participant-media-steven-spielberg-lincoln-247470
 
| accessdate =October 15, 2011}}</ref> and ended on December 19, 2011.<ref name=Like>{{cite news
 
| title = Filmmakers really liked Petersburg
 
| newspaper = [[The Progress-Index]]
 
| location = [[Petersburg, Virginia]]
 
| date = December 29, 2011
 
| url = http://progress-index.com/news/op-ed/filmmakers-really-liked-petersburg-1.1250470#axzz1k7PM6CQe
 
| accessdate =January 22, 2012}}</ref> tarihinde görüşülmeye başlandı.
 
''Lincoln'' premiered on October 8, 2012, at the [[New York Film Festival]]. The film was released on November 9, 2012, in select cities and widely released on November 16, 2012, in the United States by [[DreamWorks]] through [[Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures|Disney]]’s [[Touchstone Pictures|Touchstone]] distribution label in the U.S.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.slashfilm.com/daniel-day-lewis-lincoln-steven-spielberg/|title=Daniel Day-Lewis to Star in Steven Spielberg’s 'Lincoln'|work=[[/Film]]|author=Fischer, Russ|date=November 19, 2010}}</ref> The film was released on January 25, 2013, in the United Kingdom, with distribution in international territories, including the U.K., by [[20th Century Fox]].<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.dreamworksstudios.com/news/fox-partnering-with-dreamworks-on-steven-spielbergs-lincoln |title=Fox Partnering with DreamWorks on Steven Spielberg's 'Lincoln' |first=Pamela |last=McClintock |date=January 23, 2012 |work=[[The Hollywood Reporter]] |accessdate=April 1, 2012 }}</ref>
 
 
 
''Lincoln'' received widespread critical acclaim, with major praise directed to Day-Lewis' performance. In December 2012, the film was nominated for seven [[Golden Globe Awards]] including [[Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture - Drama|Best Picture (Drama)]], [[Golden Globe Award for Best Director|Best Director]] for Spielberg and winning [[Golden Globe Award for Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama|Best Actor (Drama)]] for Day-Lewis. The film has been nominated for twelve [[Academy Award]]s, including [[Academy Award for Best Picture|Best Picture]], [[Academy Award for Best Director|Best Director]] for Spielberg and [[Academy Award for Best Actor|Best Actor]] for Day-Lewis. The film was also a commercial success, having grossed more than $220 million at the box office.<ref name="mojo"/>
 
 
 
==Plot==
 
''Lincoln'' recounts [[President of the United States|President]] [[Abraham Lincoln]]'s efforts, during January 1865, to obtain passage for the [[Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution]] in the [[United States House of Representatives]], which would formally abolish [[Slavery in the United States|slavery in the country]]. Expecting the [[United States Civil War|Civil War]] to end within a month but concerned that his 1863 [[Emancipation Proclamation]] may be discarded by the courts once the war has concluded and the [[Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution|13th Amendment]] defeated by the returning [[slave states]], Lincoln feels it is imperative to pass the amendment by the end of January, thus removing any possibility that slaves who have already been freed may be re-enslaved. The [[Radical Republicans]] fear the amendment will merely be defeated and some wished to delay; the support of the amendment by Republicans in the border states is not yet assured either, since they prioritize the issue of ending the war. Even if all of them are ultimately brought on board, the amendment will still require the support of several [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic]] congressmen if it is to pass. With dozens of Democrats having just become [[Lame duck (politics)|lame duck]]s after losing their re-election campaigns in the fall of 1864, some of Lincoln's advisers believe that he should wait until the new Republican-heavy Congress is seated, presumably giving the amendment an easier road to passage. Lincoln, however, remains adamant about having the amendment in place and the issue of slavery settled before the war is concluded and the southern states readmitted into the Union.
 
 
 
Lincoln's hopes for passage of the amendment rely upon the support of the Republican Party founder [[Francis Preston Blair]], the only one whose influence can ensure that all members of the western and border state conservative Republican faction will back the amendment. With Union victory in the Civil War seeming highly likely and greatly anticipated, but not yet a fully accomplished fact, Blair is keen to end the hostilities as soon as possible. Therefore, in return for his support, Blair insists that Lincoln allow him to immediately engage the [[Confederate States of America|Confederate]] government in peace negotiations. This is a complication to Lincoln's amendment efforts since he knows that a significant portion of the support he has garnered for the amendment is from the Radical Republican faction for whom a negotiated peace that leaves slavery intact is anathema. If there seems to be a realistic possibility of ending the war even without guaranteeing the end of slavery, the needed support for the amendment from the more conservative wing (which does not favor abolition) will certainly fall away. Unable to proceed without Blair's support, however, Lincoln reluctantly authorizes Blair's mission.
 
 
 
In the meantime, Lincoln and [[United States Secretary of State|Secretary of State]] [[William H. Seward|William Seward]] work on the issue of securing the necessary Democratic votes for the amendment. Lincoln suggests that they concentrate on the lame duck Democrats, as they have already lost re-election and thus will feel free to vote as they please, rather than having to worry about how their vote will affect a future re-election campaign. Since those members also will soon be in need of employment and Lincoln will have many federal jobs to fill as he begins his second term, he sees this as a tool he can use to his advantage. Though Lincoln and Seward are unwilling to offer direct monetary [[bribe]]s to the Democrats, they authorize agents to quietly go about contacting Democratic congressmen with offers of federal jobs in exchange for their voting in favor of the amendment.
 
 
 
With Confederate envoys ready to meet with Lincoln, he instructs them to be kept out of [[Washington, D.C.|Washington]], as the amendment approaches a vote on the House floor. At the moment of truth, [[Thaddeus Stevens]] decides to moderate his statements about racial equality to help the amendment's chances of passage. A rumor circulates that there are Confederate representatives in Washington ready to discuss peace, prompting both Democrats and conservative Republicans to advocate postponing the vote on the amendment. Lincoln explicitly denies that such envoys are in or will be in the city — technically a truthful statement, since he had ordered them to be kept away — and the vote proceeds, narrowly passing by a margin of two votes. When Lincoln subsequently [[Hampton Roads Conference|meets with the Confederates]], he tells them that slavery cannot be restored as the North is united for ratification of the amendment, and that several of the southern states' reconstructed legislatures would also vote to ratify.
 
 
 
After the amendment's passage, the film's narrative shifts forward two months, portraying Lincoln's visit to the battlefield at [[Petersburg, Virginia]], where he exchanges a few words with [[Ulysses S. Grant|General Grant]]. Shortly thereafter, Grant receives [[Robert E. Lee|General Lee]]'s surrender at [[Appomattox Court House National Historical Park|Appomattox Courthouse]].
 
 
 
On the night of April 14, 1865, Lincoln is in a late-night meeting with his cabinet, discussing possible future measures to [[enfranchisement|enfranchise]] blacks, when he is reminded that Mrs. Lincoln is waiting to take them to their evening at [[Ford's Theater]].
 
 
 
That night, while Tad Lincoln is viewing ''[[Aladdin|Aladdin and the Wonderful Lamp]]'' at [[Grover's Theater]] a man announces that the President has been [[Assassination of Abraham Lincoln|shot]]. The next morning his physician pronounces him dead. The film concludes with a flashback to Lincoln delivering his [[Abraham Lincoln's second inaugural address|second inaugural address]].
 
 
 
==Cast==
 
===Lincoln household===
 
*[[Daniel Day-Lewis]] as President [[Abraham Lincoln]]<ref name=Slashfilm>{{cite web |url=http://www.slashfilm.com/daniel-day-lewis-lincoln-steven-spielberg |title=Daniel Day-Lewis to Star in Steven Spielberg’s ‘Lincoln’ |author=Fischer, Russ |date=November 19, 2010 |work=[[/Film]] |accessdate=June 28, 2011}}</ref>
 
 
 
:Producer [[Kathleen Kennedy (film producer)|Kathleen Kennedy]] described Day-Lewis's performance as "remarkable" after 75% of the filming had been completed, and said, "Every day you get the chills thinking that Lincoln is sitting there right in front of you." Kennedy described Day-Lewis's [[method acting]] immersion into the role: "He is very much deeply invested and immersed throughout the day when he's in character, but he's very accessible at the end of the day, once he can step outside of it and not feel that – I mean, he's given huge scenes with massive amounts of dialogue and he needs to stay in character, it's a very, very performance-driven movie."<ref name=Kennedy>{{cite news
 
| title = Day-Lewis 'remarkable' as Lincoln
 
| newspaper = [[Irish Independent]]
 
| location = [[Dublin]]
 
| date = December 9, 2011
 
| url = http://www.independent.ie/entertainment/film-cinema/daylewis-remarkable-as-lincoln-2959493.html
 
| accessdate =December 11, 2011}}</ref> His performance as Abraham Lincoln earned him a nomination for the [[Academy Award for Best Actor]].
 
* [[Sally Field]] as [[First Lady of the United States|First Lady]] [[Mary Todd Lincoln]]<ref>{{cite web |url=http://collider.com/sally-field-lincoln/85875 |title=Sally Field Set to Play Mary Todd Lincoln in Steven Spielberg’s LINCOLN |author=Chitwood, Adam |date=April 13, 2011 |work=Collider.com |accessdate=June 28, 2011}}</ref>
 
:Field was first announced to join the cast as early as September 2007, but officially joined the cast in April 2011.<ref name=firstlady>{{cite news | author = Carly Mayberry | title = Field is Spielberg's new first lady | publisher = [[The Hollywood Reporter]] | date = September 25, 2007 | url = http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/hr/content_display/news/e3ib429a97580f60ae2f1518b10479f0bce | accessdate=September 26, 2007}} {{Dead link|date=October 2010|bot=H3llBot}}</ref> Field said, "To have the opportunity to work with Steven Spielberg and Daniel Day-Lewis and to play one of the most complicated and colorful women in American history is simply as good as it gets."<ref name="http://collider.com/sally-field-lincoln/85875/">{{cite web | url=http://collider.com/sally-field-lincoln/85875/ | title=Sally Field Set to Play Mary Todd Lincoln in Steven Spielberg’s LINCOLN | accessdate=November 24, 2011}}</ref> Spielberg said, "she has always been my first choice to portray all the fragility and complexity that was Mary Todd Lincoln".<ref>{{cite news
 
| last = Roberts
 
| first = Roxanne
 
| coauthors = Argetsinger, Amy
 
| title = Sally Field to play Mary Todd Lincoln; actress prepped for role with visit to Ford’s Theatre
 
| newspaper = [[Washington Post]]
 
| date = April 13, 2011
 
| url = http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/reliable-source/post/sally-field-to-play-mary-todd-lincoln-actress-prepped-for-role-with-visit-to-fords-theatre/2011/04/13/AFO6kNYD_blog.html
 
| accessdate =December 14, 2011}}</ref> Her performance as Mary Todd Lincoln earned her a nomination for the [[Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress]].
 
* [[Gloria Reuben]]<ref name="http://screenrant.com/steven-spielberg-lincoln-cast-sandy-114090/">{{cite web | url=http://screenrant.com/steven-spielberg-lincoln-cast-sandy-114090/ | title=Spielberg’s ‘Lincoln’ Casts Every Other Good Actor Under The Sun | accessdate=November 25, 2011}}</ref> as [[Elizabeth Keckley]]
 
:Keckley was a former slave who was [[dressmaker]] and [[confidant|confidante]] to Mary Todd Lincoln
 
* [[Joseph Gordon-Levitt]] as [[Robert Todd Lincoln]]<ref name="Jones&Gordon-Levitt">{{cite web|url=http://themoviemash.com/2011/05/tommy-lee-jones-joseph-gordon-levitt-join-spielbergs-lincoln|title=Tommy Lee Jones & Joseph Gordon-Levitt Join Spielberg’s ‘Lincoln’|author=Goetz, Barrett |date=May 5, 2011 |work=TheMovieMash.com |accessdate=June 28, 2011}}</ref>
 
:Robert Lincoln had recently left his studies at [[Harvard Law School]] and was newly named a [[Union Army]] captain and personal attendant to General Grant. He returned to the [[White House]] on April 14, 1865 to visit his family. His father was assassinated that night.<ref name=Goodwin>{{cite book
 
| last = Goodwin
 
| first = Doris Kearns
 
| authorlink = Doris Kearns Goodwin
 
| title = Team of Rivals
 
| publisher = [[Simon & Schuster]]
 
| series =
 
| edition =
 
| year = 2006
 
| pages = 686–754
 
| url = http://books.google.com/books?id=ONhhui9SRsMC&dq=Team+of+Rivals&source=gbs_navlinks_s
 
| id =
 
| isbn = 978-0-7432-7075-5
 
| mr =
 
| zbl =
 
| jfm = }}</ref>
 
* [[Gulliver McGrath]] as [[Tad Lincoln]]<ref name=EW>{{cite web
 
| last = Labrecque
 
| first = Jeff
 
| title = 'Lincoln': Meet the Cast
 
|work=Entertainment Weekly
 
| date = November 28, 2011
 
| url = http://www.ew.com/ew/gallery/0,,20483133_20548946,00.html
 
| accessdate =December 1, 2011}}</ref>
 
* [[Stephen Henderson (actor)|Stephen Henderson]] as Lincoln's valet [[William Slade (valet)|William Slade]]<ref name=Mania/>
 
* [[Elizabeth Marvel]] as member of the public petitioning Lincoln, a Mrs. Jolly<ref name=Mania/>
 
 
 
===White House===
 
* [[David Strathairn]] as [[United States Secretary of State|Secretary of State]] [[William H. Seward]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.thewrap.com/movies/column-post/david-strathairn-joins-dreamworks-lincoln-28614|title=David Strathairn Joins DreamWorks' 'Lincoln' |author=Joshua L. Weinstein|date=June 27, 2011 |work=TheWrap.com |accessdate=June 28, 2011}}</ref>
 
* [[Bruce McGill]] as [[United States Secretary of War|Secretary of War]] [[Edwin Stanton]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.mysanantonio.com/entertainment/entertainment_columnists/jeanne_jakle/article/Jeanne-Jakle-McGill-s-profile-going-higher-and-1643484.php |title=Jeanne Jakle: McGill’s profile going higher and higher |author=Jeanne Jakle |date=July 30, 2011 |work=mysanantonio.com |accessdate=July 30, 2011}}</ref>
 
:Stanton took charge of the investigation of the assassination plot<ref name=Goodwin/>
 
* [[Joseph Cross (actor)|Joseph Cross]] as [[John Hay]]
 
* [[Dakin Matthews]]<ref name=SR/> as [[United States Secretary of the Interior|Secretary of the Interior]] [[John Palmer Usher]]<ref name=Mania/>
 
* Jeremy Strong<ref name=SR/> as [[John George Nicolay]]<ref name=Mania/>
 
* Richard Topol as [[United States Attorney General]] [[James Speed]]<ref name=Mania/>
 
 
 
===House of Representatives===
 
* [[Tommy Lee Jones]] as [[Radical Republican]] [[United States House of Representatives|Congressional leader]] [[Thaddeus Stevens]]<ref name="Jones&Gordon-Levitt" />
 
:A fervent abolitionist, Stevens feared that Lincoln would "turn his back on emancipation."<ref name=Goodwin/> Jones' performance as Thaddeus Stevens earned him a nomination for the [[Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor]].
 
* [[Hal Holbrook]]<ref name=SR/> (who won an Emmy portraying Lincoln in a 1976 mini-series) as [[Francis Preston Blair]]<ref name=Mania>{{cite web | last = Lipton | first = Brian Scott | title = Steven Spielberg's Lincoln Announces Additional Casting | publisher = TheaterMania.com | date = November 28, 2011 | url = http://www.theatermania.com/new-york/news/11-2011/steven-spielbergs-lincoln-announces-additional-cas_45606.html
 
| accessdate =November 28, 2011}}</ref>
 
:Blair was an influential Republican politician who tried to arrange a peace agreement between the Union and the Confederacy
 
* [[Lee Pace]] as [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic]] [[United States House of Representatives|Congressman]] and fiery orator [[Fernando Wood]]
 
* [[Peter McRobbie]] as [[Ohio]] [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democrat]], [[U.S. Representative]] [[George H. Pendleton]], leader of the Democratic opposition
 
* [[Bill Raymond]] as [[Schuyler Colfax]]: Colfax served as the Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1863 to 1869.
 
* [[David Costabile]]<ref name=SR/> as Republican Congressman [[James Mitchell Ashley|James Ashley]]
 
* [[Stephen Spinella]] as radical Republican Congressman Asa Vintner Litton<ref name=Mania/>
 
* [[Michael Stuhlbarg]] as Kentucky Democratic Congressman [[George Yeaman]]<ref name=Mania/>
 
* [[Boris McGiver]]<ref name=SR/> as Democratic Congressman, later Republican, [[Alexander Coffroth]]
 
* [[Walton Goggins]] as [[Democratic Party (United States)|Democratic]] [[United States House of Representatives|Congressman]] [[Wells A. Hutchins]]<ref>{{cite web
 
| title = Walton Goggins Joins Cast Of ‘Lincoln’
 
| work = [[Deadline.com|Deadline Hollywood]]
 
| date = July 11, 2011
 
| url = http://www.deadline.com/2011/07/walton-goggins-joins-cast-of-lincoln/
 
| accessdate =November 28, 2011}}</ref>
 
:Hutchins was one of only 16 Democrats who broke with his party to cast decisive votes in favor of the [[Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution]], which abolished slavery.<ref>Frank J. Williams ''Judging Lincoln'' 2007 Page 138 "[[Moses Odell]].... He was one of sixteen Democrats who voted for the amendment. Among the others were [[James E. English]] of Connecticut, [[Alexander Coffroth|A. H. Coffroth]] and [[Archibald McAllister]] of Pennsylvania, Wells A. Hutchins of Ohio, [[Augustus C. Baldwin]] of Michigan and [[Anson Herrick]], [[William Radford]], Judge [[Homer A. Nelson]], [[John B. Steele]], and [[John Ganson]] of New York."</ref>
 
* [[David Warshofsky]]<ref name=SR/> as Congressman William Hutton, whose brother died in the war
 
 
 
===Republican Party===
 
* [[James Spader]] as [[Republican Party (United States)|Republican Party]] operative [[William N. Bilbo]]
 
:Bilbo had been imprisoned but was freed by Lincoln, and then lobbied for passage of the [[Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution|Thirteenth Amendment]].<ref name="http://screenrant.com/steven-spielberg-lincoln-cast-sandy-114090/">{{cite web |url=http://screenrant.com/steven-spielberg-lincoln-cast-sandy-114090/ |title=Spielberg’s 'Lincoln' Casts Every Other Good Actor Under The Sun |accessdate=November 24, 2011}}</ref>
 
* [[Tim Blake Nelson]]<ref name="http://www.tulsaworld.com/scene/article.aspx?subjectid=282&articleid=20110520_282_D1_CUTLIN85225">{{cite web | url=http://www.tulsaworld.com/scene/article.aspx?subjectid=282&articleid=20110520_282_D1_CUTLIN85225 | title=Tim Blake Nelson tapped for Spielberg's 'Lincoln' film in 2012 | accessdate=November 25, 2011}}</ref> as lobbyist [[Richard Schell]]
 
* [[John Hawkes (actor)|John Hawkes]] as Republican operative<ref name=SR>{{cite web
 
| last = Schaefer
 
| first = Sandy
 
| title = Spielberg’s ‘Lincoln’ Casts Every Other Good Actor Under The Sun
 
| work = Screen Rant
 
| url = http://screenrant.com/steven-spielberg-lincoln-cast-sandy-114090/
 
| accessdate =November 23, 2011}}</ref> Colonel Robert Latham
 
* Byron Jennings<ref name=SR/> as Conservative Republican [[Montgomery Blair]]<ref name=Mania/>
 
* [[Julie White]] as [[Elizabeth Blair Lee]]: Lee was the daughter of Francis Preston Blair, and wrote hundreds of letters documenting events during the Civil War<ref name=Mania/>
 
* [[S. Epatha Merkerson]] as [[Lydia Hamilton Smith|Lydia Smith]]: Smith was Thaddeus Stevens's biracial housekeeper.<ref name=Mania/>
 
* [[Wayne Duvall]] as [[Radical Republican]] Senator [[Benjamin Wade|Benjamin "Bluff Ben" Wade]]
 
 
 
===Confederate States===
 
* [[Jackie Earle Haley]] as [[Confederate States of America|Confederate States]] Vice President [[Alexander H. Stephens]]<ref name=VP>{{cite news | last = Vincent | first = Mal | title = Spielberg's 'Lincoln' takes Richmond | newspaper = [[The Virginian-Pilot]] | location = [[Norfolk, Virginia]] | date = October 14, 2011 | url = http://hamptonroads.com/2011/10/spielbergs-lincoln-takes-richmond | accessdate =October 15, 2011}}</ref>
 
:Stephens had served with Lincoln in Congress from 1847 to 1849. He met with Abraham Lincoln on the steamboat ''[[River Queen (steamboat)|River Queen]]'' at the unsuccessful [[Hampton Roads Conference]] on February 3, 1865
 
* [[Gregory Itzin]] as [[John Archibald Campbell]]<ref name=Mania/>
 
:Campbell was a former Supreme Court Justice who had resigned at the start of war and then served as Assistant Secretary of War in the Confederate government. He was also a member of the Confederate delegation that met with Lincoln at the Hampton Roads Conference.
 
* Michael Shiflett as the third Confederate delegate to Hampton Roads, Senator [[Robert M. T. Hunter]]
 
* Christopher Boyer (non-speaking role) as [[Robert E. Lee]]
 
 
 
===Union Army===
 
* [[Jared Harris]] as [[Lieutenant General (United States)|Lieutenant General]] [[Ulysses S. Grant]]<ref name=Mania/>
 
* [[Colman Domingo]] as Private Harold Green<ref name=Mania/>
 
* [[David Oyelowo]] as Corporal Ira Clark<ref name="http://www.deadline.com/2011/11/david-oyelowo-joins-steven-spielbergs-lincoln/">{{cite web |url=http://www.deadline.com/2011/11/david-oyelowo-joins-steven-spielbergs-lincoln/ |title=David Oyelowo Joins Steven Spielberg’s ‘Lincoln’ | accessdate=November 24, 2011}}</ref>
 
* [[Lukas Haas]] as First White Soldier<ref name=Mania/>
 
* [[Dane DeHaan]] as Second White Soldier<ref name=Mania/>
 
* [[Adam Driver]] as Lincoln's telegraph operator, historically Grant's operator, [[Samuel Beckwith]]<ref name=Mania/>
 
 
 
==Production==
 
===Development===
 
While consulting on a [[Steven Spielberg]] project in 1999, Goodwin <!-- [[Steven Spielberg]] directed a short documentary, entitled ''The Unfinished Journey'', for the 1999 New Year's Eve celebrations. It was a montage about the 20th century and screened near the [[Lincoln Memorial]]. Doris Kearns Goodwin consulted on the project. During a meeting, she--> told Spielberg she was planning to write ''Team of Rivals'', and Spielberg immediately told her he wanted the film rights.<ref name=millenium>{{cite news | author = Ruben V. Nepales | title = Spielberg may co-direct next with Peter Jackson | work = [[Philippine Daily Inquirer]] | date = May 18, 2008 | url = http://showbizandstyle.inquirer.net/entertainment/entertainment/view/20080518-137261/Spielberg-may-co-direct-next-with-Peter-Jackson | accessdate=May 18, 2008}}</ref> DreamWorks finalized the deal in 2001,<ref name=neesoncast>{{cite news | author = Michael Fleming | title = Lincoln logs in at DreamWorks: Spielberg, Neeson eye Abe pic | work = [[Variety (magazine)|Variety]] | date = January 11, 2005 | url = http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117916168.html?categoryid=1238&cs=1 | accessdate = January 24, 2007}}</ref> and by the end of the year, [[John Logan (writer)|John Logan]] signed on to write the script.<ref>{{cite news | title = Logan Scripting Spielberg's Lincoln | work = [[IGN]] | date = December 7, 2001 | url = http://uk.movies.ign.com/articles/316/316756p1.html | accessdate=July 21, 2008}}</ref> His draft focused on Lincoln's friendship with [[Frederick Douglass]].<ref>{{cite news|title=Lincoln Update|work=[[IGN]]|date=January 23, 2003|url=http://uk.movies.ign.com/articles/383/383505p1.html|accessdate=July 21, 2008}}</ref> Playwright Paul Webb was hired to rewrite and filming was set to begin in January 2006,<ref name=neesoncast/> but Spielberg delayed it out of dissatisfaction with the script.<ref>{{cite news | author = Ron Grover | title = The Director's Cut | work = [[BusinessWeek]] | date = April 17, 2006 | url = http://www.businessweek.com/magazine/content/06_16/b3980090.htm?campaign_id=rss_daily | accessdate=August 10, 2007}}</ref> Neeson said Webb's draft covered the entirety of Lincoln's term as President.<ref name=months>{{cite news|author=Jeffrey Wells|title=Spielberg's Lincoln in December?|publisher=Hollywood Elsewhere|date=February 2, 2009|url=http://www.hollywood-elsewhere.com/2009/02/spielbergs_linc_2.php|accessdate=February 10, 2009}}</ref>
 
 
 
===Casting===
 
[[Liam Neeson]] was cast as Lincoln in January 2005, having previously worked with Spielberg in ''[[Schindler's List]]''.<ref name=neesoncast/> In preparation for the role, Neeson studied Lincoln extensively.<ref>{{cite news | author = Max Evry | title = Liam Neeson Talks Lincoln | publisher = Comingsoon.net | date = January 24, 2007 | url = http://www.comingsoon.net/news/movienews.php?id=18545 | accessdate =May 12, 2008}}</ref> However, in July 2010, Neeson left the project, saying that he had grown too old for the part. Neeson was 58 at the time, and Lincoln, during the time period depicted, was 55 and 56.<ref>{{cite news|author=Simon Reynolds|title=Neeson quits Spielberg's Lincoln biopic|work=Digital Spy|date=July 30, 2010|url=http://www.digitalspy.co.uk/movies/news/a253207/neeson-quits-spielbergs-lincoln-biopic.html}}</ref> Co-star [[Sally Field]], in a 2012 [[PBS]] interview, intimated that Neeson's decision was influenced by the loss of [[Natasha Richardson|his wife]] less than a year earlier.<ref>{{Cite episode |title=Actress Sally Field, Part 1 |episodelink=http://video.pbs.org/video/2305224071/ |series=[[Tavis_Smiley_(TV_series)|Tavis Smiley]] |serieslink=http://www.pbs.org/wnet/tavissmiley/interviews/actress-sally-field/ |credits= |network=[[PBS]] |station= |airdate=November 15, 2012 |season=9 |seriesno= |number= |minutes=08:00 |language=English |accessdate=January 11, 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.esquire.com/features/liam-neeson-0311 |title=The Hard Luck and Beautiful Life of Liam Neeson |work=Esquire |publisher=Hearst Communications |author=Tom Chiarella |date=February 15, 2011 |accessdate=January 11, 2013}}</ref> In November 2010, it was announced that Day-Lewis would replace Neeson in the role.<ref name=Guardian>{{cite web|url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/2010/nov/19/daniel-day-lewis-spielberg-lincoln|title=Daniel Day-Lewis set for Steven Spielberg's Lincoln film|work=The Guardian |author=Shoard, Catherine|date=November 19, 2010|accessdate=November 19, 2010}}</ref>
 
 
 
[[Tony Kushner]] replaced Webb. Kushner considered Lincoln "the greatest democratic leader in the world" and found the writing assignment daunting because "I have no idea [what made him great]; I don't understand what he did any more than I understand how [[William Shakespeare]] wrote ''[[Hamlet]]'' or [[Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart|Mozart]] wrote ''[[Così fan tutte]]''." He delivered his first draft late and felt the enormous amount written about Lincoln did not help either. Kushner said Lincoln's [[Abraham Lincoln on slavery|abolitionist ideals]] made him appealing to a Jewish writer, and although he felt [[Abraham Lincoln and religion|Lincoln was Christian]], he noted the president rarely quoted the [[New Testament]] and that his "thinking and his ethical deliberation seem very [[talmud]]ic".<ref>{{cite news|author=Naomi Pffefferman|title=Kushner’s (old) testament to Lincoln|work=[[The Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles]]|date=October 25, 2007|url=http://www.jewishjournal.com/arts/article/kushners_old_testament_to_lincoln_20071026/|accessdate=November 22, 2008}}</ref> By late 2008, Kushner joked he was on his "967,000th book about Abraham Lincoln".<ref>{{cite news|author=Karen Bovard|title=Lincoln Logs|work=[[Hartford Advocate]]|date=November 20, 2008|url=http://www.hartfordadvocate.com/article.cfm?aid=10614|accessdate=November 23, 2008}}</ref> Kushner's initial 500-page draft focused on four months in the life of Lincoln, and by February 2009 he had rewritten it to focus on two months in Lincoln's life when he was preoccupied with adopting the [[Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution|Thirteenth Amendment]].<ref name=months/>
 
 
 
===Filming===
 
While promoting ''[[Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull]]'' in May 2008, Spielberg announced his intention to start filming in early 2009,<ref>{{cite news | author = Sheigh Crabtree | title = Steven Spielberg: He wants to shoot 'Abraham Lincoln' in 2009 | work = [[Los Angeles Times]] | date = May 10, 2008 | url = http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/entertainmentnewsbuzz/2008/05/steven-spielber.html | accessdate=May 10, 2008}}</ref> for release in November, ten months after the 200th anniversary of Lincoln's birth.<ref name=millenium/> In January 2009, [[Taunton, Massachusetts|Taunton]] and [[Dighton, Massachusetts]] were being scouted as potential locations.<ref>{{cite news|author=Charles Winokoor|title=Film crews may be back in Silver City|work=[[Taunton Daily Gazette]]|date=February 7, 2009|url=http://www.tauntongazette.com/news/x1851008232/Film-crews-may-be-back-in-Silver-City|accessdate=February 10, 2009}}</ref> Spielberg arranged a $50 million budget for the film, to please [[Paramount Pictures]] CEO [[Brad Grey]], who had previously delayed the project over concerns it was too similar to Spielberg's commercially unsuccessful ''[[Amistad (film)|Amistad]]'' (1997). Spielberg had wanted [[Touchstone Pictures]] – which agreed to distribute all his films from 2010 – to distribute the film, but he was unable to afford paying off Paramount, which DreamWorks had developed the film with.<ref>{{cite news|author=Kim Masters|title=Spielberg's Lincoln Troubles|work=[[Slate (magazine)|Slate]]|date=February 17, 2009|url=http://www.thebigmoney.com/articles/impressions/2009/02/17/spielbergs-lincoln-troubles|accessdate=February 18, 2009}}</ref>
 
 
 
Filming took place in [[Petersburg, Virginia]]. According to location manager Colleen Gibbons, "one thing that attracted the filmmakers to the city was the 180-degree vista of historic structures" which is "very rare".<ref>{{cite news
 
| last = Wiggins
 
| first = F.M.
 
| title = Lincoln film to come to Petersburg next month
 
| newspaper = [[Progress-Index]]
 
| location = [[Petersburg, Virginia]]
 
| date = November 17, 2011
 
| url = http://progress-index.com/news/lincoln-film-to-come-to-petersburg-next-month-1.1233817#axzz1f397gd9g
 
| accessdate =November 28, 2011}}</ref> Lincoln toured Petersburg on April 3, 1865, the day after it fell to the Union Army. Scenes have also been filmed in [[Fredericksburg, Virginia]] and at the [[Virginia State Capitol]] in [[Richmond, Virginia|Richmond]], which served as the Capitol of the Confederacy during the Civil War.<ref name=VP/><ref>{{cite news
 
| last = Kumar
 
| first = Anita
 
| title = Virginia Politics: Lights, camera, action. Spielberg’s Lincoln movie films at Capitol
 
| newspaper = [[Washington Post]]
 
| location = Washington, DC
 
| date = November 8, 2011
 
| url = http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/virginia-politics/post/lights-camera-action-spielbergs-lincoln-movie-films-at-capitol/2011/11/05/gIQA47TY0M_blog.html
 
| accessdate =November 28, 2011}}</ref> Abraham Lincoln visited the building on April 4, 1865, after Richmond fell to the Union Army.
 
 
 
On September 4, 2012, [[DreamWorks]] and [[Google Play]] announced on the film's [[Facebook]] page that they would release the trailer for the film during a [[Google+]] hangout with [[Steven Spielberg]] and [[Joseph Gordon-Levitt]] on September 13, 2012 at 7pm EDT/4pm PDT.<ref>{{cite news
 
| title = Lincoln Google Hangout and Trailer Premiere Announced for September 13th
 
| newspaper = [[ComingSoon.net]]
 
| location = [[Los Angeles, CA]]
 
| date = September 4, 2012
 
| url = http://www.comingsoon.net/news/movienews.php?id=94361
 
| accessdate =September 4, 2012}}</ref> Then, on September 10, 2012, a teaser for the trailer was released.<ref>{{cite news
 
| title = Take a Sneak Peek at Steven Spielberg's Lincoln Trailer
 
| newspaper = [[ComingSoon.net]]
 
| location = [[Los Angeles, CA]]
 
| date = September 10, 2012
 
| url = http://www.comingsoon.net/news/movienews.php?id=94591
 
| accessdate =September 10, 2012}}</ref>
 
 
 
===Music===
 
The soundtrack to ''Lincoln'' was released by [[Sony Classical]] on November 6, 2012 in the United States and was recorded by the [[Chicago Symphony Orchestra]] and the [[Chicago Symphony Chorus]].<ref>{{cite web |title=John Williams' Tracklist For Score To Steven Spielberg's 'Lincoln' Is Suitably Important & Historical |url=http://blogs.indiewire.com/theplaylist/john-williams-tracklist-for-score-to-steven-spielbergs-lincoln-is-suitably-important-historical-20120823# |accessdate=August 27, 2012}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=John Williams' Lincoln Score Gently Spoils A Few Key Scenes |url=http://www.cinemablend.com/new/John-Williams-Lincoln-Score-Gently-Spoils-Few-Key-Scenes-32640.html |accessdate=September 30, 2012}}</ref>
 
{{Infobox album <!-- See Wikipedia:WikiProject_Albums -->
 
| Name = Lincoln (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)
 
| Type = Film
 
| Artist = [[John Williams]]
 
| Cover = Lincolnsoundtrack.jpg
 
| Alt =
 
| Released = {{Start date|2012|11|06}}
 
| Recorded = 2012
 
| Genre =
 
| Length = {{Duration|h=|m=58|s=46}}
 
| Label = [[Sony Classical]]
 
| Chronology =
 
| Producer =
 
}}
 
 
 
{{Track listing
 
| collapsed = no
 
| all_music = [[John Williams]]
 
| total_length = 58:46
 
 
 
| title1 = The People’s House
 
| length1 = 3:43
 
 
 
| title2 = The Purpose of the Amendment
 
| length2 = 3:07
 
 
 
| title3 = Getting Out the Vote
 
| length3 = 2:49
 
 
 
| title4 = The American Process
 
| length4 = 3:57
 
 
 
| title5 = The Blue and Grey
 
| length5 = 3:00
 
 
 
| title6 = With Malice Toward None
 
| length6 = 1:51
 
 
 
| title7 = Call to Muster and Battle Cry of Freedom
 
| length7 = 2:17
 
 
 
| title8 = The Southern Delegation and the Dream
 
| length8 = 4:43
 
 
 
| title9 = Father and Son
 
| length9 = 1:42
 
 
 
| title10 = The Race to the House
 
| length10 = 2:42
 
 
 
| title11 = Equality Under the Law
 
| length11 = 3:12
 
 
 
| title12 = Freedom's Call
 
| length12 = 6:08
 
 
 
| title13 = Elegy
 
| length13 = 2:35
 
 
 
| title14 = Remembering Willie
 
| length14 = 1:51
 
 
 
| title15 = Appomattox, April 9, 1865
 
| length15 = 2:38
 
 
 
| title16 = The Peterson House and Finale
 
| length16 = 11:00
 
 
 
| title17 = With Malice Toward None (Piano Solo)
 
| length17 = 1:31
 
}}
 
 
 
==Release==
 
===Marketing===
 
Several companion books and ancillary literature were released in anticipation of the film, including ''A President for the Ages'', ''Lincoln: A Cinematic and Historical Companion'', [[Harold Holzer]]'s ''How Abraham Lincoln Ended Slavery in America'' and [[Disney Publishing Worldwide |Disney Publishing]]'s ''Lincoln: A Spielberg Film - Discover the Story''.<ref>{{cite news|last=Henderson|first=Jane|title=A few books tied to Spielberg's 'Lincoln'|url=http://www.stltoday.com/entertainment/books-and-literature/book-blog/a-few-books-tied-to-spielberg-s-lincoln/article_aa76e6f4-3982-5723-8970-c0cb0ff88883.html|accessdate=14 February 2013|newspaper=St. Louis Post-Dispatch|date=16 November 2012}}</ref>
 
===Home media===
 
''Lincoln'' will be released on [[Blu-ray Disc|Blu-ray]], [[DVD]], and digital download on March 26, 2013 from [[Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment|Touchstone Home Entertainment]]. The release will be produced in three different physical packages: a 3-disc combo pack (Blu-ray, DVD and digital copy); a 2-disc combo pack (Blu-ray and DVD) and a 1-disc DVD.{{or|date=February 2013}}
 
 
 
==Reception==
 
===Box office===
 
As of February 11, 2013, the film has made an estimated $173,621,006 in North America from 2,293 theaters and $47,356,000 overseas for a total of $220,977,006, well exceeding its $65 million budget. The film opened limited in 11 theaters with $944,308 and an average of $85,846 per theater. It opened at the #15 rank, becoming the highest opening of a film with such a limited release. The film opened wide in 1,175 theaters with $21,049,406 and an average of $11,859 per theater.<ref name="mojo"/> Due to the widespread success of ''Lincoln'', [[The Walt Disney Studios (production company)|Disney]] had to produce additional prints of the film to accommodate theater demand.<ref>{{cite news|last=Lang|first=Derrick|title='Lincoln' Box Office So Strong, Disney Having Hard Time Keeping Up With Demand|url=http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/12/04/lincoln-box-office_n_2236611.html|accessdate=12 January 2013|newspaper=The Huffington Post|date=03 December 202}}</ref>
 
 
 
===Critical response===
 
''Lincoln'' received widespread critical acclaim. The film currently holds a 90% approval rating on the review aggregate website [[Rotten Tomatoes]], with an average rating of 8.1/10.<ref name="rt">{{cite web |url= http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/lincoln_2011/ |title=Lincoln |publisher=[[Rotten Tomatoes]] | accessdate={{nowrap|January 03}}, 2013 }}</ref> On [[Metacritic]], which assigns a normalised rating out of 100 based on reviews from critics, the film has a score of 86 (out of 100) based on 44 reviews, indicating "universal acclaim", thus making it Spielberg's highest rated film on the site since ''[[Saving Private Ryan]].''<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.metacritic.com/movie/lincoln | title=Lincoln |publisher=[[Metacritic]] | accessdate=November 21, 2012}}</ref>
 
 
 
[[Roger Ebert]] of the ''[[Chicago Sun-Times]]'' gave the film 4 out of 4 stars and said, "The hallmark of the man, performed so powerfully by Daniel Day-Lewis in ''Lincoln'', is calm self-confidence, patience and a willingness to play politics in a realistic way." Ebert went on to name it as the third best film of 2012.<ref>{{cite web | url=http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20121107/REVIEWS/121109989 | title=Roger Ebert's review of Lincoln | accessdate=November 15, 2012}}</ref> Glenn Kenny of ''[[MSN|MSN Movies]]'' gave it 5 out of 5 stars stating, "It's the most remarkable movie Steven Spielberg has made in quite a spell, and one of the things that makes it remarkable is how it fulfills those expectations by simultaneously ignoring and transcending them."<ref>{{cite web | url=http://movies.msn.com/movies/movie-critic-reviews/lincoln.2/ | title=Review by Glenn Kenny (MSN Movies) | accessdate=January 03, 2013}}</ref>
 
 
 
Colin Covert of the ''[[Star Tribune]]'' wrote, ""''Lincoln''" is one of those rare projects where a great director, a great actor and a great writer amplify one another's gifts. The team of Steven Spielberg, Daniel Day-Lewis and Tony Kushner has brought forth a triumphant piece of historical journalism, a profound work of popular art and a rich examination of one of our darkest epochs."<ref>{{cite web | url=http://www.startribune.com/entertainment/movies/179531811.html?refer=y | title=Making history with 'Lincoln' | accessdate=January 11, 2013}}</ref> It has been praised by Charlie McCollum of the ''[[San Jose Mercury News]]'' as "one of the finest historical dramas ever committed to film."<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.mercurynews.com/entertainment/ci_21948915/review-an-epic-lincoln|title=Review: An epic 'Lincoln'|publisher=''[[San Jose Mercury News]]''|last=McCollum|first=Charlie|date=2012-11-07}}</ref> Despite mostly positive reviews, [[Rex Reed]] of the ''[[New York Observer]]'' stated, "In all, there's too much material, too little revelation and almost nothing of Spielberg's reliable cinematic flair." However, the reviews have been unanimous in their praise of [[Daniel Day-Lewis]]'s performance as [[Abraham Lincoln]]. [[A. O. Scott]] from ''[[The New York Times]]'' stated the movie "is finally a movie about how difficult and costly it has been for the United States to recognize the full and equal humanity of black people" and concluded that the movie was "a rough and noble democratic masterpiece".<ref name="NYT20121108">{{cite news|last=Scott|first=A. O.|title=A President Engaged in a Great Civil War|url=http://movies.nytimes.com/2012/11/09/movies/lincoln-by-steven-spielberg-stars-daniel-day-lewis.html?src=me&ref=general&pagewanted=all|accessdate=9 November 2012|newspaper=The New York Times|date=8 November 2012}}</ref>
 
 
 
Scott also stated that Lincoln's concern about his wife's emotional instability and "the strains of a wartime presidency... produce a portrait that is intimate but also decorous, drawn with extraordinary sensitivity and insight and focused, above all, on Lincoln's character as a politician. This is, in other words, less a biopic than a political thriller, a civics lesson that is energetically staged and alive with moral energy."<ref name="NYT20121108" />
 
 
 
In the [[Middle East]], Lebanese popular movie critic Anis Tabet gave the movie a positive review, giving it a 3.5/4 rating.<ref>http://tlkabtmovies.com/2013/01/13/lincoln-2012/</ref>
 
 
 
===Historian response===
 
Academic historians have been more ambivalent in their reaction than movie critics. [[Eric Foner]] ([[Columbia University]]), a [[Pulitzer Prize]]-winning historian of the period, claims in a letter to the ''New York Times'' that the movie “grossly exaggerates” its main points about the choices at stake in the passage of the Thirteenth Amendment (November 26, 2012).<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/27/opinion/lincolns-use-of-politics-for-noble-ends.html?_r=0 |title=Lincoln’s Use of Politics for Noble Ends |publisher=NYTimes.com |date=2012-11-26 |accessdate=2012-12-04}}</ref> Kate Masur ([[Northwestern University]]) accuses the film of oversimplifying the role of blacks in [[abolitionism|abolition]] and dismisses the effort as “an opportunity squandered” in an [[op-ed]] for the ''New York Times'' (November 12, 2012).<ref>{{cite web|author=Kate Masur |url=http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/13/opinion/in-spielbergs-lincoln-passive-black-characters.html?pagewanted=2 |title=In Spielberg’s ‘Lincoln,’ Passive Black Characters |publisher=NYTimes.com |date=2012-11-12 |accessdate=2012-12-04}}</ref> Harold Holzer, co-chair of the Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Foundation and author of more than 40 books, served as a consultant to the film and praises it but also observes that there is “no shortage of small historical bloopers in the movie” in a piece for ''[[The Daily Beast]]'' (November 22, 2012).<ref>{{cite web|author=Harold Holzer |url=http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2012/11/22/what-s-true-and-false-in-lincoln-movie.html |title=What’s True and False in "Lincoln" Movie |publisher=The Daily Beast |date=2012-11-22 |accessdate=2012-12-04}}</ref> Allen Guelzo (Gettysburg College), also writing for ''The Daily Beast'' has some plot criticism, but disagrees with Holzer, arguing that, “The pains that have been taken in the name of historical authenticity in this movie are worth hailing just on their own terms” (November 27, 2012).<ref>{{cite web|last=Frum |first=David |url=http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2012/11/27/a-civil-war-professor-reviews-lincoln.html |title=A Civil War Professor Reviews 'Lincoln' |publisher=The Daily Beast |date=2012-11-27 |accessdate=2012-12-04}}</ref> David Stewart, independent historical author, writing for ''History News Network'', describes Spielberg’s work as “reasonably solid history” and tells readers of HNN, “go see it with a clear conscience” (November 20, 2012).<ref>{{cite web|author=Author:&nbsp; David O. Stewart |url=http://hnn.us/articles/how-true-lincoln |title=How True is "Lincoln"? &#124; History News Network |publisher=Hnn.us |date= |accessdate=2012-12-04}}</ref> Lincoln Biographer Ronald White also admired the film, though he noted a few mistakes and pointed out in an interview with [[National Public Radio|NPR]], “Is every word true? No.” (November 23, 2012).<ref>{{cite web|author=Updated: Nov 23, 2012 04:49 PM EST |url=http://www.booksnreview.com/articles/1729/20121123/fact-checking-steven-spielbergs-lincoln-movie-biographer.htm |title=Fact-Checking Steven Spielberg's 'Lincoln' Movie with Biographer Ronald C. White : Books : Books & Review |publisher=Booksnreview.com |date=2012-11-23 |accessdate=2012-12-04}}</ref> Historian [[Joshua M. Zeitz]], writing in ''[[The Atlantic]]'', noted some minor mistakes, but concluded "''Lincoln'' is not a perfect film, but it is an important film."<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2012/11/fact-checking-lincoln-lincolns-mostly-realistic-his-advisers-arent/265073/ |title=Fact-Checking 'Lincoln': Lincoln's Mostly Realistic; His Advisers Aren't - Joshua Zeitz |publisher=The Atlantic |date= |accessdate=2012-12-04}}</ref> Following a screening during the film's opening weekend, the [[Minnesota]] Civil War Commemoration Task Force held a panel discussion in which Dr. David Woodard of [[Concordia University (Saint Paul)|Concordia University]] remarked, "I always look at these films to see if a regular person who wasn't a 'Lincoln nut' would want to read a book about it after they watched the movie. I get the impression that most people who are not history buffs will now want to read something about Lincoln."<ref>http://thisweekinthecivilwar.com/?p=1413</ref>
 
 
 
===Accolades===
 
{{main|List of accolades received by Lincoln (2012 film)}}
 
 
 
==See also==
 
{{Portal|American Civil War|Film|2010s}}
 
* [[2012 in film]]
 
* [[Cultural depictions of Abraham Lincoln]]
 
== Kaynakça ==
 
 
==References==
 
{{Reflist|30em}}
 
== Dış bağlantılar ==
 
 
==External links==
{{wikiquote}}
 
{{Steven Spielberg}}
{{Abraham Lincoln}}
 
 
[[Category:2012 filmleri]]
29.261

değişiklik