"Fano" sayfasının sürümleri arasındaki fark

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| website = [http://www.comune.fano.pu.it http://www.comune.fano.pu.it]
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'''Fano''', guney [[İtalya]]'da [[Marche]] Bölgesi'nde, [[Pesaro ve Urbino ili]]'ne baglibağlı ve [[Pesaro]] sehrininşehrinin merkezinin 12km12 guneudogusundakm güneydoğusunda bulunan bir kent ve bir [[İtalya'nın Komünleri|komün]]. Fano; [[Cartoceto]], [[Mombaroccio]], [[Mondolfo]], [[Pesaro]], [[Piagge]] ve [[San Costanzo]] komünleriyle sınır komşusudur.
 
'''Fano''', guney [[İtalya]]'da [[Marche]] Bölgesi'nde, [[Pesaro ve Urbino ili]]'ne bagli ve [[Pesaro]] sehrinin merkezinin 12km guneudogusunda bulunan bir kent ve bir [[İtalya'nın Komünleri|komün]].
 
==Coğrafi konumu==
[[Dosya:Map of comune of Fano (province of Pesaro and Urbino, region Marche, Italy).svg|thumb|180px|left|Fano komununun Marche Bolgesi ve Pesaro ve Urbinno ili icindeki konumu]]
 
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==Tarihçe==
 
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An ancient town of [[Marche]], it was known as '''Fanum Fortunae''' after a temple of [[Fortuna (mythology)|Fortuna]] located there. Its first mention in history only dates from 49 BC, when [[Julius Caesar]] held it, along with [[Pisaurum]] and Ancona. [[Caesar Augustus]] established a ''[[Colonia (Roman)|colonia]]'', and built a wall, some parts of which remain. In the AD 2 Augustus also built an arch (which is still standing) at the entrance to the town.
[[File:Fano Castle.jpg|thumb|220px|left|The Castle of Fano in a 19th century etching. The high watchtower was destroyed during World War II.]]
In January 271, the [[Roman Army]] defeated the [[Alamanni]] in the [[Battle of Fano]] that took place on the banks of the [[Metauro]] river just inland of Fano.
 
Fano was destroyed by [[Vitiges]]' [[Ostrogoths]] in AD 538. It was rebuilt by the [[Byzantine Empire|Byzantines]], becoming the capital of the maritime [[Pentapolis]] ("Five Cities") that included also [[Rimini]], Pesaro, [[Senigallia]] and Ancona. In 754 it was donated to the [[Holy See|Popes]] by the Frank kings.
 
The [[Malatesta]] became lords of the city in 1356 with [[Galeotto I Malatesta]], who was nominally only a vicar of the Popes. Among the others, [[Pandolfo III Malatesta|Pandolfo III]] resided in the city. Under his son, the famous [[condottiero]] [[Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta]], Fano was besieged by Papal troops under [[Federico III da Montefeltro]], and returned to the Papal administration. It was later part of the short-lived state of [[Cesare Borgia]], and then part of the [[duchy]] of the [[della Rovere]]s in the Marche.
 
During the [[Napoleonic Wars]] it suffered heavy spoliations; the city had an active role in the [[Risorgimento]]. In [[World War I]] Fano was several times bombed by the [[Austro-Hungarian Navy]]. During [[World War II]] it was massively bombed by [[Allied]] airplanes due to hit the strategic railway and street bridges crossing the Metauro river, suffering also the destruction of all its bell towers by the [[Nazi]] occupation troops when they withdrew.
 
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== Nüfus gelişimi ==
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==Ekonomi==
 
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==Görülebilecek turistik yerler==
Fano'da görülebilecek turistik yerler şunlardır:
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*The Roman gate called ''Arco d'Augusto''. The upper story was destroyed in a siege conducted on the order of [[Pope Pius II]] in 1463, although a bas-relief of it was immediately made on an adjacent wall. Annexed to the arch are the church and the [[loggia]] of [[St. Michael]], the former having a noteworthy Renaissance portal.
*The ''Corte Malatestiana'', built after 1357 by Galeotto I Malatesta. The 14th century section includes a great vaulted hall (probably part of the first residence of the Malatesta in the city) and a small turret. The modern part was built under Pandolfo III in 1413-1423. The current edifice was heavily restored in the 20th century, but original are the [[mullioned window]]s in [[Gothic architecture|Gothic]] style as well as the staircase and the loggia from a 16th century restoration. Also noteworthy is the Borgia-Cybo Arch (late 15th century). The palace is connected to the ''Palazzo del Podestà'' by a modern bridge, probably present also in the original structure.
*The ''Rocca Malatestiana'' (Malatesta Castle), partially destroyed in 1944. The most ancient part dates probably from pre-existing Roman and medieval fortifications; the castle in its current form was begun in 1433 or 1438 by [[Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta]]. The now missing ''mastio'' was erected in 1452. Here Sigismondo's son, [[Roberto Malatesta|Roberto]], was besieged by Papal Troops in 1463 and signed the peace treaty that ended the Malatesta domination of Fano.
*The ''Museo Civico'' (Archeological Museum and Art Gallery), located inside the ''Palazzo Malatestiano'', contains paintings by [[Guercino]], [[Michele Giambono]], and [[Giovanni Santi]].
*The Cathedral (12th century), which was erected over a pre-existing cathedral destroyed by a fire in 1111. The current façade is from the 1920s restoration, but is similar to the original. The interior has a nave and two aisles. No remnants of the town's namesake temple have been uncovered, nor of the basilica we are told that [[Vitruvius]] built there.
*''Palazzo del [[Podestà]]'' or ''della Ragione'' (built from 1229 in Romanesque-Gothic style). The interiors are in Neoclassicist style, and it houses a museum with archaeological findings, coins, medals, and an art gallery with works by [[Guido Reni]], [[Domenichino]] and others.
*The church of St. Francis, housing the tombs of Pandolfo III Malatesta (designed by [[Leon Battista Alberti]]) and his first wife Paola Bianca Malatesta.
*The church of ''Santa Maria Nuova'' (1521). It has an ancient portal and two works by [[Pietro Perugino|Perugino]] (''[[Annunciation of Fano]]'' and [[Fano Altarpiece]], the latter including perhaps an intervention by [[Raphael]]).
*The church of ''[[Paternian|San Paterniano]]'' (16th century) with a Renaissance cloister.
*The ''Fontana della Fortuna'' (Fountain of Fortune) (17th century).
 
Outside the city, in the place called Bellocchi, is the church of [[St. Sebastian]] (16th century), for the construction of which parts of the ancient cathedral were used.
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==Komşu komünler==
 
Fano komünü şu komünlerle sınır komşusudur:[[Cartoceto]], [[Mombaroccio]], [[Mondolfo]], [[Pesaro]], [[Piagge]], [[San Costanzo]]
 
==Kardeş şehirler==
* {{kardeş şehir|St Albans|Birleşik Krallık}}
* {{kardeş şehir|Stribro|Çek Cumhuriyeti}}
 
 
==Resimler==
 
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<div class="NavHead" style="background:#2380c1; border:1px solid silver;text-align:left; font-size:100%">[[Dosya:Nuvola apps digikam.png|left|20px]]<center>'''<span style="color:white">Fano</span>'''</center></div>
 
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== Kaynakça ==
{{kaynakça}}
* [http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fano Italyanca Wikipedia "Fano" maddesi] {{it icon}}
 
==Ayrıca bakınız==
 
*[[Pesaro ve Urbino ili]]
*[[Marche]]
 
== Kaynakça ==
==Dışsal bağlantılar==
* [http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fano Italyanca Wikipedia "Fano" maddesi] {{it icon}}
{{kaynakça}}
 
==DışsalDış bağlantılar==
{{Commons|Fano}}
* [http://www.comune.fano.pu.it Fano Belediyesi resmi websitesi] {{it icon}}
* [http://www.turismofano.com Fano resmi turizm rehberi ve websitesi] {{it icon}}
} {{it icon}}
 
 
{{Büyük Nüfuslu İtalya Şehirleri|durum=collapsed}}
{{Pesaro ve Urbino ili|durum=collapsed}}
 
{{İtalya-yerleşim-taslak}}